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Journal of School Health3260
Showing 136 to 150 of 3,260 results Save | Export
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Au, Lauren E.; Crawford, Patricia B.; Woodward-Lopez, Gail; Gurzo, Klara; Kao, Janice; Webb, Karen L.; Ritchie, Lorrene D. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Our objective was to examine the association between school wellness committees and implementation of nutrition wellness policies and children's weight status and obesity-related dietary outcomes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted of 4790 children aged 4-15 years recruited from 130 communities in the Healthy Communities…
Descriptors: Wellness, Correlation, Committees, Nutrition
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Fink, Dale B.; Ramstetter, Catherine L. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The withholding of recess for disciplinary purposes has been acknowledged but studied on a limited basis. The perspectives of children have not been heard at all on this subject. Methods: Our paper draws upon semistructured child interviews, which were one activity within a multifaceted study. A subset of students was interviewed about…
Descriptors: Recess Breaks, Discipline, Student Attitudes, Teacher Behavior
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Kranjac, Ashley W. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Embedded within children's weight trajectories are complex environmental contexts that influence obesity risk. As such, the normative environment of body mass index (BMI) within schools may influence children's weight trajectories as they age from kindergarten to fifth grade. Methods: I use 5 waves of the ECLS-K--Kindergarten Class…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Body Weight, Intervention, Obesity
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Acton, Rachel B.; Nguyen, Nghia; Minaker, Leia M. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Limited evidence exists on effects of school-based nutrition policies. This study explored the influence of mandatory versus voluntary provincial school nutrition policies on student eating behaviors. Methods: A cross-sectional, school-based survey assessed student eating behaviors using self-report survey measures in a representative…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Policy, Nutrition, Eating Habits
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Estevan, Isaac; Queralt, Ana; Molina-García, Javier – Journal of School Health, 2018
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to: (1) describe modes of transport to school, with a specific focus on the use of public bicycle share programs (PBSP); and (2) assess sociodemographic, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of bike and PBSP use to go to school. METHODS: A group of 465 adolescents from the International Physical…
Descriptors: Transportation, Correlation, Adolescents, Physical Activities
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Holt, Melissa; Espelage, Dorothy; Van Ryzin, Mark; Bowman, Chelsey – Journal of School Health, 2018
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that victimization exposures are associated with sexual risk-taking behaviors, but there is a relative lack of research on the relation between peer victimization and sexual risk taking among adolescents. This study fills this gap through examining how bullying, cyberbullying, and dating violence victimization at…
Descriptors: Victims, Bullying, Peer Groups, Correlation
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Nakamura, Daisuke; Ogawa, Masato; Nakamura, Teruhiko; Izawa, Kazuhiro P. – Journal of School Health, 2018
BACKGROUND: Low-functional health literacy (HL) of parents influences poor child health outcomes. This study aimed to assess the relationship between comprehensive HL of parents and body mass index (BMI) of their children. METHODS: We enrolled 3- to 6-year-old preschool-aged children and their parents in this multicenter cross-sectional cohort…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Parent Influence, Child Health, Body Height
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Brazendale, Keith; Beets, Michael W.; Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle M.; Kaczynski, Andrew T.; Pate, Russell R.; Weaver, Robert G. – Journal of School Health, 2018
BACKGROUND: Evidence consistently shows children in the United States gain 3 to 5 times more weight during summer vacation (~2.5 months) compared to the 9-month school year. The purpose of this study is to examine within-child differences in 4 obesogenic behaviors (physical activity [PA], sedentary/screen-time, diet, and sleep) during school…
Descriptors: Child Health, Body Weight, Obesity, Health Behavior
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Lambrinou, Christina-Paulina; van Stralen, Maartje M.; Androutsos, Odysseas; Moreno, Luis A.; Iotova, Violeta; Socha, Piotr; Koletzko, Berthold; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Manios, Yannis – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The ToyBox-intervention has increased preschool children's water consumption. This study aimed to examine if family-related determinants mediate the effects of the ToyBox-intervention on preschoolers' water consumption. Methods: Overall, 6290 preschoolers and their families from 6 European countries participated in the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Preschool Children, Water, Program Effectiveness
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Bugbee, Brittany A.; Beck, Kenneth H.; Fryer, Craig S.; Arria, Amelia M. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Substance use is prevalent and is associated with academic performance among adolescents. Few studies have examined the association between abstinence from all substances and academic achievement. Methods: Data from a nationally representative sample of 9578 12th graders from the 2015 Monitoring the Future survey were analyzed to…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Academic Achievement, Correlation, Grade 12
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Bersamin, Melina; Coulter, Robert W. S.; Gaarde, Jenna; Garbers, Samantha; Mair, Christina; Santelli, John – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Improvements in health behaviors and academic outcomes have been associated with school-based health centers (SBHCs). However, underlying mechanisms for these associations have been largely unexamined, particularly among lower-income youth. The current study examines the relationship between SBHCs and school connectedness and whether…
Descriptors: School Health Services, Socioeconomic Status, High School Students, Student School Relationship
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Sharma, Shreela V.; Chuang, Ru-Jye; Byrd-Williams, Courtney; Vandewater, Elizabeth; Butte, Nancy; Hoelscher, Deanna M. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Through the Texas Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration study, we implemented and evaluated a system-oriented model of primary and secondary prevention approaches to mitigate obesity among low-income Texas children aged 2 to 12 years. Primary prevention included implementing the Coordinated Approach To Child Health Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Obesity, Health Promotion, Prevention, Program Implementation
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Kahan, David; McKenzie, Thomas L. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We assessed the associations of 5 school and 7 neighborhood variables with fifth-grade students achieving Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) or Needs Improvement-Health Risk (NI-HR) on aerobic capacity (AC) and body composition (BC) physical fitness components of the state-mandated FITNESSGRAM® physical fitness test. Methods: Data for outcome…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Risk, Body Composition, Tests
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Zahnd, Whitney E.; Smith, Tracey; Ryherd, Susan J.; Cleer, Melissa; Rogers, Valerie; Steward, David E. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Schools may be an effective avenue for interventions that prevent childhood obesity. "I am Moving I am Learning/Choosy Kids"© (IMIL/CK) is a curriculum recommended by Head Start (HS) for education in nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle habits. Methods: We formed an academic-community partnership (ACP), the…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Physical Activities, Community Involvement, Partnerships in Education
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Lowry, Richard; Robin, Leah; Kann, Laura – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Previous research on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors has not examined the effect of forced sexual intercourse on those associations. Methods: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of 19,240 high school students in the United States, age =16 years, to describe the effect of…
Descriptors: Sexuality, High School Students, Late Adolescents, Health Behavior
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