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Darling-Hammond, Linda – Harvard Educational Review, 1994
Alternative assessments have sometimes been used for such purposes as external control of schools. Equitable use of alternatives such as performance-based assessment depends on top-down support for bottom-up reform, careful design, and how well assessment is interwoven with the goals of authentic school reform and effective teaching. (SK)
Descriptors: Alternative Assessment, Educational Change, Equal Education, Performance Based Assessment
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Darling-Hammond, Linda – Educational Leadership, 1988
Efforts to professionalize teaching in recent years have contrasted sharply with regulatory initiatives that deprofessionalize the occupation and the act of teaching. Choices made now between better regulations and better teachers will determine the shape of education in years to come. (TE)
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Excellence in Education, Government School Relationship
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Darling-Hammond, Linda; Wise, Arthur E. – Elementary School Journal, 1985
Focuses on how state policies affect the teacher-learner relationship in classrooms. Particular attention is given to standard setting as implemented through testing mechanisms. With respect to students, test-based standards as well as test-based instructional processes are examined. With respect to teachers, test-based standards for professional…
Descriptors: Competency Based Education, Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy
Darling-Hammond, Linda; Sato, Nancy; Paine, Lynn; Snowball, Diane – 1995
The four papers presented here address teacher development from an international viewpoint. In "Professional Development and Standards" (Linda Darling-Hammond) it is suggested that U.S. educators engage in new kinds of collaborations with universities, and it proposes a shift from information transmittal to "co-construction" of…
Descriptors: College School Cooperation, Collegiality, Comparative Education, Cooperative Programs
Miles, Karen Hawley; Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1997
Although a great deal of debate surrounds the level and allocation of resources to public schools, very little of this discussion addresses how schools might organize teaching resources more effectively at the school level. This paper describes case studies of five high performing public schools that have organized professional resources in…
Descriptors: Administrators, Budgeting, Case Studies, Change Strategies
Darling-Hammond, Linda – Resources for Restructuring, 1995
This newsletter's central item is an essay on teaching as a profession and its condition in the midst of current trends and historical movements. It discusses teacher education, recent reform efforts to incorporate new understandings of teaching and learning in programs for prospective teachers, establishment of professional development schools,…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
Ancess, Jacqueline; Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1994
Hodgson Vocational Technical High School, New Castle County (Delaware), has recently converted from being a shared-time vocational center to being a full-time academic-vocational-technical school. As part of its restructuring, the school instituted a Senior Project, a three-part authentic assessment that combines a research paper, a shop product,…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Experiential Learning, Graduation Requirements, High School Seniors
Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1999
This book describes results of the work by the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. Section 1, "Introduction," introduces the work of the National Board and discusses educational change and teacher improvement in general. Section 2, "Standard Setting in Teaching," explains that in order to appreciate the effects…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education
Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1997
This book describes how the U.S. can radically improve not only individual schools but its overall system of education. The book examines the lessons of history and the expanding knowledge of what works in schools and classrooms, and it describes how school reforms might transform education presumptions and policies so that the education system…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Access to Education, Change Strategies, Democratic Values
Gonzalez, Josue M.; Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1997
This book discusses the challenges to developing a teaching force that is competent to work with immigrant students, arguing that professional development should be re-thought and teacher educators should move far beyond traditional inservice and teacher training. A framework is developed for considering what teachers of immigrant youth need to…
Descriptors: Collegiality, Cooperation, Curriculum Design, Curriculum Development
Darling-Hammond, Linda; Wise, Arthur E.; Klein, Stephen P. – 1999
This book argues that the current process for teacher licensing does not always guarantee competence in the classroom, and it offers advice on how to prepare and evaluate aspiring teachers for the challenges of their profession. It places Minnesota's experience in the context of current reform efforts and suggests that developing and requiring a…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Knowledge Base for Teaching, Preservice Teacher Education
Falk, Beverly; Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1993
This report examines outcomes of the Primary Language Record (PLR), a program for systematically observing students in various aspects of their literacy development. The PLR uses classroom events and samples of student work to record students' progress and interests, recommend strategies for addressing needs and building on talents, and discuss…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Elementary School Students, Evaluation Methods, Performance Based Assessment
Darling-Hammond, Linda; And Others – 1993
The goals of education for the next century require a new conception of accountability, one that seeks to create responsible and responsive schools. This volume tries to outline such a conception of learner-centered accountability, and show how it looks in action in real schools. The first chapter provides a conceptual overview of a…
Descriptors: Accountability, Case Studies, Concept Formation, Educational Change
Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1993
This paper suggests specific changes in Chapter 1 legislation (up for reauthorization in the fall of 1993) to make it more responsive not only to schools and students, but also to current school restructuring initiatives and new understandings of teaching, learning, and assessment. Recommendations are made in the areas of greater equity in access…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Children, Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth
Darling-Hammond, Linda – 1994
Teacher educators and teachers must be leaders in developing learner-centered standards for preparing teachers. Standards can help teachers build their own knowledge and understanding of what helps students learn. As schools undergo restructuring, teachers will be responsible for students, not just subject-matter information; for understanding how…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Leadership, Reflective Teaching
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