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Sky Lark, Taj'ullah – Online Submission, 2012
The instability of the U.S. economy and its competitiveness in the global market has lead to increase request for investment in Higher Education programs. There exists a rising awareness among scholars of how inextricably education is tied to the strength of the economy, the well being of its populace, as well as the importance of a diversified…
Descriptors: Higher Education, College Admission, Student Costs, College Programs
Van Daniel, Roderick – ProQuest LLC, 2012
Title IX's legislation has been in place since 1972 and has affected female participation in a positive form towards gender equity. However many institution sill have difficulty complying with the standards mandated by Title IX. Gender equity is established by meeting substantial proportionality, continued expansion, or full accommodations prongs…
Descriptors: College Athletics, Sex Fairness, Community Colleges, Public Colleges
Dahl, Gabriel Grawe – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate North Dakota's Normal Competitive Region (NDNCR) high school athletic administrators' perceptions of 2010 Title IX policy changes respective to their athletic programs. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected to investigate the perceptions. Quantitatively, perception data were gathered from a…
Descriptors: Athletics, Administrators, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Surface, Jeanne; Stader, David; Graca, Thomas; Lowe, Jerry – Journal of Inquiry and Action in Education, 2012
Educational leaders have a substantial degree of control over students and generally have a tremendous influence on the decisions that they make. District administrators are already involved in comprehensive efforts to stem sexual harassment, teen violence and bullying; therefore, they may be well positioned to identify and address the problem of…
Descriptors: Violence, Dating (Social), School Districts, Safety
Acosta, R. Vivian; Carpenter, Linda Jean – Acosta - Carpenter, 2012
In 1970, prior to the 1972 enactment of Title IX, there were only 2.5 women's teams per school and a total of only about 16,000 female intercollegiate athletes. In 1977/1978, the academic year preceding the mandatory compliance date for Title IX, the number of varsity sports for women had grown to 5.61 per school. A decade later, in 1988, the…
Descriptors: Womens Athletics, College Athletics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Longitudinal Studies
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Block, Jason A. – College Student Affairs Journal, 2012
An April 2011 "Dear Colleague" letter issued by the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights provided new guidance related to Title IX and the civil rights violation inherent in sexual harassment cases. Using the "Dear Colleague" letter as a guide, this article will provide best practice suggestions to remedy…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Best Practices, Politics of Education, Sexual Harassment
US Department of Justice, 2012
Passed by Congress on June 23, 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 bars sex discrimination in education programs and activities offered by entities receiving federal financial assistance. In the 40 years since its enactment, Title IX has improved access to educational opportunities for millions of students, helping to ensure that no…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Gender Discrimination, Sex Fairness
Maxwell, Lesli A. – Education Week, 2011
In the 21 months since U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan stood on an iconic bridge in Selma, Alabama, and pledged to aggressively combat discrimination in the nation's schools, federal education officials have launched dozens of new probes in school districts and states that reach into civil rights issues that previously received little, if…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Public Agencies, Federal Government, Compliance (Legal)
Rogers, Frances E. – Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2011
No school board member, administrator, or teacher wants to see a student suffering from taunts of the student's peers, but with budget cutbacks, reductions in force, and increased class size, teachers and administrators are stretched too thin to easily identify, investigate, and remedy student-on-student harassment. But school districts must…
Descriptors: Class Size, Sexual Harassment, Court Litigation, Boards of Education
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Murray, Olivia – Multicultural Perspectives, 2011
In the wake of institutionalized homophobia afflicting public schools, the nation faces a unique opportunity to acknowledge and transform the assumption that all people are or should be heterosexual and gender-conforming. In this article, the author examines how people, as a nation, can reform schools to be more inclusive of diverse student…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Homosexuality, Educational Policy, Social Bias
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Hinduja, Sameer; Patchin, Justin W. – Preventing School Failure, 2011
School districts are often given the challenging task of addressing problematic online behaviors committed by students while simultaneously protecting themselves from civil liability by not overstepping their authority. This is difficult, because the law concerning these behaviors is ambiguous and continuously evolving, and little consensus has…
Descriptors: Legal Problems, Civil Rights, Court Litigation, Bullying
Hill, Catherine; Kearl, Holly – American Association of University Women, 2011
Sexual harassment has long been an unfortunate part of the climate in middle and high schools in the United States. Often considered a kind of bullying, sexual harassment by definition involves sex and gender and therefore warrants separate attention. The legal definition of sexual harassment also differentiates it from bullying. Based on a…
Descriptors: Sexual Harassment, Incidence, Prevention, Middle Schools
Davis-Alldritt, Linda; Bushmiaer, Margo; Desisto, Marie; Lambert, Patrice; Murphy, M. Kathleen; Roland, Sharon; Selser, Kendra; Wyckoff, Leah – National Association of School Nurses (NJ1), 2011
The National Association of School Nurses (NASN) believes that the school nurse is in a prime position to support the health and wellbeing of pregnant and parenting students and contribute to their lifelong success by linking them to resources and advocating for policies and practices that promote high school graduation. It is the position of NASN…
Descriptors: Pregnancy, Pregnant Students, Child Rearing, Early Parenthood
O'Neill, Lisa – ProQuest LLC, 2011
The gender gap in achievement and the increasing awareness of differences between male and female cognitive development have ignited a growing interest in single-sex education. No Child Left Behind legislation and amendments to Title IX legislation have increased the number of schools in America offering single-sex education. This 2-year…
Descriptors: Single Sex Classes, Gender Differences, Achievement Gains, Mathematics Achievement
Conrad-Curry, Dea – ProQuest LLC, 2011
Opportunity to learn via public education has origins in the mid-nineteenth-century as a response to Horace Mann's argument that educating girls as well as boys would build a collectively more prosperous society. Over the years, educational reform through the judicial and legislative branches of government has continued to balance opportunity to…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, High School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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