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Harry, Beth; Klingner,Janette – Educational Leadership, 2007
The main criterion for eligibility for special education services in schools has been proof of intrinsic deficit. There are two problems with this focus: First, defining and identifying high-incidence disabilities are ambiguous and subjective processes. Second, the focus on disability has become so intertwined with the historical devaluing of…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Minority Groups, Special Education, African American Students
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Sideridis, Georgios D. – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2007
This special issue deals with the identification and remediation criteria/practices employed in several countries regarding learning disabilities (LD). An analysis of the identification criteria suggests that most countries follow early law mandates of the United States (e.g., PL 94-142) regarding the definition of the disorder and use the…
Descriptors: Identification, Remedial Instruction, Learning Disabilities, International Studies
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2007
Congress enacted the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (Public Law 94-142), in 1975, to support states and localities in protecting the rights of, meeting the individual needs of, and improving the results for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities and their families. Since the passage of Public Law 94-142, significant…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Disabilities, Equal Education, Educational Quality
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Vesely, Randall S.; Crampton, Faith E. – Multicultural Learning and Teaching, 2007
The challenges in improving and sustaining success of children from multicultural backgrounds with disabilities in urban school districts manifest themselves in the contextual dynamics of legal, accountability, demographic, and fiscal terrains. Within each of these areas, educational leaders must solve existing problems of underservicing,…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Disabilities, Educational Legislation, Educational Quality
Johnson, E.; Mellard, D. F. – National Research Center on Learning Disabilities, 2006
The National Research Center on Learning Disabilities produced this guide to assist state education agencies in working through the many issues associated with developing specific learning disability (SLD) identification policies and procedures. An introductory section describes current understanding of the issues surrounding SLD identification,…
Descriptors: State Departments of Education, Identification, Evaluation Methods, Summative Evaluation
Copenhaver, John – Mountain Plains Regional Resource Center (MPRRC), 2006
Since the Education for All Handicapped Children Act now known as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2004 was first passed, states have been required to make available to students with disabilities a free appropriate public education (FAPE) in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE). The LRE standard that each school district…
Descriptors: Related Services (Special Education), Educational Environment, Special Education, Special Classes
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Koch, Kourtland R. – TEACHING Exceptional Children Plus, 2006
A college professor relates his experiences of being diagnosed with learning disabilities while in high school, which affected his education, eventually making possible doctoral degree attainment. As a special education teacher and school psychologist, he cites the challenge of meeting post-secondary obstacles in transition planning for students…
Descriptors: Mentors, School Psychologists, Learning Disabilities, Learning Strategies
Misra, Sunil – Project Forum, 2006
When Congress passed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in 1997, it authorized an evaluation to track progress at the state and local levels on the legislative goals of IDEA. The U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) commissioned a national longitudinal study, the Study of State and Local…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Disabilities, Special Education, Federal Legislation
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Obi, Sunday O. – Educational Considerations, 2006
For many ethnically diverse students with learning disabilities, participation in postsecondary education is necessary. However, to achieve this goal, a comprehensive transition planning is essential. As a consequence, postsecondary personnel must collaborate with others to ensure nondiscriminatory but sensible treatment of ethnically diverse…
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), College Students, Ethnic Diversity, Learning Disabilities
Adams, Helen R. – School Library Media Activities Monthly, 2006
Today, federal laws often seem like an alphabet soup with acronyms like CIPA (Children's Internet Protection Act), CTEA (Copyright Term Extension Act), ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act), IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act), YMCA (Digital Millennium Copyright Act), and NC LB (No Child Left Behind). These letters stand for federal…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Copyrights, Disabilities, School Libraries
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Fish, Wade W. – Education, 2006
This case study investigated parental perceptions of students with autism towards the IEP meeting from one family support group chapter in the north Texas area. Participants were asked to share their experiences of previous IEP meetings and to provide input regarding not only measures that school districts may take towards improving IEP meetings,…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Special Education, School Districts, Family Programs
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Harper, Elaine – Reclaiming Children and Youth: The Journal of Strength-based Interventions, 2006
Effective teams are essential components of successful interventions and programming for troubled and troubling youth. This article draws from literature that can inform our practices about team effectiveness and team learning to maximize positive outcomes.
Descriptors: Intervention, Learning, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Effectiveness
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Gomm, Andy – Journal of Early Intervention, 2006
Comments on an article by Dunst and Bruder. Twenty years ago, amendments to the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P.L. 99-457, 1986) included language that required each state early intervention system to ensure that families had access to a case manager. The article by the authors and the study conducted as part of the Research and…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Models, State Agencies, Family Needs
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Ginger, Jan – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2006
Secondary content teachers want to accommodate their special education students. They know that their classrooms provide the "least restrictive environment" specified by Public Law 94-142. They understand that inclusion is federally mandated and, even more importantly, often seen as necessary for teens to reach their full potential as…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Inclusion, Mainstreaming, Secondary School Teachers
Posey, Virginia; Myers; Diane – CASAS - Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment Systems (NJ1), 2005
The authors discuss special challenges faced by older adults with intellectual disabilities. The 2004 report from The President's Committee for People with Intellectual Disabilities (PCPID) stated that in 1970 only about eleven percent of people with intellectual disabilities in the United States were over 55. It is expected that by 2040 the…
Descriptors: Multiple Intelligences, Mental Retardation, Caregivers, Older Adults
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