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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Chorzempa, Barbara Fink – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2002
Examines the contribution of supplemental spelling instruction to spelling, writing, and reading among second-grade children experiencing difficulties learning. Students in the spelling condition made greater improvements on norm-referenced spelling measures, a writing-fluency test, and a reading word-attack measure following instruction.…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Primary Education, Reading Improvement, Spelling
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De La Paz, Susan; Graham, Steve – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2002
In the present study, middle school students were directly taught strategies that facilitated the execution of writing processes, skills, and knowledge involved in planning, drafting, and revising text. Students in the experimental treatment condition produced essays that were longer, contained more mature vocabulary, and were qualitatively…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Middle School Students, Middle Schools, Revision (Written Composition)
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Fink, Barbara; MacArthur, Charles A. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2001
Investigates validity and reliability of a teacher efficacy instrument designed specifically for the area of writing. Notes a factor analysis yielded two dimensions, and that both factors were reliable and only slightly correlated with each other. Finds reported classroom practices of high- and low-efficacy teachers differed, and that variation in…
Descriptors: Construct Validity, Evaluation Methods, Primary Education, Reliability
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Larsen, Lynn – Learning Disabilities: Research & Practice, 2001
This article presents six principles designed to prevent writing difficulties as well as to build writing skills: providing effective writing instruction, tailoring instruction to meet the individual needs, intervening early, expecting that each child will learn to write, identifying and addressing roadblocks to writing, and employing…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Early Intervention, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education
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Graham, Steve; Weintraub, Naomi; Berninger, Virginia – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2001
Examined manuscript letter writing skills of students in Grades 1-3. Three letter characteristics, grade, and alphabet fluency each made a significant contribution to the prediction of letter legibility after effects of other predictors were controlled. Letter legibility in turn made a significant contribution to the prediction of text legibility…
Descriptors: Beginning Writing, Childrens Writing, Handwriting, Letters (Alphabet)
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Lovingfoss, Diana; Molloy, Dawn Eddy; Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve – Journal of Special Education, 2001
The revision of the University of Maryland Special Education Department 5-year undergraduate teacher preparation program is described. A recent program graduate's reflections on her first year of teaching illuminate key issues addressed in revising the program to focus on multicategorical special education teacher preparation across a more refined…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Course Content, Disabilities, Higher Education
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Troia, Gary A. – Topics in Language Disorders, 2000
This article examines the development of the Self-Regulated Strategy Development Model for teaching writing strategies and self-regulation procedures to students with writing difficulties. It describes how the model operates, and examines its effectiveness. It also highlights how the model has been used to respond to variations in settings and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Self Management, Teaching Models
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De La Paz, Susan; Owen, Bonnie; Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2000
This article describes implementation of the Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD) approach to help students learn a specific essay writing strategy in preparation for a state writing test. It also reviews the theoretical and research bases for using SRSD to teaching writing strategies. (Contains references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Elementary Education, Learning Strategies, Teaching Methods
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Graham, Steve – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2000
Reviews literature on the natural learning approach as it pertains to spelling instruction, which focuses on incidental and informal methods of learning to spell. Emphasizes there is only partial support for the inherent assumptions of the approach and reports young children who receive little or no spelling instruction do as well as their…
Descriptors: Children, Cognitive Style, Learning Strategies, Spelling Instruction
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Berninger, Virginia W.; Vaughan, Katherine; Abbott, Robert D.; Brooks, Allison; Begay, Kristin; Curtin, Gerald; Byrd, Kristina; Graham, Steve – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2000
Two studies compared the effectiveness of alphabet principle training only versus combined alphabet principle and syllable awareness training with at-risk spellers (grades 2 and 3). Differing results suggest use of a two-tier early intervention model in which first the alphabet principle is taught and applied and then the following year children…
Descriptors: Alphabets, Early Intervention, Learning Problems, Primary Education
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Graham, Steve; Harris, Karen R.; Fink, Barbara – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2000
Examines the contribution of handwriting to learning to write in an experimental training study. First-grade children experiencing handwriting and writing difficulties participated in sessions designed to improve accuracy and fluency of their handwriting. In comparison to their peers in a control condition, participating students made greater…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Handwriting, High Risk Students, Influences
Graham, Steve; Donaldson, Joe – 1996
The new American College Testing (ACT) College Outcomes Survey was used with a national sample of 9,348 undergraduate students to evaluate the effects of college on the personal and social self-concept of students. About one-third of the sample were over age 26. Outcomes for adult learners were compared with those of younger students. An "index of…
Descriptors: Adult Development, Adult Students, Comparative Analysis, Educational Experience
Graham, Steve; Donaldson, Joe – 1997
The new ACT College Outcomes Survey was used with a national sample of 9,348 undergraduate students to evaluate the effects of the college environment on academic and intellectual development. It compared the outcomes for adult learners with those for younger students. An index score was created that considered both the progress the students…
Descriptors: Adult Students, Career Development, Colleges, Comparative Analysis
Harris, Karen R.; Graham, Steve – 1984
The study investigated whether a self control strategy training procedure was effective in improving compositions of two 12-year-old learning disabled students. Effects of training on three objective aspects of compositions (number of different action words, action helpers, and describing words) were investigated using a multiple baseline across…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Generalization, Learning Disabilities, Self Control
Graham, Steve; Dwyer, Ann – 1987
This investigation sought to determine the extent to which examiners' evaluations of writing performance were influenced by the learning disability label and to identify mediating variables which modify expectancy effects. Forty-four preservice regular education teachers were randomly assigned to one of two expectancy conditions (learning-disabled…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Evaluation Problems, Expectation, Interrater Reliability
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