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Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne – Grantee Submission, 2014
We use three data sources to build a rationale for why intensive interventions are necessary for students with pervasive reading disabilities: current data on the performance of students with disabilities on reading achievement measures over time, observation studies on students with reading disabilities in general and special education…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Reading Achievement, Observation
Fleury, Veronica P.; Hedges, Susan; Hume, Kara; Browder, Diane M.; Thompson, Julie L.; Fallin, Kathy; El Zein, Farah; Reutebuch, Colleen Klein; Vaughn, Sharon – Grantee Submission, 2014
The number of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) who enter secondary school settings and access the general education curriculum continues to grow. Many educators may find they are not prepared to adapt their instruction to meet both state standards and the diverse needs of the full spectrum individuals with ASD, which has…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Secondary Education, Academic Achievement
Murray, Christy S.; Coleman, Meghan A.; Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne; Roberts, Greg – Center on Instruction, 2012
This toolkit provides activities and resources to assist practitioners in designing and delivering intensive interventions in reading and mathematics for K-12 students with significant learning difficulties and disabilities. Grounded in research, this toolkit is based on the Center on Instruction's "Intensive Interventions for Students Struggling…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Learning Problems, Elementary Secondary Education, Curriculum Development
Roberts, Greg; Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Sharon; Fall, Anna-Maria; Pyle, Nicole; Williams, Jacob – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
The study evaluates the efficacy of an intensive, reading intervention, a dropout prevention intervention, and an intensive, reading intervention plus dropout prevention on high school students' reading achievement and rates of dropout/school engagement. This paper focuses on the reading intervention and on reading outcomes. Data on the drop out…
Descriptors: Intervention, Individualized Reading, Dropout Prevention, Dropouts
Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne; Murray, Christy S.; Roberts, Greg – Center on Instruction, 2012
This publication provides research-based guidance for intensifying instruction in reading and mathematics for students with significant learning difficulties, including students with disabilities, in kindergarten through grade 12. The guide gives technical assistance providers and states information reflecting "best practices" for implementing…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Learning Problems, Elementary Secondary Education, Cognitive Processes
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Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Leroux, Audrey; Roberts, Greg; Denton, Carolyn; Barth, Amy; Fletcher, Jack – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
The authors report the effects of a yearlong, very small-group, intensive reading intervention for eighth-grade students with serious reading difficulties who had demonstrated low response to intervention (RTI) in both Grades 6 and 7. At the beginning of Grade 6, a cohort of students identified as having reading difficulties were randomized to…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension, Effect Size
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Reed, Deborah K.; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2012
Many students with reading difficulties in grades 4 through 12 experience challenges in understanding and learning from text. Some of these learners have demonstrated reading challenges from the early grades and have not acquired successful reading skills. Others were adequate readers in the early grades when word reading was the focus and when…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Reading Skills, Teaching Methods
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Reed, Deborah K.; Vaughn, Sharon – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2012
The purpose of this narrative synthesis is to determine the reliability and validity of retell protocols for assessing reading comprehension of students in grades K-12. Fifty-four studies were systematically coded for data related to the administration protocol, scoring procedures, and technical adequacy of the retell component. Retell was…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Disabilities
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Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities…
Descriptors: Evidence, Middle School Students, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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Tolar, Tammy D.; Barth, Amy E.; Francis, David J.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Stuebing, Karla K.; Vaughn, Sharon – Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2012
Maze tasks have appealing properties as progress-monitoring tools, but there is a need for a thorough examination of the psychometric properties of Maze tasks among middle school students. We evaluated form effects, reliability, validity, and practice effects of Maze among students in Grades 6 through 8. We administered the same (familiar) and…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Cloze Procedure, Multiple Choice Tests, Reading Tests
Reed, Deborah K.; Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Sharon – Guilford Publications, 2012
Grounded in the best current knowledge, this book shows how to implement response to intervention (RTI) in middle and high school contexts. Detailed guidelines are presented for teaching reading comprehension, vocabulary, and other aspects of literacy across the content areas, and for providing effective interventions for students who require…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reprography, Instructional Materials, Reading Instruction
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Reed, Deborah K.; Vaughn, Sharon; Petscher, Yaacov – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2012
In this study, the authors examined the validity of a holistically scored retell within a confirmatory factor analysis framework by comparing the fit of a three-factor model of reading with the data from a diverse sample of seventh and eighth graders. The final model demonstrated adequate fit, [chi][squared](32) = 97.316; comparative fit index =…
Descriptors: Factor Analysis, Validity, Reading Comprehension, Grade 8
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Klingner, Janette K.; Vaughn, Sharon; Boardman, Alison; Swanson, Elizabeth – Jossey-Bass, An Imprint of Wiley, 2012
Collaborative Strategic Reading is an innovative new approach to teaching reading that weaves together two instructional programs: cooperative learning and reading comprehension strategy instruction. In small groups, students work through the four main steps-Preview, "Click and Clunk," Get the Gist, and Wrap Up-helping each other improve…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Reading Consultants
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Barth, Amy E.; Stuebing, Karla K.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Cirino, Paul T.; Romain, Melissa; Francis, David; Vaughn, Sharon – Reading Psychology, 2012
We evaluated the reliability and validity of two oral reading fluency scores for 1-minute equated passages: median score and mean score. These scores were calculated from measures of reading fluency administered up to five times over the school year to students in grades six to eight (n = 1,317). Both scores were highly reliable with strong…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Scores
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Solis, Michael; Ciullo, Stephen; Vaughn, Sharon; Pyle, Nicole; Hassaram, Bindiya; Leroux, Audrey – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
The authors conducted a synthesis of studies of reading comprehension interventions for middle school students (Grades 6-8) identified with a learning disability. They identified 12 studies between 1979 and 2009 with treatment and comparison designs and 2 single-participant studies. Findings from the studies indicate large effect sizes for…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Reading Comprehension, Learning Disabilities, Effect Size
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