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Byrnes, Vaughan – American Journal of Education, 2009
This study evaluates the impact of the privatization of education services in the Philadelphia School District, using an interrupted time series design. The sample observes 88 middle-grades schools, beginning with the 1996-97 school year, and finds that, by 2006, four years postintervention, the achievement growth rate of schools run by…
Descriptors: Privatization, Context Effect, Academic Achievement, Educational Administration
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Lang, Laura; Torgesen, Joseph; Vogel, William; Chanter, Carol; Lefsky, Evan; Petscher, Yaacov – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2009
The purpose of this research was to explore the relative effectiveness of intensive reading interventions for struggling high school readers. A yearlong randomized control study was conducted to estimate causal effects, as measured by the criterion-referenced state assessment test, for 1,265 ninth-grade students in 89 classes across 7 high schools…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Special Needs Students
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Karcher, Michael – Professional School Counseling, 2009
Cross-age mentoring programs are peer helping programs in which high school students serve as mentors to younger children. The study in this article compared fall-to-spring changes on connectedness, attachment, and self-esteem between 46 teen mentors and 45 comparison classmates. Results revealed an association between serving as a cross-age peer…
Descriptors: Mentors, Peer Counseling, School Counselors, Peer Teaching
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Erickson, Lance D.; McDonald, Steve; Elder, Glen H., Jr. – Sociology of Education, 2009
Few studies have examined the impact of mentoring (developing a special relationship with a nonparental adult) on educational achievement and attainment in the general population. In addition, prior research has yet to clarify the extent to which mentoring relationships reduce inequality by enabling disadvantaged youths to compensate for the lack…
Descriptors: Mentors, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Background, Student Characteristics
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Arnold, Karen; Fleming, Shezwae; DeAnda, Mario; Castleman, Benjamin; Wartman, Katherine Lynk – Thought & Action, 2009
Despite national calls to conceptualize education as a continuous P-16 system, most high schools cease to serve their students at the point of graduation. For their part, colleges provide relatively few students with formal bridge programs during the summer transition between secondary and postsecondary education. Even among low-income students…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, High School Graduates, College Choice, Enrollment
Tucker, Christine N. – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Many schools in the United States use the IQ-achievement discrepancy method to identify children with learning disabilities (a significant split between their intelligence and their achievement skills). Unfortunately struggling students who are not identified by this method remain in the regular education setting with no additional supports and…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, At Risk Students, Social Change, Grade 4
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Graves, Anne W.; Duesbery, Luke; Pyle, Nicole B.; Brandon, Regina R.; McIntosh, Angela S. – Elementary School Journal, 2011
Two experimental studies at one urban middle school investigated the effects of the combination of Tier I and Tier II evidence-based reading instruction compared to Tier I alone on struggling sixth-grade readers (N = 109). All participants received free or reduced-price lunch, and 95% were considered English learners at some point in their school…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Special Needs Students, Grade 6, Urban Schools
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Aaron, P. G.; Joshi, R. Malatesha; Gooden, Regina; Bentum, Kwesi E. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008
Currently, learning disabilities (LD) are diagnosed on the basis of the discrepancy between students' IQ and reading achievement scores. Students diagnosed with LD often receive remedial instruction in resource rooms. The available evidence suggests that the educational policy based on this discrepancy model has not yielded satisfactory results.…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading Instruction, Disability Identification, Learning Disabilities
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Calcagno, Juan Carlos; Long, Bridget Terry – National Center for Postsecondary Research, 2008
Remedial or developmental courses are the most common policy instruments used to assist underprepared postsecondary students who are not ready for college-level coursework. However, despite its important role in higher education and its substantial costs, there is little rigorous evidence on the effectiveness of college remediation on the outcomes…
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Academic Persistence, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
Vinson, Terence LeRay – ProQuest LLC, 2008
The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between participation in the Summer Bridge Program, grade point averages and retention of first-year college students. Additionally, this study examined the differences in grade point averages of college students after their first semester and first-year of college with regard to their…
Descriptors: College Freshmen, Summer Programs, Grade Point Average, School Holding Power
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Kamps, Debra; Abbott, Mary; Greenwood, Charles; Wills, Howard; Veerkamp, Mary; Kaufman, Jorun – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008
This article describes the implementation of small-group reading instruction as secondary- and tertiary-level components of a three-tier model of prevention and intervention. The study consisted of 83 students who were targeted in the winter of kindergarten as being at high risk for reading failure. Intervention consisted of evidence-based…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Prevention, Reading Failure, Kindergarten
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Gettinger, Maribeth; Stoiber, Karen – Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 2008
This article describes the design and implementation of a program that incorporates a response-to-intervention (RTI) framework for promoting the development of early literacy and language skills among low-income minority children. The early literacy program, called the Exemplary Model of Early Reading Growth and Excellence, or EMERGE, combines…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Early Reading, Income, Disadvantaged Youth
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Therrien, William J.; Hughes, Charles – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2008
This study was conducted to ascertain if repeated reading or question generation was more effective at improving reading fluency and comprehension of fourth- through sixth-grade students with learning disabilities or reading problems. Adult tutors trained by the investigator conducted the interventions. Instructional components and training within…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Reading Improvement, Learning Disabilities, Reading Comprehension
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Vandenberg, Amy C.; Boon, Richard T.; Fore, Cecil, III; Bender, William N. – Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2008
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the efficacy of repeated readings on the oral reading fluency rate and reading comprehension accuracy of high school students with specific learning disabilities. The participants included three tenth and eleventh grade students with specific learning disabilities in a study skills resource…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Learning Disabilities, Reading Strategies
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McIntyre, Ellen; Rightmyer, Elizabeth C.; Petrosko, Joseph P. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2008
In this study, we examined 56 first-grade struggling readers' phonics and reading achievement in classrooms served by SRA Reading Mastery, a scripted model of early reading instruction against the achievement of 52 first-grade struggling readers in classrooms served by one of four other, non-scripted reading models. We also studied the…
Descriptors: Phonics, Early Reading, Reading Achievement, Reading Instruction
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