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Kosko Karl W.; Singh, Rashmi – Journal of Mathematics Education at Teachers College, 2018
Multiplicative reasoning is a key concept in elementary school mathematics. Item statistics reported by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) assessment provide the best current indicator for how well elementary students across the U.S. understand this, and other concepts. However, beyond expert reviews and statistical analysis,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Numeracy, Mathematics Tests
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Sylvan, Lesley – Educational Policy, 2018
This research contrasts two urban school districts that serve similar populations yet vary notably with respect to the provision of speech and language services. The results suggest that variation in the provision of speech-language services is driven by district-level variations in budgetary and legal contexts as well as procedural differences.…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Districts, Urban Population, Language Impairments
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Harbour, Kristin E.; Adelson, Jill L.; Pittard, Caroline M.; Karp, Karen S. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Using restricted-use data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress mathematics assessment, the current study examined the relationship between the presence of elementary mathematics coaches and specialists (MCSs) and the mathematics achievement of more than 190,000 fourth-grade students in more than 7,400 schools nationwide. In…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Instruction, Academic Achievement, National Competency Tests
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Kolbe, Tammy; Jorgenson, Simon – Elementary School Journal, 2018
For 2 decades, science teachers have been encouraged to orient their instruction around the practices of scientific inquiry; however, it is unclear whether teachers have the knowledge and skills to do so. In this study, we draw upon data from the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress to examine the extent to which eighth-grade science…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Science Teachers, Science Instruction, Inquiry
Petrova, Kitchka – ProQuest LLC, 2018
The Race to the Top (RTTT) federal grant program was an initiative that targeted improving Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education. However, the evaluation of the program reported only student outcomes for mathematics and reading/language arts. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of RTTT program on…
Descriptors: Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Federal Programs
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Xu, Lihua; Diket, Read; Brewer, Thomas – Arts Education Policy Review, 2018
This article describes a secondary analysis of the National Assessment of Educational Progress 2008 eighth-grade visual arts data (N = 3,912). These assessments occur under government mandate on a periodic schedule and data on the arts were collected in 1997 and again in 2008. The purpose of this study was to predict students' visual art response…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Academic Achievement, Least Squares Statistics, Structural Equation Models
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Foreman-Murray, Lindsay; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Student explanations of their mathematical thinking and conclusions have become a greater part of the assessment landscape in recent years. With a sample of 71 4th-grade students at-risk for mathematics learning disabilities, we investigated the relation between student accuracy in comparing the magnitude of fractions and the quality of students'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
Hedger, Joseph – National Association of State Boards of Education, 2018
When the 2017 National Assessment of Educational Progress was released earlier this year, most states learned that their average scores in grades 4 and 8 reading and mathematics remained relatively flat since 2015. More troubling though, students performing at the lowest 10th and 25th percentiles saw a decline in their scores. To confront this…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Growth Models, Low Achievement, Accountability
Achieve, Inc., 2018
In today's economy, preparation for career or college is essential. Yet too few students graduate with the knowledge or skills to directly enter college or a career. The time students spend in on-the-job training or catching up in remedial courses cost students and their families more both in time and money. Many of these students are caught off…
Descriptors: State Standards, Achievement Gap, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
Yaluma, Christopher B.; Tyner, Adam – Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2018
In 2018, the United States continues to see wide and worrying achievement gaps among student groups, despite decades of programs and policies meant to narrow them. Many factors inside and outside the education system contribute to these gaps, but researchers have consistently shown that black, Hispanic, and low-income students tend to enter school…
Descriptors: Grade 4, National Competency Tests, Academic Achievement, Poverty
Nargi, Rossana – ProQuest LLC, 2018
There is a broad consensus across the political spectrum on the need for K-12 education reform. The Obama administration focused on early childhood programs, common standards, charter schools, and more effective teachers. As school districts align curriculum and teaching practices with common core standards, standards-based mathematics programs…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Curriculum, Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement
Cass, Oren – Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, 2018
America's education system, from kindergarten through the state university, is designed to produce college graduates. Those who stop short of at least a community-college diploma are widely regarded as failures, or at least victims of a failed system. Yet most Americans fall into this category, and current trends offer little hope for improvement.…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Educational Change, College Attendance, Dropouts
Tennessee Higher Education Commission, 2018
The "Annual Joint Report of Pre-Kindergarten through Higher Education in Tennessee" complies with the requirements established in T.C.A. § 49-1-302(a)(10). State law directs the State Board of Education (SBE) and the Tennessee Higher Education Commission (THEC) to provide an annual report to the Governor, the General Assembly, all public…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Public Education
Li, Dan – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Several national and international studies have indicated that there is an achievement gap between student literary reading and student informational reading, with the gap favoring literary reading. One plausible explanation for this gap is that reading informational text has been neglected in early grades in the U.S. (Dreher, 2003; Kletzien &…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Reading Tests, Reading Achievement
DeAngelis, Corey A.; Wolf, Patrick J.; Maloney, Larry D.; May, Jay F. – School Choice Demonstration Project, 2018
In 2013-14, the United States spent over $630 billion on its public education system in hopes of providing children with greater opportunities to excel academically and improve their life trajectories. While public education dollars have risen at a relatively fast pace historically, education policymakers and practitioners should be seeking to…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, Urban Schools, Productivity, Cost Effectiveness
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