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Branson, Margaret Stimmann – 2003
There is a necessary connection between civics and economics in education for democracy. This connection should be reflected in school curricula. This digest discusses: (1) federal legislation and programs promoting civics and economics; (2) the connections between civics and economics in the study of the U.S. Constitution; (3) the status of…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Citizenship Education, Civics, Democracy
McJunkin, Kyle Stewart – 2003
Religion has a positive role to play in institutions of learning. Public schools should not be afraid to openly explore ways of accommodating religious practices. This thesis aims to challenge and change those attitudes that uncritically push for the strict separation of church and state. The thesis examines the development of religious diversity…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Public Schools, Religion, State Church Separation
Allen, Jody; Daugherity, Brian; Trembanis, Sarah – 2003
During the Jim Crow era, separation of the races in public places was either required by law or permitted as a cultural norm. Public school systems across the U.S. south were typically segregated. After 1896, these schools were supposed to adhere to the separate but equal rule established by the U.S. Supreme Court in "Plessy v.…
Descriptors: Black Students, Curriculum Enrichment, Heritage Education, Historic Sites
Paige, Rod – 2003
A letter from Rod Paige, United States Secretary of Education, introduces a booklet which provides guidance to state educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs), and the public on constitutionally protected prayer in U.S. public elementary and secondary schools. The guidance also sets forth and explains the responsibilities of…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Guidelines, Public Schools, Religion
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Gutierrez, Robert – Theory and Research in Social Education, 2003
The U.S.'s history has gone through significant cultural changes. None have been more profound than those related to a basic philosophical understanding of the foundation of our constitutional structure. This essay asks the reader to reconsider a central theory and organizational viewpoint of the founding generation, which adhered to a more…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Social Capital, United States History, Governmental Structure
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O'Brien, Joseph; Kohlmeier, Jada; Guilfoyle, Casey – Social Studies, 2003
History education lends itself to considering historical problems from the perspective of people of that time and exploring their thinking or "predictions" about the problems' possible effects. Building lessons around the use of prediction-making humanizes history because it allows students to investigate historical events and understand…
Descriptors: Prediction, Primary Sources, History Instruction, United States History
Bangura, Abdul Karim – 2003
The most fundamental ideas ingrained in U.S. culture are the notions of freedom and democracy. The United States Constitution guarantees certain inalienable rights and protections. However, a person only needs to read "The Chronicle of Higher Education" since the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center (New York) and the…
Descriptors: Andragogy, Classroom Techniques, Controversial Issues (Course Content), Cultural Context
Hutchens, Dorothy – 2002
This lesson plan for elementary-age children studies some of the primary source documents and symbols of freedom which were and are important for the nation. The lesson plan uses the following documents: "The Mayflower Compact"; "The Declaration of Independence"; "The Constitution"; and the "Bill of Rights."…
Descriptors: American Studies, Elementary Education, Freedom, Primary Sources
Gauthier, Jason G. – 2002
This publication provides census questionnaires and instructions for decennial censuses beginning in 1790 and ending in 2000. It also presents a history of the decennial censuses from 1790 to 2000 and offers individual histories of the U.S. census from the first (1790) to the sixteenth (1940). The publication discusses the seventeenth (1950),…
Descriptors: Census Figures, Community Size, Data Collection, Demography
Yoder, Myron E.; Bell, Melissa W. – 2002
For social studies teachers, good social studies requires good reading, writing, and mathematics skills. In addition, the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) administers reading, writing, and mathematics assessments to students at specific grade levels. Through many years of working together with their classes and with the "We the…
Descriptors: Adolescent Literature, Childrens Literature, Citizenship Education, Critical Reading
Harvard Civil Rights Project, Cambridge, MA. – 2002
Most educational institutions must meet strict legal requirements when considering race in admissions, financial aid, student assignment, and other policy decisions. Based on U.S. Supreme Court rulings, both the Equal Protection Clause and Title VI require that race-conscious policies be subject to "strict scrutiny." A court evaluates…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, College Admission
Harness, Karen – 2002
In 1877, Standing Bear and his people, the Ponca (Indians), were forcibly removed from their land in northern Nebraska and sent to Indian Territory. Since no provision for food or shelter had been made for them, a number of the tribe, including Standing Bear's son, did not survive the harsh winter. In defiance of the relocation order, Standing…
Descriptors: American Indian History, American Indians, Evaluation Criteria, Grade 8
Pitts, Annette Boyd – 2002
The League of Women Voters/Tallahassee responded to an opportunity to research the concerns of Florida's judiciary following the disrupted general election of 2000. It received a grant for the Judicial Independence Project, a project supported by a grant from the Program on Law and Society of the Open Society Institute, from the League of Women…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Court Judges, Courts, Law Related Education
Drake, Frederick D.; Nelson, Lynn R. – 2002
Although it was not directly named in the U.S. Constitution, federalism is a central principle of U.S. government. It is important for students to learn about federalism to comprehend the U.S. federal system and recognize examples of federalism in other countries. Teaching and learning about federalism is essential to education for citizenship in…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Constitutional History, Democracy, Federal Government
National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC. – 2002
When U.S. President Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 in the wake of the Watergate scandal, it was only the second time that impeachment of a president had been considered. Although the U.S. Constitution has provisions for a person removed from office to be indicted, there are no guidelines in the Constitution about a President who has resigned. The…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Constitutional Law, Federal Government, National Standards
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