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Cummins, Phyllis A.; Yamashita, Takashi; Millar, Roberto J.; Sahoo, Shalini – Grantee Submission, 2019
Automation and advanced technologies have increased the need for a better understanding of the skills necessary to have a globally competitive workforce. This study used data from the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies to compare problem solving skills in technology rich environments among adults in South Korea,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Global Approach, Employment Qualifications, Problem Solving
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Alqassab, Maryam; Strijbos, Jan-Willem; Ufer, Stefan – Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2019
Peer feedback is increasingly used to train assessment skills in teacher-training programs. However, studies investigating the roles of peer feedback providers' beliefs about peer feedback provision, their perceptions of their peer feedback message and their experienced emotions are still limited. This study aimed to explore how peer feedback…
Descriptors: Secondary Education, Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Teachers, Mathematics Instruction
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Tamasi, Katalin; McKean, Christina; Gafos, Adamantios; Hohle, Barbara – Journal of Child Language, 2019
In a preferential looking paradigm, we studied how children's looking behavior and pupillary response were modulated by the degree of phonological mismatch between the correct label of a target referent and its manipulated form. We manipulated degree of mismatch by introducing one or more featural changes to the target label. Both looking behavior…
Descriptors: Phonology, Child Language, Preferences, Child Behavior
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Zemp, Martina; Johnson, Matthew D.; Bodenmann, Guy – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Parental conflict is a well-established predictor of child maladjustment. Most research, however, has not considered how the couple's positivity-negativity interaction ratio (i.e., the ability to compensate for negative behaviors with positive) may be linked with child adjustment. We examined interparental positivity-negativity interaction ratios…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Children, Behavior Problems, Child Behavior
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Gummer, Tobias; Roßmann, Joss – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
Propensity score weighting often is used to correct for attrition biases in panel surveys. While methodological literature exists on the logic of propensity score weighting and its practical applications, an in-depth discussion is lacking on the effects of using this weighting to correct for attrition biases in attitudinal, behavioral, and…
Descriptors: Attrition (Research Studies), Bias, Probability, Attitudes
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Kachel, Ulrike; Tomasello, Michael – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The problem with collaboration is that there are temptations to defect. Explicit joint commitments are designed to mitigate some of the risks, but people also feel committed to others implicitly when they both know together that they each hold the other's fate in their hands. In the current study, pairs of 3-year-old and 5-year-old children (N =…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Cooperation, Persistence, Resistance (Psychology)
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Merrem, Anne M.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew D. – European Physical Education Review, 2019
Studies of prospective physical education teachers' (PPETs') acculturation have been useful in terms of facilitating the development of effective physical education teacher education (PETE) programmes because they provide teacher education faculty with a description of incoming recruits' values and beliefs and an understanding of how these values…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Education Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Foreign Countries
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Düsing, Katharina; Asshoff, Roman; Hammann, Marcus – Journal of Biological Education, 2019
This study investigates students' conceptions of the carbon cycle with regard to the components they believe to be relevant to the carbon cycle, how they interrelate these components, the ways in which they trace carbon atoms, and the different levels of biological organisation they consider when doing so. A total of 142 students aged 13-16 years…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10
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Andrietti, Vincenzo; Su, Xuejuan – Education Economics, 2019
We propose a theory of education curricula as horizontally differentiated by their paces. The pace of a curriculum and the preparedness of a student jointly determine the match quality of the curriculum for this student, so different students derive different benefits from learning under the same curriculum. Furthermore, a change in the curricular…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Design, Educational Change, Educational Quality
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Mandel, Philipp; Süssmuth, Bernd; Sunder, Marco – Education Economics, 2019
This study uses a newly compiled data set of instructional time and student performance by subject across German federal states for student cohorts enrolled at the primary level in the 1990s and tested at the secondary level in the 2000s. It finds evidence for the school inputs-student achievement relationship, taking nonlinearity,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students, Time on Task
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Herber, Stefanie P.; Kalinowski, Michael – Education Economics, 2019
We estimate the percentage of eligible students who do not take up their federal need-based student financial aid entitlements in a microsimulation model for the German Socio-Economic Panel Study 2002--2013. We find that about 40% of the eligible low-income students do not take up their entitlements. Non-take-up is inversely and rather…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Financial Aid, Low Income, Eligibility
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Schmalz, Xenia; Moll, Kristina; Mulatti, Claudio; Schulte-Körne, Gerd – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
Previous studies found a relationship between performance on statistical learning (SL) tasks and reading ability and developmental dyslexia. Thus, it has been suggested that the ability to implicitly learn patterns may be important for reading acquisition. Causal mechanisms behind this relationship are unclear: Although orthographic sensitivity to…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Reading Ability, Adults, Correlation
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Undorf, Monika; Zimdahl, Malte F. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2019
Words printed in a larger 48-point font are judged to be more memorable than words printed in a smaller 18-point font, although font size does not affect actual memory. To clarify the basis of this font size effect on metamemory and memory, 4 experiments investigated how presenting words in 48 (Experiment 1) or 4 (Experiments 2 to 4) font sizes…
Descriptors: Memory, Metacognition, Printed Materials, Layout (Publications)
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Schneider, Sascha; Häßler, Alexandra; Habermeyer, Tanja; Beege, Maik; Rey, Günter Daniel – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
The inclusion of human-like shapes like arms or faces in rather abstract pictures triggers the tendency of anthropomorphism, which is defined as the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman objects. Anthropomorphism-triggering features in digital learning materials were found to enhance the performance of students. However, the probability…
Descriptors: Instructional Materials, Prior Learning, Age Differences, Cognitive Processes
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Daumiller, Martin; Dickhäuser, Oliver; Dresel, Markus – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Achievement goals of university instructors for teaching were examined. We investigated the structure of these goals, the stability of this structure across different groups of instructors, and the relations of these goals to teaching-related outcomes. Achievement goals, positive affect, attitudes toward help, and self-reported teaching quality…
Descriptors: College Faculty, Goal Orientation, Teacher Effectiveness, Foreign Countries
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