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Booth, Rhonda D. L.; Happé, Francesca G. E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Frith's original notion of 'weak central coherence' suggested that increased local processing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) resulted from reduced global processing. More recent accounts have emphasised superior local perception and suggested intact global integration. However, tasks often place local and global processing in direct trade-off,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes, Intelligence Quotient
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van Duijvenbode, Neomi; Didden, Robert; VanDerNagel, Joanne E. L.; Korzilius, Hubert P. L. M.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E. – Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 2018
We examined cognitive deficits in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID). Problematic drinkers were expected to show a significantly lower estimated performance IQ (PIQ), but not a lower estimated verbal IQ (VIQ), compared to light drinkers. Participants (N = 474) were divided into four groups based…
Descriptors: Mild Intellectual Disability, Alcohol Abuse, Foreign Countries, Adults
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van Duijvenbode, Neomi; Didden, Robert; VanDerNagel, Joanne E. L.; Korzilius, Hubert P. L. M.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E. – Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2018
Background: The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between drinking motives and interpretation bias (interpreting ambiguous stimuli in an alcohol-related way) in problematic drinkers with and without mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID). Method: Participants (N = 178) were divided into 4 groups based on severity of…
Descriptors: Correlation, Drinking, Alcohol Abuse, Individual Differences
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Flensborg-Madsen, Trine; Mortensen, Erik Lykke – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Few studies have investigated associations of milestone development in early childhood with intelligence in adulthood in typically developing children. The current study is an extension of 2 previous studies on smaller samples and investigated associations of age at attainment of 32 developmental milestones attained between 0 and 3 years of age…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Adults, Intelligence, Intelligence Tests
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Black, Jo; Williams, David; Ferguson, Heather J. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2018
Two experiments are presented that explore online counterfactual processing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using eye-tracking. Participants' eye movements were tracked while they read factual and counterfactual sentences in an anomaly detection task. In Experiment 1, the sentences depicted everyday counterfactual situations (e.g., "If…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements, Task Analysis
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DuPaul, George J.; Franklin, Melanie K.; Pollack, Brittany L.; Stack, Kristen S.; Jaffe, Aliza R.; Gormley, Matthew J.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Weyandt, Lisa L. – Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, 2018
College students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk than peers for impaired educational functioning; however, little is known regarding their longitudinal academic outcomes. This study examined: (a) differences between ADHD and control participants in academic outcomes (i.e., semester GPA, credits attempted,…
Descriptors: College Students, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, At Risk Students, Control Groups
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Gaskins, Casey; Jaekel, Brittany N.; Gordon-Salant, Sandra; Goupell, Matthew J.; Anderson, Samira – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: As pulse rate increases beyond a few hundred Hertz, younger normal-hearing (NH) participants' ability to encode temporal information in band-limited acoustic pulse trains decreases, demonstrating a rate limitation in processing rapid temporal information. Rate discrimination abilities, however, have yet to be investigated in older NH…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Auditory Discrimination, Acoustics, Older Adults
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Helles, Adam; Gillberg, I. Carina; Gillberg, Christopher; Billstedt, Eva – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2017
This study examined objective quality of life (work, academic success, living situation, relationships, support system) and subjective quality of life (Sense of Coherence and Short-Form Health Survey-36) in an adult sample of males (n = 50, mean age: 30 years) with Asperger syndrome diagnosed in childhood and followed prospectively over two…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Males, Quality of Life, Clinical Diagnosis
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Aiello, Rachel; Ruble, Lisa; Esler, Amy – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2017
This study aimed to better understand predictors of evidence-based assessment practices for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Nationwide, 402 school psychologists were surveyed for their knowledge of and training and experience with ASD on assessment practices, including reported areas of training needs. The majority of school psychologists reported…
Descriptors: School Psychologists, National Surveys, Evidence Based Practice, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Peters, Sabine; Van der Meulen, Mara; Zanolie, Kiki; Crone, Eveline A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Although many studies use feedback learning paradigms to study the process of learning in laboratory settings, little is known about their relevance for real-world learning settings such as school. In a large developmental sample (N = 228, 8-25 years), we investigated whether performance and neural activity during a feedback learning task…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Samara, Anna; Caravolas, Markéta – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Potential implicit orthographic learning deficits were investigated in adults with dyslexia. An artificial grammar learning paradigm served to assess dyslexic and typical readers' ability to exploit information about chunk frequency, letter-position patterns, and specific string similarity, all of which have analogous constructs in real…
Descriptors: Adults, Dyslexia, Orthographic Symbols, Memorization
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Moss, Philippa; Mandy, William; Howlin, Patricia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The WHO Quality of Life-Brief questionnaire was used to assess quality of life (QoL) among 52 adults with autism (mean age 49 years) followed-up since childhood. Overall, assessments of QOL were more positive than measures of objective social outcome (jobs, independence, relationships etc.) but correlations between caregiver and self-reports were…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questionnaires
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Jones, Catherine R. G.; Lambrechts, Anna; Gaigg, Sebastian B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Establishing whether implicit responses to emotional cues are intact in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to ascertaining why their emotional understanding is compromised. We used a temporal bisection task to assess for responsiveness to face and wildlife images that varied in emotional salience. There were no significant differences…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Time
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Lovett, Benjamin J.; Lewandowski, Lawrence J.; Potts, Heather E. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2017
Students often feel time pressure when taking tests, and students with disabilities are sometimes given extended time testing accommodations, but little research has been done on the factors that affect students' test-taking speed. In the present study, 253 students at two colleges completed measures of processing speed, reading fluency, and…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Test Wiseness, Reading Skills, Standardized Tests
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Van Der Steen, Steffie; Samuelson, Dianne; Thomson, Jennifer M. – Written Communication, 2017
This study addresses the current debate about the beneficial effects of text processing software on students with different working memory (WM) during the process of academic writing, especially with regard to the ability to display higher-level conceptual thinking. A total of 54 graduate students (15 male, 39 female) wrote one essay by hand and…
Descriptors: Word Processing, Keyboarding (Data Entry), Writing (Composition), Educational Benefits
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