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Bosma, Tirza; Stevenson, Claire E.; Resing, Wilma C. M. – Journal of Education and Training Studies, 2017
In this paper we investigated the contribution of a dynamic testing procedure, including multiple graduated prompts protocols, in identifying differences in need for instruction of second grade children (N = 120) with arithmetic difficulties. The training was adaptive and prompts were provided according to one of six protocols, each focusing on a…
Descriptors: Prompting, Grade 2, Arithmetic, Problem Solving
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Brouwers, Symen A.; van de Vijver, Fons J. R.; Mishra, Ramesh C. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
The influences of schooling and everyday experiences on cognitive development are typically confounded. In the present study, we unraveled the influence of chronological age and years of schooling on the development of general cognitive competency in a two-wave longitudinal design with a three-year interval among 181 Kharwar children in India,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Development, Children, Longitudinal Studies
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Stevenson, Claire E. – International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 2017
This study contrasted the effects of tutoring, multiple try and no feedback on children's progression in analogy solving and examined individual differences herein. Feedback that includes additional hints or explanations leads to the greatest learning gains in adults. However, children process feedback differently from adults and effective…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Feedback (Response), Children, Short Term Memory
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Shnitzer-Meirovich, Shlomit; Lifshitz-Vahab, Hefziba; Mashal, Nira – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Studies examining the visual and verbal metaphorical comprehension of individuals with non-specific intellectual disability (NSID) are remarkably scarce; to date only one case study examined comprehension of metaphors in an individual with Down syndrome (DS). The current study explored both the understanding of conventional and novel metaphors and…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Down Syndrome, Figurative Language, Intelligence Tests
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Vogelaar, Bart; Bakker, Merel; Hoogeveen, Lianne; Resing, Wilma C. M. – Psychology in the Schools, 2017
In this study, dynamic testing principles were applied to examine progression of analogy problem solving, the roles that cognitive flexibility and metacognition play in children's progression as well as training benefits, and instructional needs of 7- to 8-year-old gifted and average-ability children. Utilizing a pretest training posttest control…
Descriptors: Gifted, Problem Solving, Figurative Language, Educational Practices
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Webb, Paul; Whitlow, J. W., Jr.; Venter, Danie – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
Research has shown improvements in science, mathematics, and language scores when classroom discussion is employed in school-level science and mathematics classes. Studies have also shown statistically and practically significant gains in children's reasoning abilities as measured by the Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices test when employing…
Descriptors: Discussion (Teaching Technique), Thinking Skills, Logical Thinking, Persuasive Discourse
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Shum, Kathy Kar-man; Au, Terry Kit-fong – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Rapid automatized naming (RAN) robustly predicts early reading abilities across languages, but its underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study found that RAN associated significantly with processing speed but not with phonological awareness or orthographic knowledge in 89 Hong Kong Chinese second-graders. RAN overlaps more with processing…
Descriptors: Naming, Foreign Countries, Reading Ability, Phonological Awareness
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Howard, Steven J.; Woodcock, Stuart; Ehrich, John; Bokosmaty, Sahar – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: A fundamental aim of standardized educational assessment is to achieve reliable discrimination between students differing in the knowledge, skills and abilities assessed. However, questions of the purity with which these tests index students' genuine abilities have arisen. Specifically, literacy and numeracy assessments may also engage…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Literacy, Numeracy, Student Evaluation
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Vogelaar, Bart; Bakker, Merel; Elliott, Julian G.; Resing, Wilma C. M. – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Background: Dynamic testing has been proposed as a testing approach that is less disadvantageous for children who may be potentially subject to bias when undertaking conventional assessments. For example, those who encounter high levels of test anxiety, or who are unfamiliar with standardized test procedures, may fail to demonstrate their true…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods, Test Bias, Test Anxiety
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Vander Heyden, Karin M.; Huizinga, Mariette; Jolles, Jelle – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Children practice their spatial skills when playing with spatial toys, such as construction materials, board games, and puzzles. Sex and SES differences are observed in the engagement in such spatial play activities at home, which relate to individual differences in spatial performance. The current study investigated the effects of explicitly…
Descriptors: Intervention, Play, Games, Puzzles
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Picard, Laurence; Abram, Maria; Orriols, Eric; Piolino, Pascale – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
The majority of episodic memory (EM) tests are far removed from what we experience in daily life and from the definition of this type of memory. This study examines the developmental trajectory of the main aspects of episodic memory--what, where, and when--and of feature binding in a naturalistic virtual environment. A population of 125…
Descriptors: Computer Simulation, Memory, Children, Adolescents
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Malakar, Partha; Basu, Jayanti – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2017
The aim of the study was to determine whether the general intelligence, cognitive processes, school achievement, and intelligence-achievement relationship of adolescents with subclinical levels of obsessive-compulsive symptoms differed from those of their normal counterparts. From an initial large pool of 14-year-old Bengali students in eighth…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Anxiety Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Wang, Enguo; Du, Chenguang; Ma, Yujun – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study reports the neurophysiological and behavioral correlates of digital memory retrieval features in Chinese individuals with and without dyscalculia. A total of 18 children with dyscalculia (ages 11.5-13.5) and 18 controls were tested, and their event-related potentials were digitally recorded simultaneously with behavior measurement.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Skills, Children
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Potocki, Anna; Sanchez, Monique; Ecalle, Jean; Magnan, Annie – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This article presents two studies investigating the role of executive functioning in written text comprehension in children and adolescents. In a first study, the involvement of executive functions in reading comprehension performance was examined in normally developing children in fifth grade. Two aspects of text comprehension were…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Adolescents, Reading Difficulties
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Veerbeek, Jochanan; Verhaegh, Janneke; Elliott, Julian G.; Resing, Wilma C. M. – Journal of Education and Learning, 2017
This study evaluated a new measure for analyzing the process of children's problem solving in a series completion task. This measure focused on a process that we entitled the "Grouping of Answer Pieces" (GAP) that was employed to provide information on problem representation and restructuring. The task was conducted using an electronic…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Cognitive Processes
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