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Tam, Kai Chung – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Since the 1960s, the advocacy of "teaching mathematics so as to be useful" is not without hindrance in school curricula, partly due to the lack of appropriate assessment tools. Practical approaches have been accumulating quickly, but researchers showed that they are not satisfactory in testing students' ability to apply mathematical…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Logic, Knowledge Level, Test Construction
OECD Publishing, 2018
Schools are not just four walls inside of which students learn how to read, write and think. Schools provide a venue where young people meet each other, and where they develop relationships and friendships that may last for decades. At school, students socialise and hone the interpersonal skills that are required to function effectively in the…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, International Cooperation, Interpersonal Competence, Problem Solving
OECD Publishing, 2018
Teachers are the most important resource in today's schools. In every country, teachers' salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure in education. And this investment in teachers can have significant returns: research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
Avvisati, Francesco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Teachers are the most important school resource. In every country, teachers' salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure on education; and this investment in teachers can have significant returns. Research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of otherwise…
Descriptors: Experienced Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
Avvisati, Francesco; Cherian, Michelle; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Fraser, Pablo; Perez, Eva – OECD Publishing, 2018
This report uses the most recent Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) data, primarily from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2015 and Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) 2013 cycles, and seeks to evaluate the Ibero-American, countries where Spanish or Portuguese are the predominant…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Characteristics
OECD Publishing, 2018
There are more students expecting a teaching career than there are teachers in the current population. On average across OECD countries, 4.2% of 15-year-old students expect to work as teachers--a greater proportion than the share of teachers in the adult population. An analysis of 2015 data from the Programme for International Student Assessment…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Career Choice, Occupational Aspiration, Teacher Persistence
Bentley, Sage – ProQuest LLC, 2018
The purpose of this study was to identify the beliefs of preservice mathematics teachers with regards to the nature of mathematics, the learning of mathematics, and student achievement in mathematics. Past research indicates that teacher beliefs affect the way they teach as well as influence the students they instruct (Schoenfeld 1992; Thompson…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Academic Achievement
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Želvys, Rimantas; Stumbriene, Dovile; Jakaitiene, Audrone – Bulgarian Comparative Education Society, 2018
Transformation of post-socialist educational systems is perhaps one of the most interesting and at the same time underestimated in its importance, developments in the history of comparative education. After the three decades of post-socialist development one can note significant differences between the countries which once had identical or very…
Descriptors: Social Change, Social Systems, Efficiency, Neoliberalism
DeAngelis, Corey A. – Cato Institute, 2018
The potential benefits of increased access to private school choice programs in the United States remain a hot topic in educational policy. According to economic theory, private schooling should improve student achievement by increasing competitive pressures on educators to provide high-quality educational experiences. In addition, since children…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Educational Benefits, Access to Education, School Choice
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Kaya, Volkan Hasan; Elster, Doris – Science Education International, 2018
The main aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect the environmental literacy (EL) of 15-year-old students in Germany. The data were based on findings from the PISA 2015 of German students (n = 6.504), which were published on the official PISA site (http://www.pisa.oecd.org). According to the results, there was a positive and…
Descriptors: Environment, Literacy, Science Education, Socioeconomic Status
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Käsper, Maile; Uibu, Krista; Mikk, Jaan – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2018
Primary school students have difficulties with text comprehension, and therefore support from teachers via proper language teaching strategies is needed. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of language teaching strategies on students' reading outcomes and reading interest. In the current paper, two reading outcomes--vocabulary…
Descriptors: Language Teachers, Teaching Methods, Grade 3, Reading Interests
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Moss, Gemma – European Educational Research Journal, 2018
This paper has two aims: to introduce readers to Bernstein's concept of languages of description, interpreted through the lens of ethnography; and to demonstrate the value of this approach to theory-making by showing how a qualitative study conducted on these principles led to new explanations for gender differences in literacy attainment that can…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Ethnography, Reading Achievement, Gender Differences
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Casabianca, Jodi M.; Lewis, Charles – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2018
The null hypothesis test used in differential item functioning (DIF) detection tests for a subgroup difference in item-level performance--if the null hypothesis of "no DIF" is rejected, the item is flagged for DIF. Conversely, an item is kept in the test form if there is insufficient evidence of DIF. We present frequentist and empirical…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Hypothesis Testing, Bayesian Statistics, Statistical Analysis
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Jerrim, John P.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Research suggests that a country does not need inequity to have high performance. However, such research has potentially suffered from confounders present in between-country comparative research (e.g., latent cultural differences). Likewise, relatively little consideration has been given to whether the situation may be different for high- or…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
Mostafa, Tarek; Pál, Judit – OECD Publishing, 2018
In 2015, for the first time in its history, PISA (the Programme for International Student Assessment) asked teachers to describe the various aspects of their working environment and teaching practices. This paper examines how teacher, student, and school characteristics are related to science teachers' satisfaction in 19 PISA-participating…
Descriptors: Science Teachers, Job Satisfaction, Evidence, Teacher Surveys
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