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RP Group, 2019
With support from the California Community College Chancellor's Office, the MMAP Research Team, a team of The Research and Planning Group for California Community Colleges (RP Group) conducted a literature review on various assessment measures used for English as a Second Language (ESL) programs to explore effective assessment methods including…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Student Evaluation, Evaluation Methods
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Nuttall, Lee – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2019
This report discusses why Japan continues to struggle with and appears on the surface to be reluctant to embrace the English language as a medium to conduct business and indeed tourism as opposed to their South East Asian neighbours. The topics covered were the historical context of Japan's isolationist policy, Japan's educational system, and…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Salimi, Esmaeel Ali; Mirian, Elham Sadat – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2019
This mix-method research attempts at extending our knowledge about the impact of L1 glossing (Persian) for abstract words on reading comprehension in English. It also examines learners' attitudes towards abstract glossed words while engaged in reading. Sixty students in Iranian language institutes were recruited to participate in the quantitative…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, Reading Comprehension
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Mesgarshahr, Abulfazl; Alavi, Seyyed Mohammad – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2019
This study presents empirical evidence for the hypothesis that reading purpose may impact upon the cognitive processes that L2 readers use in comprehending a text. 25 advanced learners of English were put into two purpose groups--testing condition (TC) and learning condition (LC). The participants in the TC read two expository passages and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Reading Comprehension, Reading Tests, Second Language Learning
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Toker, Deniz – TESL-EJ, 2019
The central purpose of this paper is to examine validity problems arising from the multiple-choice items and technical passages in the Test of English as a Foreign Language Internet-based Test (TOEFL iBT) reading section, primarily concentrating on construct-irrelevant variance (Messick, 1989). My personal TOEFL iBT experience, along with my…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Computer Assisted Testing
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Zimmermann, Judith; von Davier, Alina A.; Buhmann, Joachim M.; Heinimann, Hans R. – European Journal of Engineering Education, 2018
Graduate admission has become a critical process in tertiary education, whereby selecting valid admissions instruments is key. This study assessed the validity of Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test scores for admission to Master's programmes at a technical university in Europe. We investigated the indicative value of GRE scores for the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Entrance Examinations, Graduate Study, Language Tests
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O'Dwyer, John; Kantarcioglu, Elif; Thomas, Carole – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
This study reports on an investigation of the predictive validity of the TOEFL iBT®test in an English-medium institution (EMI) in a non-target-language context, namely, Turkey. The relationship between TOEFL iBT scores and academic performance was explored in a cohort of 286 undergraduate students, as was the TOEFL iBT's relationship with an…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Computer Assisted Testing, Grade Point Average, Language of Instruction
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Cotos, Elena; Chung, Yoo-Ree – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
In the past 2 decades, there has been an increasing tendency to use scores from the "TOEFL iBT"® Speaking test for decisions regarding the certification of international graduate students as teaching assistants at North American universities. To obtain validity evidence in support of the usefulness of the speaking scores for this…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Test Interpretation
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Manna, Venessa; Yoo, Hanwook; Monfils, Lora – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
In this study, we assessed the invariance in the factor structure underlying English-language proficiency for two groups of adolescent learners in Japan: students in middle school (ages 13-15 years) and students in high school (ages 16-18 years). Language proficiency was measured using the "TOEFL Junior"® Comprehensive test, an…
Descriptors: Testing, Language Tests, English (Second Language), Performance
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Golubovich, Juliya; Tolentino, Florencia; Papageorgiou, Spiros – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
In this study, 249 users of the "TOEFL ITP"® assessment series (e.g., admissions officers, English-language teachers, academic staff) in Japan, Mexico, and Indonesia were surveyed about their uses and opinions of TOEFL ITP scores, followed by in-depth interviews with 21 of these users. Overall, the most common use of the test was as an…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Language Teachers
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Shabani, Karim – Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, 2018
The present study was designed to test a group-based format of dynamic assessment (G-DA) in the context of writing over a time span of twelve weeks of instruction. A cohort of 60 students took a homogeneity test and based on the results, 44 students were selected to participate forming the two groups of experimental (N = 22) and control (N = 22).…
Descriptors: Group Dynamics, Cohort Analysis, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
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Yashima, Tomoko; MacIntyre, Peter D.; Ikeda, Maiko – Language Teaching Research, 2018
Recently, situated willingness to communicate (WTC) has received increasing research attention in addition to traditional quantitative studies of trait-like WTC. This article is an addition to the former but unique in two ways. First, it investigates both trait and state WTC in a classroom context and explores ways to combine the two to reach a…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction, College Students
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Liu, Ren; Huggins-Manley, Anne Corinne; Bulut, Okan – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Developing a diagnostic tool within the diagnostic measurement framework is the optimal approach to obtain multidimensional and classification-based feedback on examinees. However, end users may seek to obtain diagnostic feedback from existing item responses to assessments that have been designed under either the classical test theory or item…
Descriptors: Models, Item Response Theory, Psychometrics, Test Construction
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Kyle, Kristopher; Crossley, Scott A. – Modern Language Journal, 2018
Syntactic complexity is an important measure of second language (L2) writing proficiency (Larsen--Freeman, 1978; Lu, 2011). Large-grained indices such as the mean length of T-unit (MLTU) have been used with the most consistency in L2 writing studies (Ortega, 2003). Recently, indices such as MLTU have been criticized, both for the difficulty in…
Descriptors: Syntax, English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning
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Staples, Shelley; Biber, Douglas; Reppen, Randi – Modern Language Journal, 2018
One of the central considerations in the validity argument for the TOEFL iBT is the relationship between the language on the exam and the language required for university courses. Corpus linguistics has recently been shown to be an effective way to explore this relationship, which can also be considered as an aspect of authenticity. Applying…
Descriptors: Computational Linguistics, Computer Assisted Testing, English (Second Language), Language Tests
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