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Sacco, Airi Macias; de Paula Couto, Maria Clara Pinheiro; Dunham, Yarrow; Santana, Juliana Prates; Nunes, Luciana Neves; Koller, Sílvia Helena – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The development of implicit and explicit racial attitudes were investigated in 542 White, Pardo, and Black Brazilian children and adolescents (aged 6 to 14) from 2 different regional contexts that vary dramatically in their racial diversity, Bahia (BA) and Rio Grande do Sul (RS). Results revealed the pervasive presence of race biases favoring…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Racial Attitudes, Cultural Influences, Whites
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Jambon, Marc; Madigan, Sheri; Plamondon, André; Jenkins, Jennifer – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Research has documented various family and individual risk factors associated with severe conduct problems, but little is known about the developmental origins of children who engage in both aggressive and prosocial interactions with others. The present study utilized growth-mixture modeling to identify distinct trajectories of physical aggression…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Aggression, Prosocial Behavior
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Baker, Jessica H.; Higgins Neyland, M. K.; Thornton, Laura M.; Runfola, Cristin D.; Larsson, Henrik; Lichtenstein, Paul; Bulik, Cynthia – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Body dissatisfaction is a significant mental health symptom present in adolescent girls and boys. However, it is often either disregarded in adolescent boys or examined using assessments that may not resonate with males. The present study addresses these issues, examining the manifestation, etiology, and correlates of 3 facets of body…
Descriptors: Males, Human Body, Self Concept, Muscular Strength
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DelPriore, Danielle J.; Shakiba, Nila; Schlomer, Gabriel L.; Hill, Sarah E.; Ellis, Bruce J. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Guided by paternal investment theory (PIT), the current research examines the effects of fathers on daughters' expectations for men in adulthood, and the role of these expectations in mediating women's short-term (casual or uncommitted) sexual behavior. Using a genetically informed differential sibling-exposure design (N = 223 sister pairs from…
Descriptors: Fathers, Daughters, Parent Influence, Expectation
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Sorhagen, Nicole S.; Keiffer, Jacqueline N.; Weinraub, Marsha – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Does mothers' employment predict the subsequent maternal employment of their daughters? Social learning theory suggests that modeling should increase under more positive relationship conditions. We examined the congruence between mothers' maternal employment and daughters' maternal employment longitudinally across 4 periods of parenthood and as a…
Descriptors: Mothers, Employed Parents, Parent Child Relationship, Daughters
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Maes, Marlies; Nelemans, Stefanie A.; Danneel, Sofie; Fernández-Castilla, Belén; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Goossens, Luc; Vanhalst, Janne – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Social relationships are of vital importance for children's and adolescents' development, and disruptions in these relationships can have serious implications. Such disruptions play a central role in both loneliness and social anxiety. Although both phenomena are closely related, they have largely been studied separately, and important questions…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Anxiety, Children, Adolescents
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Berdasco-Muñoz, Elena; Nazzi, Thierry; Yeung, H. Henny – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Preterm birth (<37 gestational weeks) is associated with long-term risks for health and neurodevelopment, but recently, studies have also started exploring how preterm birth affects early language development in the 1st year of life. Because the timing and quality of auditory and visual input is very different for preterm versus full-term…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, Infants, Language Acquisition, Visual Perception
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Keemink, Jolie R.; Keshavarzi-Pour, Maryam J.; Kelly, David J. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Face scanning is an important skill that takes place in a highly interactive context embedded within social interaction. However, previous research has studied face scanning using noninteractive stimuli. We aimed to study face scanning and social interaction in infancy in a more ecologically valid way by providing infants with a naturalistic and…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Infants, Visual Stimuli, Infant Behavior
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Qian, Miao K.; Heyman, Gail D.; Quinn, Paul C.; Fu, Genyue; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2019
We investigated the developmental courses of both implicit and explicit racial biases in relation to the perceived social status of outgroups. We did so by assessing these biases among Chinese participants (N = 200, age range from 4- to 19-year-olds) toward 2 different other-race groups that differ in terms of perceived social status (i.e., Whites…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Age Differences, Individual Development, Social Status
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Ikeda, Ayaka; Kobayashi, Tessei; Itakura, Shoji – Developmental Psychology, 2019
We are expected to behave appropriately to suit social situations. One form of behavioral control is the selection of a linguistic register that is appropriate to the listener. Register selection errors can sometimes be interpreted as rude behavior and result in having a bad influence on the relationship with the listener and the evaluation by…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Interpersonal Communication, Pragmatics, Japanese
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Huang, Zhenzhen; Hu, Qingfen; Shao, Yi – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The current study investigated whether children understand the conditions under which another agent would hold uncertain knowledge resulting from inferential processes and, more importantly, whether children can make causal inferences about the relationship between the certainty of an agent's epistemic states and consequent behavioral strategies.…
Descriptors: Inferences, Young Children, Logical Thinking, Age Differences
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Tompkins, Virginia; Duffy, Kaylin; Haisley, Emily; Smith, Richard J. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Researchers studying parent-child reminiscing in the preschool years have often focused on parents' and children's elaborative talk (i.e., provision of unique details). The current study proposes a novel conceptualization of parent-child reminiscing narratives by examining 4 levels of abstraction (i.e., a continuum of literal to inferential…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Preschool Children, Inferences, Mothers
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Ren, Kexin; Lin, Ying; Gunderson, Elizabeth A. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Elementary school students often lack a conceptual understanding of linear measurement, which is revealed by their poor performance when the object to be measured is not aligned with the start of the ruler. Instead of correctly counting the units that correspond to the object (e.g., inches or centimeters), children often use 1 of 2 incorrect…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Elementary School Students, Measurement Techniques, Grade 1
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Charlesworth, Tessa E. S.; Hudson, Sa-kiera T. J.; Cogsdill, Emily J.; Spelke, Elizabeth S.; Banaji, Mahzarin R. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Humans possess a tendency to rapidly and consistently make character evaluations from mere facial appearance. Recent work shows that this tendency emerges surprisingly early: children as young as 3-years-old provide adult-like assessments of others on character attributes such as "nice," "strong," and "smart" based…
Descriptors: Human Body, Personality Traits, Physical Characteristics, Decision Making
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D'Apice, Katrina; Latham, Rachel M.; von Stumm, Sophie – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Although early life experiences of language and parenting are critical for children's development, large home observation studies of both domains are scarce in the psychological literature, presumably because of their considerable costs to the participants and researchers. Here, we used digital audio-recorders to unobtrusively observe 107…
Descriptors: Naturalistic Observation, Child Language, Child Behavior, Child Rearing
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