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Harvard Civil Rights Project, Cambridge, MA. – 2001
Voluntary efforts to promote racial integration in K-12 schools have met strong resistance from the courts in recent years, despite the long history of court involvement in desegregation litigation. Race-conscious policies have invoked both the integration ideals stemming from Brown v. Board of Education and the diversity rationale in higher…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Civil Rights, Court Litigation, Desegregation Litigation
Soule, Suzanne – 2001
The "We the People... The Citizen and the Constitution" program is an instructional program on the history and principles of U.S. constitutional democracy for elementary, middle, and high school students. The program is based on curricular materials developed by the Center for Civic Education. At the high school level, classes may choose…
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Citizenship Education, Competition, Democracy
Perry, Douglas – 2001
In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson guided a piece of foreign diplomacy through the U.S. Senate, the purchase of Louisiana territory from France. Jefferson chose Meriwether Lewis, his personal secretary, who possessed frontiersman skills to explore the territory. Lewis, in turn, solicited the help of William Clark, whose abilities as a draftsman…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Federal Government, Government Role, Land Settlement
Clark, Linda Darus – 2001
From the 1860s through the 1870s the U.S. frontier saw many Indian wars and skirmishes. A study and report on the conditions of the Indian tribes, released in 1867, led to an act to establish an Indian Peace Commission to end the wars and prevent future Indian conflicts. In the spring of 1868 a conference was held at Fort Laramie (Wyoming) that…
Descriptors: Federal Government, Government Role, Primary Sources, Secondary Education
Perry, Douglas – 2001
Many historians call the Civil War the central event in U.S. history. The formation of the U.S. Constitution corrected the autonomy of individual states that the Articles of Confederation did not harness. The young country struggled for 75 years to find a graceful balance between the power of the federal government and that of the states. The…
Descriptors: Civil War (United States), Government Role, Photographs, Photography
Schur, Joan Brodsky – 2001
In 1876 Americans held a Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) to celebrate the nation's birth 100 years earlier. Machinery Hall drew the most admiration and wonder. Alexander Graham Bell exhibited the first telephone, and Thomas Alva Edison presented the automatic telegraph, one of more than 1,000 inventions he would patent in his…
Descriptors: Government Role, Industrialization, Inventions, Patents
Clark, Linda Darus – 2001
When Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected U.S. President in 1932, it was with the promise to restore U.S. confidence and to bring the country out of the Great Depression. After his election, Roosevelt formulated his New Deal policies to bring about relief from economic hardships. He created the National Recovery Administration (NRA) which had two…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Presidents of the United States, Primary Sources, Secondary Education
Drake, Sarah E.; Vontz, Thomas S. – 2001
This digest highlights the Constitutional and statutory foundations of the United States Supreme Court, discusses the changing role of the Supreme Court, and recommends online resources helpful in teaching and learning about the United States Supreme Court. The digest addresses general concerns of delegates at the Constitutional Convention,…
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, Court Role, Elementary Secondary Education, Law Related Education
Vontz, Thomas S.; Drake, Sarah E. – 2001
This digest addresses teaching about the U.S. Congress. The digest addresses the constitutional foundations of the U.S. Congress, including the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey Plan, representation, bicameralism, and the balance of power between state and federal government and among the executive, judicial, and legislative branches of the federal…
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Constitutional History, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Government
Osborn, Elizabeth – 2001
In the case of Ritter v. Stanton, the attorneys for Ira Ritter and Kroger alleged that the amount of damages awarded by the jury were excessive and asked the Indiana Supreme Court to review the matter. This set of three lesson plans for secondary educators uses the Ritter v. Stanton case to examine the concept of the U.S. constitutional right to…
Descriptors: Civil Law, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation, Juries
Zachlod, Michelle, Ed. – 2001
California State Standard 5.7 is delineated in the following manner: "Students describe the people and events associated with the development of the U.S. Constitution and analyze the Constitution's significance as the foundation of the American republic." Students answer six questions about the Constitution and present suggestions for…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Citizenship Education, Curriculum Enrichment, Grade 5
Carlson, Don M. – 2001
This activity for students in grade 12 aims to increase their knowledge of the U.S. Constitution and its fundamental ideas: checks and balances, separation of powers, Bill of Rights, and the amendments. Students judge the constitutional powers of each brand of government by participating in the power game. The activity explains how the game is…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Democracy, Educational Games, Federal Government
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Hebert, J. Gerald; Williams, John Bryan – Insights on Law & Society, 2001
Focuses on the issue of redistricting in the United States with the release of the 2000 census. Discusses the redistricting principles that states must follow: (1) population equality specifically for the congressional and legislative districts; (2) the Voting Rights Act with a focus on Sections 5 and 2; and (3) racial gerrymandering. (CMK)
Descriptors: Civics, Government Role, Laws, Politics
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Insights on Law & Society, 2001
Focuses on important issues surrounding the opening clauses of the First Amendment on the establishment of religion, freedom of speech, and freedom of religion. Includes articles: "Established Churches in Colonial Times,""Establishment Clause: Here's How to Understand it!", "Religious Freedom and Today's Religious…
Descriptors: Constitutional Law, Educational Strategies, Educational Vouchers, Freedom of Speech
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Williams, Charles F. – Insights on Law & Society, 2001
Discusses U.S. Supreme Court cases during the 2000-01 term. Focuses on federalism, such as the case Solid Waste Agency v. Army Corps of Engineers, No. 99-1178, and cases related to the U.S. Bill of Rights First Amendment, such as United States and Department of Agriculture v. United Foods, Inc., No. 00-276. (CMK)
Descriptors: Advertising, Civics, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation
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