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Dorman, Rebekah L.; Anthony, Elizabeth; Osborne-Fears, Billie; Fischer, Robert L. – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2017
Large numbers of children of low income families in the United States arrive at kindergarten already far behind their more affluent peers on measures of school readiness. In the absence of any federal preschool policy and amidst alarm about this growing divide, universal prekindergarten (UPK) programs have been launched around the United States,…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Urban Areas, Educational Quality, Achievement Gap
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MacRoy-Higgins, Michelle; Kliment, Sarah – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2017
This study analyzed spontaneous language samples of three-year-olds with a history of expressive language delay (late talkers) and age-matched controls using Dore's Conversational Acts analysis (1978) and Mean Length of Utterance (MLU; Brown, 1973). Differences were observed between groups in utterances classified as organizational device and…
Descriptors: Communication Disorders, Followup Studies, Expressive Language, Delayed Speech
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Miller, Portia; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; McQuiggan, Meghan; Shaw, Alyssa – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
There are currently 2 principal models of publicly funded prekindergarten programs (pre-K): targeted pre-K, which is means-tested, and universal pre-K. These programs often differ in terms of the economic characteristics of the preschoolers enrolled. Studies have documented links between individual achievement in school-age children and the…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, School Demography, Economic Status, Preschool Children
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Cook, Kyle DeMeo; Coley, Rebekah Levine – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The transition to kindergarten is a critical period for children and families, with successful transitions setting the stage for short- and long-term academic and social success. This study explored the practices used by kindergarten teachers to help ease children's and families' transition into primary school (termed "transition…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Social Adjustment, Student Adjustment, Preschool Teachers
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Bailey, Benjamin; Arciuli, Joanne; Stancliffe, Roger J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
This study explored the effects of ABRACADABRA, a free computer-assisted literacy program, on the reading accuracy and comprehension skills of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). ABRACADABRA is a balanced literacy instruction program, targeting both code and meaning-based reading abilities. Twenty children with ASD, aged 5-11…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Children, Autism
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Smolík, Filip; Bláhová, Veronika – First Language, 2017
Two experiments examined Czech children's comprehension of grammatical number marking in verbs. Children were presented with picture pairs involving one or multiple participants in the same action, and were asked to point to the picture described by a recorded sentence. Experiment 1 (N = 72, age 3;0-4;7) tested four types of sentences, some of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Reading Comprehension, Slavic Languages
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Potocki, Anna; Sanchez, Monique; Ecalle, Jean; Magnan, Annie – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This article presents two studies investigating the role of executive functioning in written text comprehension in children and adolescents. In a first study, the involvement of executive functions in reading comprehension performance was examined in normally developing children in fifth grade. Two aspects of text comprehension were…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Adolescents, Reading Difficulties
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Christodoulou, Joanna A.; Cyr, Abigail; Murtagh, Jack; Chang, Patricia; Lin, Jiayi; Guarino, Anthony J.; Hook, Pamela; Gabrieli, John D. E. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Efficacy of an intensive reading intervention implemented during the nonacademic summer was evaluated in children with reading disabilities or difficulties (RD). Students (ages 6-9) were randomly assigned to receive Lindamood-Bell's "Seeing Stars" program (n = 23) as an intervention or to a waiting-list control group (n = 24). Analysis…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Early Intervention, Reading Programs, Reading Difficulties
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Waring, Rebecca; Eadie, Patricia; Liow, Susan Rickard; Dodd, Barbara – Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 2017
While little is known about why children make speech errors, it has been hypothesized that cognitive-linguistic factors may underlie phonological speech sound disorders. This study compared the phonological short-term and phonological working memory abilities (using immediate memory tasks) and receptive vocabulary size of 14 monolingual preschool…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Foreign Countries, Delayed Speech, Phonology
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Swart, Nicole M.; Muijselaar, Marloes M. L.; Steenbeek-Planting, Esther G.; Droop, Mienke; de Jong, Peter F.; Verhoeven, L. – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
The mental lexicon plays a central role in reading comprehension (Perfetti & Stafura, 2014). It encompasses the number of lexical entries in spoken and written language (vocabulary breadth), the semantic quality of these entries (vocabulary depth), and the connection strength between lexical representations (semantic relatedness); as such, it…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Grade 4, Predictor Variables, Semantics
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Harvey, Hattie A.; Miller, Gloria E. – Early Education and Development, 2017
Research Findings: The contribution of 3 executive function skills (shifting, inhibitory control, and working memory) and their relation to early mathematical skills was investigated with preschoolers attending 6 Head Start centers. Ninety-two children ranging in age from 3 years, 1 month, to 4 years, 11 months, who were native English or Spanish…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Education, Vocabulary Development
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Qiu, Chen; Winsler, Adam – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2017
Via naturalistic observations, parent interview, and direct assessments, we examined language proficiency, language use, and differentiation of a 3-year, 4-month-old bilingual child exposed to Mandarin and English via the "one parent-one language" principle. Although noun versus verb dominance has been explored across verb-based…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Child Rearing, Bilingualism, Parent Child Relationship
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Bailey, Benjamin; Arciuli, Joanne; Stancliffe, Roger J. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
This study explored the effects of an evidence-based literacy program, ABRACADABRA, on the spelling abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twenty children with ASD aged 5-11 years were assigned to matched instruction and waitlist control groups. Children in the instruction group received 26 hrs of individualized, home-based…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Spelling Instruction
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Poolman, B. G.; Leseman, P. P. M.; Doornenbal, J. M.; Minnaert, A. E. M. G. – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
Rural children are a largely understudied population in language and literacy research, despite the fact that these children often enter school with delays in their language development. Since most rural areas suffered from so-called selective rural outmigration, many parents in rural areas are lower or middle educated. The home literacy climate,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Primary Education
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Sénéchal, Monique – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
The goal was to assess the role of invented spelling to subsequent reading and spelling as proposed by the Nested Skills Model of Early Literacy Acquisition. 107 English-speaking children were tested at the beginning of kindergarten and grade 1, and at the end of grade 1. The findings provided support for the proposed model. First, the role played…
Descriptors: Spelling, Invented Spelling, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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