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Hole, Arne; Grønmo, Liv Sissel; Onstad, Torgeir – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Background: This paper discusses a framework for analyzing the dependence on mathematical theory in test items, that is, a framework for discussing to what extent knowledge of mathematical theory is helpful for the student in solving the item. The framework can be applied to any test in which some knowledge of mathematical theory may be useful,…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students
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Rindermann, Heiner; Ceci, Stephen J. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2018
In 19 (sub)samples from seven countries (United States, Austria, Germany, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Vietnam, Brazil), we analyzed the impact of parental education compared with wealth on the cognitive ability of children (aged 4-22 years, total N = 15,297). The background of their families ranged from poor indigenous remote villagers to academic…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence
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Umugiraneza, Odette; Bansilal, Sarah; North, Delia – Statistics Education Research Journal, 2018
The purpose of this paper is to examine South African teachers' suggestions for improving the teaching and learning of mathematics and statistics, as well as exploring relationships between certain demographic factors and the number and types of strategies suggested by teachers. The study was conducted with 75 South African mathematics teachers.…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Mathematics Instruction, Statistics, Mathematics Teachers
Siemssen, Annette M. – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Data mining has been successfully used by financial and retail companies since the mid-1960's to create predictive models and reveal unexpected relationships. However, it remains underutilized as a tool in educational research. Large-scale standardized assessment programs such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Information Retrieval, Data Analysis
Lin, Meiko – ProQuest LLC, 2018
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of "yutori" reforms on Opportunity to Learn (OTL), as defined by Stevens' (1993, 1996) multidimensional framework, and to examine how the changes in OTL may have subsequently affected Japanese 8th graders' mathematics achievement as measured by the Trends in Mathematics and Science…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, National Curriculum, Academic Achievement
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Chang, Benjamin "Benji"; McLaren, Peter – Policy Futures in Education, 2018
From the Americas to Asia, neoliberal policy restructuring continues to present major challenges to educational equity. In Hong Kong, teacher educators grapple with training students in pedagogy they believe in, versus the daily status quo of high-stakes exam prep, privatized "shadow education," and a system seemingly pushed to the brink…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Critical Theory, Teaching Methods, Neoliberalism
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Kim, Yoonjeon – Teachers College Record, 2018
Background/Context: East Asian schools receive much attention for the comparatively high achievement of their students. To account for this success, scholars and commentators advance broad claims about the rote character of instruction or the complexity of classroom practice, typically generalizing to an entire nation. Yet little is known about…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement
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Liou, Pey-Yan; Ho, Hsin-Ning Jessie – Research Papers in Education, 2018
The purpose of this study is to examine students' perceptions of instructional practices in the classroom, and to further investigate the relationships among instructional practices, motivational beliefs and science achievement. Hierarchical linear modelling was utilised to examine the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2007…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Science Achievement, Self Concept, Correlation
Zhang, Sijia – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study examined the relationships among school leadership practices, parental involvement, disciplinary climate, students' perceptions on reading, and student achievement with sample obtained from the combined data of Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Principals, Parent Participation, Leadership Effectiveness
Ali Farzan, Isbah – ProQuest LLC, 2018
The students in the US are positioned in the middle among the nations on the international tests of academic achievement. This moderate achievement is a matter of great concern as it reflects the output of the US education system, as well as the input, in terms of human resource, available to the market. One way of probing this moderate…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gap, Middle School Students, Foreign Countries
Bentley, Sage – ProQuest LLC, 2018
The purpose of this study was to identify the beliefs of preservice mathematics teachers with regards to the nature of mathematics, the learning of mathematics, and student achievement in mathematics. Past research indicates that teacher beliefs affect the way they teach as well as influence the students they instruct (Schoenfeld 1992; Thompson…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Preservice Teachers, Mathematics Instruction, Academic Achievement
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Sahin, Melek Gülsah; Öztürk, Nagihan Boztunç – International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2018
In this study, it is aimed to examine the effect of classroom assessment on science and mathematics achievements. For this purpose, hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) is performed using variables of like learning science/maths, engage teaching in science/maths, confidence in science/maths, and home resources for learning variables at the student…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Grade 4, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Straková, Jana; Simonová, Jaroslava; Greger, David – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
Educational effectiveness research has provided evidence about the importance of teacher beliefs and attitudes for teaching and learning. This study builds on the concept of academic optimism, which combines 3 aspects of a teacher's professional creed: self-efficacy, trust, and academic emphasis. The study explores the functioning of the…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Secondary School Mathematics
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Oon, Pey Tee; Subramaniam, R. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
We report here on a comparative study of middle school students' attitudes towards science involving three countries: England, Singapore and the U.S.A. Complete attitudinal data sets from TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study) 2011 were used, thus giving a very large sample size (N = 20,246), compared to other studies in the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Middle School Students, Student Attitudes
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Urick, Angela; Wilson, Alison S. P.; Ford, Timothy G.; Frick, William C.; Wronowski, Meredith L. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2018
Purpose: To advance a framework of indicators that promotes implementation of math standards under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), we tested a conceptual model of the resources and processes within schools that influence the opportunity to learn mathematics (OTL) in the classroom using a recent administration of the 2011 Trends in…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Progress Monitoring, Educational Indicators, Federal Legislation
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