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Martinson, Karin; Strawn, Julie – 2003
Federal welfare funding through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant gives states flexibility to help low income parents move into employment. However, the law discourages states from allowing welfare recipients to participate in education and training programs. These restrictions are at odds with recent research…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Education, English (Second Language), Federal Government
Moffitt, Robert; Winder, Katie – 2003
The dramatic decline in Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) caseloads in the 1990s has focused attention on the process of exit from, and, to a lesser extent, entry into, the welfare system. This paper charts the process of turnover in the TANF program in three major U.S. cities over an 18-month, post-PWORA period and documents its…
Descriptors: Children, Family Income, Low Income Groups, Urban Areas
Hoffman, Saul D.; Seidman, Laurence S. – 2003
The impact of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) on working families was analyzed. The analysis established that the EITC is, on balance, a highly effective program that meets its primary objectives well. The following benefits of the EITC were identified: (1) it reduced the poverty rate in 1999 by an estimated 1.5 percentage points; (2) it is…
Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), Cost Effectiveness, Economic Impact, Eligibility
Fomby, Paula; Cherlin, Andrew J. – 2003
U.S.-born children of immigrants may be less likely to receive some social services than are children of native-born immigrants, if foreign-born parents who are themselves ineligible are less likely to apply on their children's behalf. Researchers used retrospective data from a sample of about 2,400 low-income, predominantly Hispanic households in…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Hispanic Americans, Immigrants, Low Income Groups
Pardue, Melissa G. – 2003
This report asserts that welfare reform has been very successful in reducing child poverty. For a quarter-century prior to reform, black child poverty and poverty among single mothers remained virtually constant. Six years after reform, poverty among both groups dropped rapidly, reaching the lowest levels in U.S. history. Welfare rolls have…
Descriptors: Blacks, Child Welfare, Employment Level, Mothers
Mezey, Jennifer; Richie, Brooke – 2003
Since fiscal year (FY) 1997, states have used funds from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to supplement other funds in efforts to provide more child care assistance. This report provides an overview of the rules governing the use of TANF funds for child care. The report also describes how states used TANF funds to…
Descriptors: Budgets, Child Care, Children, Employed Parents
Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC. – 2003
This sixth annual report provides welfare dependence indicators through 2000, reflecting changes since enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act in 1996 and highlighting benefits under Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), now Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF); the Food Stamp program; and Supplement…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Support, Children, Disabilities
Richer, Elise; Kubo, Hitomi; Frank, Abbey – 2003
The accessibility of work support programs at one-stop centers was examined in a study during which 33 telephone directors or managers of one-stop centers in 22 states were interviewed by telephone. The interviews established the existence of extensive differences between one-stop centers from the standpoint of all aspects of their operation,…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Adult Education, Agency Cooperation, Career Centers
Tumlin, Karen C.; Zimmerman, Wendy – 2003
This paper examines immigrant participation in welfare, employment patterns and barriers among immigrant welfare recipients, and opportunities for and limits to enrollment in English as a Second Language (ESL) and other training programs while on welfare. It stems from interviews with public officials, employment service providers, welfare office…
Descriptors: Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, English (Second Language), Immigrants
Riedl, Brian M. – 2003
Although there has been a dramatic increase in child care funding since the passage of the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, some activists and members of Congress have argued that there remains a child care crisis. This paper asserts that many of the arguments concerning welfare and child care are outdated or…
Descriptors: Child Care, Eligibility, Employed Parents, Federal Government
Boeke, Kaye – 2003
This Kids Count report examines state, county, and regional trends in the well-being of Colorado's children. The first part of the report is presented in four chapters. Chapter 1 includes findings regarding the increasing diversity of the child population, linguistic isolation, the impact of parental unemployment, child poverty, and the affordable…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Asthma, Birth Weight, Births to Single Women
Greenberg, Mark; Mezey, Jennifer; Schumacher, Rachel – 2003
This document is comprised of presentation slides for overhead projection summarizing federal funding for child care since the 1996 changes in welfare and child care laws, and the status of reauthorization. The first slide provides a presentation overview; the remaining sheets cover the following: (1) two main sources of federal funds for…
Descriptors: Budgeting, Child Care, Economic Factors, Federal Legislation
Greenberg, Mark; Schumacher, Rachel – 2003
The two principal federal funding streams available to states for provision of child care services are the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant structure. Noting that funds from both of these can be used for child care and early education initiatives, this report summarizes what…
Descriptors: Child Care, Early Childhood Education, Financial Support, Program Descriptions
Schumacher, Rachel – 2003
This document is comprised of four Center for Law and Policy articles dealing with federal child care subsidies. The first discusses the proposed welfare reauthorization that includes an increase in Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) funding and an increase in the amount states can transfer from Temporary Assistance for Needy Families…
Descriptors: Budgeting, Child Care, Early Childhood Education, Federal Legislation
Fremstad, Shawn; Parrott, Sharon; Greenberg, Mark; Savner, Steve; Turetsky, Vicki; Mezey, Jennifer – 2003
This document is comprised of three Center for Law and Policy articles dealing with reauthorization of funding for the federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). The first article compares the U.S. House and Senate bills for reauthorization, asserting that in a broad array of areas, the Senate bill provides states with more…
Descriptors: Budgeting, Change Strategies, Child Care, Early Childhood Education
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