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Thomas-Tate, Shurita; Daugherty, Timothy K. – Education, 2017
Employing an existing database of African American and biracial children entering metropolitan Detroit schools, we examined children of caregivers with and without reported stressful police contact. As anticipated, young children of caregivers with recent stressful police contact appear to suffer cognitive performance decrements on a nonverbal…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, African American Students, Multiracial Persons, Urban Schools
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Hindman, Annemarie H.; Wasik, Barbara A. – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
The current study examined whether Head Start children who experienced a high-quality preschool intervention, "Exceptional Coaching for Early Language and Literacy" ("ExCELL"), as three-year-olds began the subsequent pre-kindergarten (or four-year-old) year with stronger language and literacy skills than same-age peers who…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Emergent Literacy, Language Acquisition, Coaching (Performance)
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Chai, Zhen – Rural Special Education Quarterly, 2017
This study evaluated the effectiveness of using a researcher-developed iPad app with a 0- to 5-s constant time delay procedure to improve phonological awareness skills of young children with mild developmental delays in a small-group arrangement in a rural public elementary school in Southwest United States. The study was conducted using a…
Descriptors: Early Reading, Reading Skills, Reading Improvement, Young Children
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De Wilde, Vanessa; Eyckmans, June – Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 2017
In this paper the incidental language acquisition of 11-year-old Flemish children (n = 30) who have not received any formal English instruction is investigated. The study looks into children's English proficiency and the learner characteristics that can be associated with it. In order to measure the children's English proficiency, a receptive…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, English (Second Language), Linguistic Input, Native Language
Wood, Carla L.; Gabas, Clariebelle M. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Background: Reading attitudes are recognised as an influencing factor on the language and literacy achievement of school age monolingual English-speaking children. The relationship between reading attitudes and achievement in young Spanish-speaking English Learners (ELs) remains understudied. Purpose: The aim of the current study was to describe…
Descriptors: Reading Attitudes, Bilingualism, Positive Attitudes, Recreational Reading
Wood, Carla; Hoge, Rachel – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study aimed to describe change in dual language learners' (DLLs) morphosyntactic skills from kindergarten to first grade based on a sentence repetition task in English and Spanish. Methods: The sample included Spanish-English speaking children (n = 25). Investigators employed a repeated measures analysis of variance with one…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Preschool Children
Upshur, Carole C.; Heyman, Miriam; Wenz-Gross, Melodie – Grantee Submission, 2017
A classroom randomized trial (n = 31 classrooms) was conducted using the Second Step Early Learning (SSEL) curriculum compared to usual curricula. Head Start and community preschool classrooms enrolling low income children were randomly assigned to deliver SSEL (n = 16) or usual curricula (n = 15). Data are reported for four year olds…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Preschool Curriculum, Early Childhood Education, Low Income
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Ansari, Arya; Pianta, Robert C. – Grantee Submission, 2017
Data from the NICHD [National Institute of Child Health and Human Development] Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (n = 1,307) were used to estimate the additive and multiplicative benefits of high quality child care between birth to 54 months of age and high quality elementary school education between first and fifth grade. Results…
Descriptors: Child Care, Young Children, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education
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Pianta, Robert; Hamre, Bridget; Downer, Jason; Burchinal, Margaret; Williford, Amanda; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Howes, Carollee; La Paro, Karen; Scott-Little, Catherine – Early Education and Development, 2017
Research Findings: Effects on children's school readiness were evaluated for 2 interventions focused on improving teacher-student interactions (coursework, coaching) implemented sequentially across 2 years. Teachers from public prekindergarten programs in 10 locations were assigned randomly to treatment or control conditions in each year.…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Teacher Student Relationship, School Readiness, Early Childhood Education
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Goble, Priscilla; Pianta, Robert C. – Early Education and Development, 2017
Research Findings: This article examines whether time spent in free choice and teacher-directed activity settings within preschool was associated with indicators of school readiness and the extent to which children's learning was associated with the quality of teachers' behavior within these settings. Participants were 325 preschool teachers and…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, School Readiness, Preschool Teachers, Preschool Children
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Arosio, Fabrizio; Foppolo, Francesca; Pagliarini, Elena; Perugini, Maria; Guasti, Maria Teresa – Language Learning and Development, 2017
Specific language impairment (SLI) is a heterogeneous disorder affecting various aspects of language. While most studies have investigated impairments in the domain of syntax and morphosyntax, little is known about compositional semantics and the process of deriving pragmatic meanings in SLI. We selected a group of sixteen monolingual…
Descriptors: Language Impairments, Semantics, Italian, Children
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Harn, Beth A.; Parisi Damico, Danielle; Stoolmiller, Michael – Preventing School Failure, 2017
Fidelity of implementation is a commonly used term that is not well understood yet frequently assessed in schools today. This paper will discuss the different approaches commonly used in schools (e.g., structural, procedural, etc.) and then present them in relation to student outcomes within a seven-month intervention study with at-risk…
Descriptors: Intervention, Fidelity, Outcomes of Education, At Risk Students
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Hill, Margaret S.; Wagovich, Stacy A.; Manfra, Louis – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2017
Most vocabulary growth during the school-age years occurs incidentally. However, little is understood about the influence of language skills on word knowledge growth during reading. Using a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, we examined incidental word learning through reading, considering the presence/absence of supportive context and…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Aptitude, Learning Processes, Oral Language
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Walsh, Rosalind; Bowes, Jennifer; Sweller, Naomi – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2017
Research into the effect of questions asked during storybook reading in preschool settings has rarely investigated questions that elicit higher order thinking. In the current study, Blank et al.'s Four Levels of Abstraction were used to code teacher questions and child responses from 177 individual storybook reading sessions with eight…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Story Reading, Questioning Techniques, Teaching Methods
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Hintz, Florian; Meyer, Antje S.; Huettig, Falk – Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2017
Many studies have demonstrated that listeners use information extracted from verbs to guide anticipatory eye movements to objects in the visual context that satisfy the selection restrictions of the verb. An important question is what underlies such verb-mediated anticipatory eye gaze. Based on empirical and theoretical suggestions, we…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Verbs, Eye Movements, Language Processing
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