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Darling-Hammond, Linda; And Others – 1992
This monograph examines issues that will shape teacher education programs in the future. Following a foreword by Robert M. McClure, the monograph is organized into three chapters. The first, "Perestroika and Professionalism: The Case for Restructuring Teacher Preparation" (Linda Darling-Hammond), focuses on changes wrought by school…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educationally Disadvantaged
Sclan, Eileen; Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1992
This report examines recent trends in the establishment of state-level policies for beginning teacher evaluation and supervision. The state role in defining the experiences and clinical preparation of beginning teachers increased substantially during the 1980s; there are, however, important differences in how states approach this responsibility.…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Performance Factors
Darling-Hammond, Linda; Hudson, Lisa – 1989
Many reports have pointed to the need to improve the quality of mathematics and science teaching in schools in the United States and to alleviate the shortage of qualified teachers. A policy focus on the teaching force is reinforced by the fact that the ability of the United States to compete in an increasingly technological world economy depends…
Descriptors: Demand Occupations, Educational Improvement, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Science
Darling-Hammond, Linda; Ascher, Carol – 1991
The urgent need to improve big city schools has been a powerful incentive to adopt accountability systems. The following types of accountability systems may exist alongside each other: (1) political; (2) legal; (3) bureaucratic; (4) professional; and (5) market. Bureaucratic accountability is a "top down" system that holds teachers…
Descriptors: Accountability, Educational Indicators, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria
Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1985
Data about teachers and about the content and methods of teaching are most critical to understanding the conditions of education. Spotty evidence about two recent trends have produced a waft of legislation concerning teacher education, certification, and compensation across the United States. The first consists of data suggesting that the academic…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Research Needs
Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1985
This report attempts to remedy the neglect of educational equality in recent educational reports by discussing both the educational status of black Americans and recent policy trends as they affect black students. Following an overview, trends in income and employment, family characteristics, and the degree of social mobility are discussed as a…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Standards, Access to Education, Black Students
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Policy, 1992
Examines the use of educational indicators to serve educational policy ends, the potential benefits and dangers of various uses, and how to forge guidelines for appropriate relationships between indicators and policy. Indicators should not be used as administrative controls or policy levers, but to illuminate educational activities and processes…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Decision Making, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
Darling-Hammond, Linda – School Administrator, 1992
Highly prescriptive curriculum, testing, and teacher evaluation policies, such as those in New York State, actually impede teachers from teaching responsibly and effectively. These policies insist that teachers demonstrate a set of uniform behaviors unrelated to effective teaching for particular students. To work toward a new reform paradigm,…
Descriptors: Democratic Values, Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Wise, Arthur E.; Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Leadership, 1985
The rewards and sanctions accompanying performance-based pay and promotion programs will not be valued or given credibility as long as teacher evaluations are not approached professionally. The effect of treating teachers as bureaucrats or professionals, the limits of bureaucratic evaluation, and the demands of professional evaluation are…
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Credibility, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Miles, Karen Hawley; Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 1998
Describes five case studies of high-performing public schools that have organized professional resources in innovative ways. Outlines principles of successful resource allocation. Presents a framework and methodology for examining a school's current use of resources. (MAK)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Resources, Elementary Secondary Education, Program Implementation
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Phi Delta Kappan, 1996
The National Commission on Teaching and America's Future concluded that reforming education hinges on restructuring the teaching profession. Major barriers include inadequate teacher education, slipshod recruitment, haphazard hiring and induction, inadequate professional development and recognition, and failure-prone schools. The commission…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Guidelines, Higher Education, Professional Development
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Researcher, 1996
Argues that education must include nurturing the student's spirit in order to educate the student for a democratic life. Why such an education is difficult to provide, the challenges faced in providing it, and the contributions research has made are discussed. Further discussed is an agenda for research, practice, and policy, and some important…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Policy, 1997
Most schools and teachers cannot provide the kind of teaching the new standards demand because they lack know-how and organizational support. The policy challenge ahead is to develop schools' capacity to teach challenging content to diverse learners by ensuring teachers' access to knowledge they need to be effective and by developing new…
Descriptors: Diversity (Student), Educational Change, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Principal, 1997
A National Commission on Teaching and America's Future report argues that every child deserves a caring, competent, and qualified teacher and every teacher deserves high-quality preparation and professional development. Five major reform areas include professional standards, redesigned training and professional development, aggressive recruitment…
Descriptors: Administrator Qualifications, Elementary Education, National Standards, Networks
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Phi Delta Kappan, 1998
Del Schalock, Mark Schalock, and David Myton suggest that the education profession is stuck on an "input" teacher-assessment approach that fails to consider effects on student learning. They offer the Oregon Work Sampling Methodology as an exemplary alternative to portfolios and performance assessments. Although the Oregon WSM is a…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Performance Based Assessment
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