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Mangin, Kathryn S.; Horwood, L. J.; Woodward, Lianne J. – Child Development, 2017
Cognitive impairment is common among children born very preterm (VPT), yet little is known about how this risk changes over time. To examine this issue, a regional cohort of 110 VPT (= 32 weeks gestation) and 113 full-term (FT) born children was prospectively assessed at ages 4, 6, 9, and 12 years using the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Cognitive Ability, Premature Infants, At Risk Persons
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Liu, Ru-De; Ding, Yi; Xu, Le; Wang, Jia – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The authors' aim was to examine the relation between two-digit mental multiplication and working memory. In Study 1, involving 30 fifth-grade students, we used digit span backward as an abbreviated measure of working memory. In Study 2, involving 41 fourth-grade students, working memory comprised measures of phonological loop, visuospatial…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mental Computation, Multiplication, Elementary School Students
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Ziermans, Tim; Swaab, Hanna; Stockmann, Alexander; de Bruin, Esther; van Rijn, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a disruption in the flow of thought and a common feature in psychotic disorders and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive dysfunction has often been associated with FTD, yet for ASD convincing evidence is lacking. This study investigated FTD and three core executive functions in 50 young children and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Thinking Skills
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Sharp, Emily; Shih Dennis, Minyi – Remedial and Special Education, 2017
This study used a multiple probe across participants design to examine the effects of a model drawing strategy (MDS) intervention package on fraction comparing and ordering word problem-solving performance of three Grade 4 students. MDS is a form of cognitive strategy instruction for teaching word problem solving that includes explicit instruction…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Word Problems (Mathematics)
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Britton, Nicole Scott; Collins, Belva C.; Ault, Melinda Jones; Bausch, Margaret E. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2017
Within the context of a multiple baseline design, the researchers in this investigation used a constant time delay (CTD) procedure to teach two classroom support personnel (i.e., paraprofessional, peer tutor) to use a simultaneous prompting (SP) procedure when teaching a high school student with a moderate intellectual disability to (a) identify…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Time Factors (Learning), Prompting, High School Students
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van Viersen, Sietske; de Bree, Elise H.; Kalee, Lilian; Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.; de Jong, Peter F. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
A few studies suggest that gifted children with dyslexia have better literacy skills than averagely intelligent children with dyslexia. This finding aligns with the hypothesis that giftedness-related factors provide compensation for poor reading. The present study investigated whether, as in the native language (NL), the level of foreign language…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Second Language Learning, Reading Instruction, Spelling Instruction
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Tosto, Maria G.; Hayiou-Thomas, Marianna E.; Harlaar, Nicole; Prom-Wormley, Elizabeth; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert – Developmental Psychology, 2017
This study examines the genetic and environmental etiology underlying the development of oral language and reading skills, and the relationship between them, over a long period of developmental time spanning middle childhood and adolescence. It focuses particularly on the differential relationship between language and two different aspects of…
Descriptors: Twins, Genetics, Reading Fluency, Structural Equation Models
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Leikin, Roza; Leikin, Mark; Paz-Baruch, Nurit; Waisman, Ilana; Lev, Miri – High Ability Studies, 2017
In order to achieve the present study's goal--to understand better the phenomenon of mathematical giftedness--we performed a multidimensional examination of the mental processing in students who exhibited mathematical expertise (EM) at the secondary school level. The study included participants from the three groups: students who excelled in…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Mathematics Skills, Cognitive Processes, Secondary School Students
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McCoach, D. Betsy; Yu, Huihui; Gottfried, Allen W.; Gottfried, Adele Eskeles – High Ability Studies, 2017
The Fullerton Longitudinal Study offers a unique opportunity to model the stability of intelligence and achievement and their relations from elementary through secondary school. Using latent variable modeling, we fit a cross-lagged panel model to examine the relations between intelligence and achievement in two academic domains: mathematics and…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Talent Development, Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement
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Rossi, N. F.; Giacheti, C. M. – Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 2017
Background: Williams syndrome (WS) phenotype is described as unique and intriguing. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between speech-language abilities, general cognitive functioning and behavioural problems in individuals with WS, considering age effects and speech-language characteristics of WS sub-groups. Methods: The…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Developmental Disabilities, Correlation, Speech Skills
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Peterson, Robin L.; Boada, Richard; McGrath, Lauren M.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Olson, Richard K.; Pennington, Bruce F. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The current study tested a multiple-cognitive predictor model of word reading, math ability, and attention in a community-based sample of twins ages 8 to 16 years (N = 636). The objective was to identify cognitive predictors unique to each skill domain as well as cognitive predictors shared among skills that could help explain their overlap and…
Descriptors: Twins, Children, Adolescents, Predictor Variables
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Little, Lauren M.; Wallisch, Anna; Salley, Brenda; Jamison, Rene – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
Given that early caregiver concerns may be different for children who go on to receive a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder versus another developmental disability, early caregiver concerns may differ for girls. Using a community-based sample of children (n = 241), we examined the extent to which gender differences may be related to caregiver…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Caregiver Attitudes, Caregiver Child Relationship
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Duvekot, Jorieke; van der Ende, Jan; Verhulst, Frank C.; Slappendel, Geerte; van Daalen, Emma; Maras, Athanasios; Greaves-Lord, Kirstin – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
In order to shed more light on why referred girls are less likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than boys, this study examined whether behavioral characteristics influence the probability of an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis differently in girls versus boys derived from a multicenter sample of consecutively referred children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Clinical Diagnosis
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Pisula, Ewa; Pudlo, Monika; Slowinska, Monika; Kawa, Rafal; Strzaska, Magdalena; Banasiak, Anna; Wolanczyk, Tomasz – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
The purpose of this study was to investigate sex differences in behavioral and emotional problems in high-functioning girls and boys with autism spectrum disorder. The results obtained by adolescents with autism spectrum disorder were compared with those of typically developing girls and boys. Correlations between parents' and adolescents' ratings…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Behavior Problems
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Petrina, Neysa; Carter, Mark; Stephenson, Jennifer – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
This study investigated perceptions of teachers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on the importance of friendship development in comparison to other outcome priorities. Perceptions of teachers working in special classes were compared to those of teachers of mainstream classes. Friendship was rated of similar importance to social…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Friendship, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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