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Thompson, Bruce; And Others – 1993
The present study explored the perceptions of 664 Hispanic and non-minority high school students as regards barriers to entering health professions and the characteristics of health career jobs. Students were enrolled in a high school for the health professions or an enrichment add-on intervention, or were members of an honor society contrast…
Descriptors: Academic Aspiration, Career Exploration, Career Planning, Educational Assessment
Thompson, Bruce; And Others – 1993
Love is among the most fundamental aspects of the experience of being human, but measures of perceptions of the experience of love have only recently been explored. One of the most popular measures was developed by C. Hendrick and S. Hendrick. Most previous studies of the measure have used exploratory factor analysis and orthogonal factor…
Descriptors: Counseling, Factor Structure, Graduate Students, Higher Education
Thompson, Bruce – 1993
It is argued that analysis of variance (ANOVA) and related methods should be taught using a general linear model (GLM) approach, rather than a classical ordinary sums of squares approach. The GLM approach emphasizes the linkages among conventional parametric methods, emphasizing that all classical parametric methods are least squares procedures…
Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Correlation, Effect Size, Higher Education
Thompson, Bruce; And Others – 1994
The original "Bayley Scales of Infant Development" (BSID) (Bayley 1969) have been among the most popular measures of performance and aptitude of infants. In the present study the reliability and construct validity of mental and motor scores on the revised Bayley Scales of Infant Development-II (BSID-II) were investigated. A national…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Aptitude Tests, Behavior Patterns, Child Development
Thompson, Bruce – 1994
Too few researchers understand what statistical significance testing does and does not do, and consequently their results are misinterpreted. This Digest explains the concept of statistical significance testing and discusses the meaning of probabilities, the concept of statistical significance, arguments against significance testing,…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Data Interpretation, Decision Making, Effect Size
Thompson, Bruce – 1994
The present paper suggests that multivariate methods ought to be used more frequently in behavioral research and explores the potential consequences of failing to use multivariate methods when these methods are appropriate. The paper explores in detail two reasons why multivariate methods are usually vital. The first is that they limit the…
Descriptors: Analysis of Covariance, Behavioral Science Research, Causal Models, Correlation
Thompson, Bruce; Stone, Elizabeth – 1994
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is one of the most frequently used measures of personality. MBTI Form G and a self-descriptive adjectival checklist, the "Personal Preferences Self-Description Questionnaire" (PPSDQ), were administered to 191 college students. The four dimensions of personality measured by the MBTI are:…
Descriptors: Check Lists, College Students, Concurrent Validity, Factor Analysis
Thompson, Bruce – 1994
Researchers too frequently consider the reliability of the scores they analyze, and this may lead to incorrect conclusions. Practice in this regard may be negatively influenced by telegraphic habits of speech implying that tests possess reliability and other measurement characteristics. Styles of speaking in journal articles, in textbooks, and in…
Descriptors: Data Collection, Editing, Jargon, Language Patterns
Thompson, Bruce; Dennings, Bruce – 1993
Q-technique factor analysis identifies clusters or factors of people, rather than of variables, and has proven very popular, especially with regard to testing typology theories. The present study investigated the utility of three different protocols for obtaining data for Q-technique studies. These three protocols were: (1) a conventional ipsative…
Descriptors: Classification, Comparative Analysis, Data Collection, Factor Analysis
Thompson, Bruce; And Others – 1993
The Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scales (E. Fennema and J. A. Sherman, 1976) are among the most popular measures used in studies of attitudes toward mathematics. However, the measurement integrity of the scores has not yet been established conclusively. Measurement integrity was explored by using data from 174 elementary school teachers…
Descriptors: Classification, Elementary Education, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary Schools
Thompson, Bruce – 1994
Various strategies for optimizing the use of program evaluation information are recommended, based on a thorough evaluation of the literature. The recently revised "Program Evaluation Standards" (Joint Committee, 1994) are then reviewed point by point as regards sensitivity to these recommendations. It appears that the new standards…
Descriptors: Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Utilization, Evaluators, Literature Reviews
Thompson, Bruce – 1994
Dissertations are an important component of the effort to generate knowledge. Thus, dissertation quality may be seen by accreditation and coordinating-board reviewers as a noteworthy reflection on the quality of doctoral programs themselves. The present study reviews methodological errors within Ph.D. dissertations. The illustrative errors are…
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Case Studies, Doctoral Dissertations, Error Patterns
Thompson, Bruce – 1992
Conventional statistical significance tests do not inform the researcher regarding the likelihood that results will replicate. One strategy for evaluating result replication is to use a "bootstrap" resampling of a study's data so that the stability of results across numerous configurations of the subjects can be explored. This paper…
Descriptors: Analysis of Covariance, Analysis of Variance, Correlation, Discriminant Analysis
Thompson, Bruce – 1992
Various realizations have led to less frequent use of the "OVA" methods (analysis of variance--ANOVA--among others) and to more frequent use of general linear model approaches such as regression. However, too few researchers understand all the various coefficients produced in regression. This paper explains these coefficients and their…
Descriptors: Analysis of Covariance, Analysis of Variance, Heuristics, Mathematical Models
Thompson, Bruce – 1992
Three criticisms of overreliance on results from statistical significance tests are noted. It is suggested that: (1) statistical significance tests are often tautological; (2) some uses can involve comparisons that are not completely sensible; and (3) using statistical significance tests to evaluate both methodological assumptions (e.g., the…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Estimation (Mathematics), Evaluation Methods, Regression (Statistics)
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