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Tannock, Rosemary; Frijters, Jan C.; Martinussen, Rhonda; White, Erin Jacquelyn; Ickowicz, Abel; Benson, Nancy J.; Lovett, Maureen W. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
To evaluate the relative efficacy of two reading programs with and without adjunctive stimulant medication for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder (ADHD+RD). Sixty-five children (7-11 years in age) were assigned randomly to one of three intensive remedial academic programs (phonologically or…
Descriptors: Intervention, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Comorbidity, Child Behavior
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Diamanti, Vassiliki; Goulandris, Nata; Campbell, Ruth; Protopapas, Athanassios – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
We examined the manifestation of dyslexia in a cross-linguistic study contrasting English and Greek children with dyslexia compared to chronological age and reading-level control groups on reading accuracy and fluency, phonological awareness, short-term memory, rapid naming, orthographic choice, and spelling. Materials were carefully matched…
Descriptors: Contrastive Linguistics, Morphemes, Spelling, Dyslexia
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Gangl, Melanie; Moll, Kristina; Jones, Manon W.; Banfi, Chiara; Schulte-Körne, Gerd; Landerl, Karin – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Dyslexia in consistent orthographies like German is characterized by dysfluent reading, which is often assumed to result from failure to build up an orthographic lexicon and overreliance on decoding. However, earlier evidence indicates effects of lexical processing at least in some German dyslexic readers. We investigated variations in reading…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, German, Grade 3, Grade 4
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de Paula, Artemis Paiva; Felinto, Priscila Magalhães Barros; Mascarenhas, Brisa Fernandes; Lima, Sarah Camilla Ferreira de Oliveira; Gobbi, Flávia Horta Azevedo; Hazin, Izabel Augusta – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The construct autobiographical memory (AM) refers to the mnemonic skill that enables individuals to form personal memories about their lives and re-experience them. Its ontogeny can be understood from the dialectic construction of maturational processes and the cultural-historical context. This research sought to further the knowledge regarding…
Descriptors: Autobiographies, Memory, Nonparametric Statistics, Statistical Analysis
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Bildiren, Ahmet – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
The objective of this study was to examine the different development characteristics of gifted children during the preschool period in comparison with normal developing children according to family observation. For this purpose, face-to-face interviews were carried out with the parents of 112 children identified as gifted and data regarding the…
Descriptors: Developmentally Appropriate Practices, Student Characteristics, Developmental Psychology, Gifted
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Kellems, Ryan O.; Rickard, Tobias H.; Okray, Dana A.; Sauer-Sagiv, Leora; Washburn, Betsy – Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals, 2018
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an iPad® as a prompting device for teaching five daily living skills to three young adults with disabilities. Identified target tasks were (a) making spaghetti, (b) cleaning the dining room, (c) making macaroni and cheese, (d) cleaning the front porch, (e) cleaning the back porch, (f)…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Daily Living Skills, Disabilities, Young Adults
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Brenchley, Celia; Costello, Shane – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2018
Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD) have a relatively rare incidence, estimated to be approximately 1.7% of all learning disabilities. Symptoms of the disorder are perceptual, social and emotional. These symptoms differ according to the developmental age, with 85% of cases being diagnosed in secondary school when education becomes more…
Descriptors: Intervention, Nonverbal Ability, Learning Disabilities, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Canivez, Gary L.; Dombrowski, Stefan C.; Watkins, Marley W. – Psychology in the Schools, 2018
This study examined the factor structure of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fifth Edition (WISC-V) with four standardization sample age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14, 15-16 years) using exploratory factor analysis (EFA), multiple factor extraction criteria, and hierarchical EFA not included in the WISC-V "Technical and Interpretation…
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Children, Intelligence Tests, Age Groups
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Vanmarcke, Steven; Noens, Ilse; Steyaert, Jean; Wagemans, Johan – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Previous research suggested that adolescents with autism spectrum disorder are better than typically developing children in detecting local, non-social details within complex visual scenes. To better understand these differences, we used the image database by Sareen et al., containing the size and on-screen location information of all changes in…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Perception
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Poorghorban, Maryam; Jabbari, Susan; Chamandar, Fatemah – Journal of Education and Learning, 2018
The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between executive functions and mathematical abilities to determine the contribution of these functions to math performance. In this study, 30 students were selected from among 4th graders of elementary school, in two groups with low achievement in mathematics (poor) and high achievement…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, Executive Function, Attention
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Booth, Rhonda D. L.; Happé, Francesca G. E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Frith's original notion of 'weak central coherence' suggested that increased local processing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) resulted from reduced global processing. More recent accounts have emphasised superior local perception and suggested intact global integration. However, tasks often place local and global processing in direct trade-off,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes, Intelligence Quotient
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Bahar, Abdulkadir; Ozturk, Mehmet Ali – International Education Studies, 2018
This study explored the relationship between processing speed and five dimensions of creativity, which were fluency, originality, elaboration, abstractness of titles, and resistance to premature closure (RPC). It is the first empirical study that examines this relationship, also relating it to gender and level of giftedness. Data came from 133…
Descriptors: Gifted, Creativity, Creativity Tests, Children
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Mimeau, Catherine; Dionne, Ginette; Feng, Bei; Brendgen, Mara; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel – Language Learning and Development, 2018
This twin study examined the genetic and environmental etiology of vocabulary, syntax, and their association in first graders. French-speaking same-sex twins (n = 555) completed two vocabulary tests, and two scores of syntax were calculated from their spontaneous speech at 7 years of age. Multivariate latent factor genetic analyses showed that…
Descriptors: Genetics, Etiology, Vocabulary, Syntax
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Meyer, Emily M.; Reynolds, Matthew R. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
The purpose of this study was to use multidimensional scaling (MDS) to investigate relations among scores from the standardization sample of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Fifth edition (WISC-V; Wechsler, 2014). Nonmetric two-dimensional MDS maps were selected for interpretation. The most cognitively complex subtests and indexes…
Descriptors: Children, Intelligence Tests, Scaling, Factor Analysis
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Hagen, Åste M. – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The aim of the current study is to determine what language activities Norwegian preschool children took part in, and to examine whether these language activities predict children's language comprehension. We tested children (n = 134) with language measures at age 4/5 and age 5/6 and interviewed their teachers (n = 71) about the kinds of language…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Vocabulary Development, Language Processing, Learning Activities
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