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Coley, Rebekah Levine; Kull, Melissa – Child Development, 2016
Residential mobility has received notable attention in the literature, yet there remains limited consensus on how and when mobility is associated with detriments to children's development. Drawing on a nationally representative sample of 19,162 children in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study followed from kindergarten through eighth grade, this…
Descriptors: Child Development, Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys
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Domina, Thurston – Child Development, 2014
The proportion of eighth graders in United States public schools enrolled in algebra or a more advanced mathematics course doubled between 1990 and 2011. This article uses Early Childhood Longitudinal Study's Kindergarten Cohort data to consider the selection process into advanced middle school mathematics courses and estimate the effects of…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Advanced Courses, Mathematics Achievement
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Chien, Nina C.; Mistry, Rashmita S. – Child Development, 2013
The effects of geographic variations in cost of living and family income on children's academic achievement and social competence in first grade (mean age = 86.9 months) were examined, mediated through material hardship, parental investments, family stress, and school resources. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten…
Descriptors: Geographic Location, Family Income, Economic Climate, Interpersonal Competence
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Johnson, Anna D.; Martin, Anne; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Child Development, 2013
The federal child-care subsidy program represents one of the government's largest investments in early care and education. Using data from the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, this study examines associations, among subsidy-eligible families, between child-care subsidy receipt when children are 4 years old…
Descriptors: Grants, Child Care, Federal Aid, Federal Programs
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Keys, Tran D.; Farkas, George; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Duncan, Greg J.; Vandell, Deborah L.; Li, Weilin; Ruzek, Erik A.; Howes, Carollee – Child Development, 2013
This article examines associations between observed quality in preschool center classrooms for approximately 6,250 three- to five-year-olds and their school readiness skills at kindergarten entry. Secondary analyses were conducted using data from four large-scale studies to estimate the effects of preschool center quality and interactions between…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Preschool Education, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Johnson, Anna D.; Ryan, Rebecca M.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Child Development, 2012
The federal child-care subsidy program represents one of the government's largest investments in early care and education, but little is known about whether it increases low-income children's access to higher quality child care. This study used newly available nationally representative data on 4-year-old children (N = 750) to investigate whether…
Descriptors: Child Care, Grants, Disadvantaged Youth, Low Income Groups
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Miller, Daniel P.; Waldfogel, Jane; Han, Wen-Jui – Child Development, 2012
This study investigates the link between the frequency of family breakfasts and dinners and child academic and behavioral outcomes in a panel sample of 21,400 children aged 5-15. It complements previous work by examining younger and older children separately and by using information on a large number of controls and rigorous analytic methods to…
Descriptors: Child Behavior, Academic Achievement, Nutrition, Eating Habits
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Roisman, Glenn I.; Fraley, R. Chris – Child Development, 2012
A critique of research examining whether early experiences with primary caregivers are reflected in adaptation is that relevant longitudinal studies have generally not employed genetically informed research designs capable of unconfounding shared genes and environments. Using the twin subsample (N = 485 pairs) of the Early Childhood Longitudinal…
Descriptors: Academic Ability, Social Development, Behavior Problems, Environmental Influences
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Cabrera, Natasha J.; Fagan, Jay; Wight, Vanessa; Schadler, Cornelia – Child Development, 2011
The association among mothers', fathers', and infants' risk and cognitive and social behaviors at 24 months was examined using structual equation modeling and data on 4,200 on toddlers and their parents from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort. There were 3 main findings. First, for cognitive outcomes, maternal risk was directly…
Descriptors: Mothers, Young Children, Parent Child Relationship, Fathers
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Han, Wen-Jui – Child Development, 2012
Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Cohort, this study examines the role that bilingualism plays in children's academic developmental trajectories during their early school years, with particular attention on the school environment (N = 16,380). Growth-curve results showed that despite starting with lower math scores in…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Kindergarten, Grade 5, Educational Environment
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Roisman, Glenn I.; Fraley, R. Chris – Child Development, 2006
This report presents data on 9-month-old twin pairs (n[MZ]=172; n[DZ]=333) from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, demonstrating that the role of genetic variation among infants is trivial and the shared and nonshared environment is substantial in accounting for the observed quality of infant-caregiver relationships. In contrast, maternal…
Descriptors: Genetics, Caregiver Child Relationship, Infants, Twins