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Zimmerman, Irla Lee; Castilleja, Nancy Flores – Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 2005
The PLS-4 (Preschool Language Scale, 4th edition) is a psychometrically sound instrument constructed to assess language skills in children from birth to 6 years 11 months. It is a useful diagnostic and research tool that can be used to identify current comprehension and expressive language skills and can measure changes in language skills over…
Descriptors: Language Patterns, Intervention, Semantics, Syntax
Curtis, Steven E. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2005
Prior to the mid-1970s, over one million children with disabilities were excluded from the nation's schools. In 1975, as a result of intense litigation and advocacy, Congress passed the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EHA, P.L. 94-142), now called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), mandating that public schools…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Compliance (Legal), Special Needs Students
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Tripp, April; Zhu, Weimo – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (JOPERD), 2005
Current federal legislation has shifted the focus of education for students with disabilities from issues of access and opportunity to issues about improving teaching and learning, specifically focusing on students? involvement in the general curriculum. Effective assessment techniques are critical to the educational process in order for the…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Disabilities, Physical Fitness, Adapted Physical Education
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Lee, Christopher Michael – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2005
In this article the author shares his personal experiences beginning in early childhood with his own learning disabilities. As an adult with learning disabilities, he describes how he has learned to manage his language and memory barriers through assistive technology and outside support, and he nourishes himself through therapy or simply…
Descriptors: Coping, Assistive Technology, Special Education, Personal Narratives
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Gerber, Michael M. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2005
Professionals and researchers once suggested that about 6% or 7% of all students had serious emotional disturbance (SED). Congress thought about the cost, and then thought otherwise. As a result, Congress created a 2% solution, and then wrote the law in a way that discouraged identification of students with SED. Schools must obviously also have…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Special Education, Mental Retardation, Learning Disabilities
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Tripp, April; Zhu, Weimo – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance (JOPERD), 2005
Federal legislation has influenced the practice of physical education for students with disabilities for over 30 years. The purpose of this article is to create greater awareness and understanding relative to the laws concerning the assessment of fitness and motor skills of students with disabilities. The article reviews the intentions and…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Change, Disabilities, Vocational Rehabilitation
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Brorson, Kent – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2005
This article uses data from an ethnographic study that examined the delivery of home-based services in early intervention. Participants were families with an infant or toddler with special needs, and professionals providing early intervention services to these and other families. The study examined an early intervention program that uses primarily…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Home Visits, Ethnography, Young Children
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Ward, Cynthia V. – Journal of Education Finance, 2005
Debate over the proper identification and placement of gifted children in public schools is not new. But the pressure put on public schools by the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 has brought advocates and opponents of gifted education into starker conflict. This presents a chance to reexamine the foundational premises of the argument in…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Form Classes (Languages), Equal Education, Disadvantaged Youth
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Texley, Juliana; Kwan, Terry; Summers, John – Science Teacher, 2005
With each passing year, the public expects more of schools and teachers. Curricula become more complex, student populations become more diverse, responsibilities are added, and, except for resources, very little is taken away. Fundamentally, teachers are held responsible for everyone and everything that goes on in their classrooms, an awesome…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Teacher Responsibility, Teaching Methods, Secondary School Students
Katzman, Lauren I., Ed.; Gandhi, Allison Gruner, Ed.; Harbour, Wendy S., Ed.; LaRock, J. D., Ed. – Harvard Education Press, 2005
"Special Education for a New Century" pays particularly close attention to how inclusive education practices can best be promoted in the era of standards-based accountability. An updated version of the best-selling "Special Education at the Century's End", this new volume combines cutting-edge research and theory about students…
Descriptors: Special Education, Inclusion, Accountability, Disabilities
Swett, Judy; Xiong, Dao; Ayankoya, Betsy; Shackelford, Jo – National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (NECTAC), 2004
In 1997, Congress reauthorized the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which grew out of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975. Congress stated that there was a need to "enhance the capability of state and local agencies and service providers to identify, evaluate, and meet the needs of historically…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Infants, Public Agencies, Recruitment
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Chinn, Philip C. – Multicultural Perspectives, 2004
Although the 1954 "Brown v. Board of Education" U.S. Supreme Court decision changed the face of American education forever, few individuals at that time could have fully realized its far-reaching implications. Certainly, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Legal Director Thurgood Marshall in his arguments was…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Civil Rights Legislation, Court Litigation, Desegregation Litigation
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Price, Valerie; Murphy, Susan O.; Cureton, Virginia Young – Journal of School Nursing, 2004
Since the passage of the 1975 Education for All Handicapped Children Act and the 1986 PL99-457 amendment, many children aged birth to 3 years with special health care needs are enrolled in early intervention programs. Educators working in early intervention services often need to respond to and manage seizure activity and medical emergencies for…
Descriptors: Health Needs, Early Intervention, Self Efficacy, Seizures
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Griffin-Shirley, Nora; Matlock, Dwayne – RE:view: Rehabilitation Education for Blindness and Visual Impairment, 2004
A need for more personnel to teach students with disabilities resulted from the passage of Public Law 94-142, The Education for All Handicapped Children Act, which enabled those children to attend school in regular classrooms. Many schools solved their shortages of teaching personnel by hiring assistants, termed paraprofessionals, who were not…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Teacher Aides, Job Training, Educational Experience
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Owens, Laura; Konkol, Lynn – Reclaiming Children and Youth: The Journal of Strength-based Interventions, 2004
The purpose of this study was to gain a student's perspective on the differences between alternative and traditional educational settings. Specific objectives were to (1) identify obstacles students perceived in transitioning from alternative settings to traditional school settings and (2) hear the authentic voices of students to determine what…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Nontraditional Education, Traditional Schools, Emotional Disturbances
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