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Burris, Pamela W.; Phillips, Beth M.; Lonigan, Christopher J. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2019
This study examined variability of the home literacy environment (HLE) using multiple measures among families of low SES. The relations of the measures to each other and to children's early oral language skills and print knowledge were reported. Considerable variability of the self-reported HLE items and the Children's Title Checklist (CTC) but…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Emergent Literacy, Family Environment, Oral Language
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Thomas-Sunesson, Danielle; Hakuta, Kenji; Bialystok, Ellen – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2018
Past studies examining the cognitive function of bilingual school-aged children have pointed to enhancements in areas of executive control relative to age-matched monolingual children. The majority of these studies has tested children from a middle-class background and compared performance of bilinguals as a discrete group against monolinguals.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Executive Function, Bilingualism, Hispanic Americans
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Peterson, Candida C.; Slaughter, Virginia; Wellman, Henry M. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Persuasion is an essential social skill. Yet its development and underpinnings are poorly understood. In 2 studies, a total of 167 children aged 3 to 12 years took theory of mind (ToM) tests and participated in unscripted, seminaturalistic persuasive conversations. Children were typically developing (TD) or had deafness or autism spectrum disorder…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Persuasive Discourse, Interpersonal Competence, Children
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Boersma, Tiffany; Baker, Anne; Rispens, Judith; Weerman, Fred – First Language, 2018
Morphophonological processing involves the phonological analysis of morphemes. Item-specific phonological characteristics have been shown to influence morphophonological skills in children. This study investigates the relative contributions of broad phonological skills and vocabulary to production and judgement accuracies of the Dutch past tense…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphemes, Phonology, Language Processing
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Ansari, Arya; Purtell, Kelly M. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2018
Using nationally representative data from the Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 Cohort (n = 2,798), this study examined patterns of absenteeism and their consequences through the transition to kindergarten. Overall, children were less likely to be absent in kindergarten than from Head Start at ages 3 and 4. Absenteeism was fairly stable…
Descriptors: Attendance, Kindergarten, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Education
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Sun, He; Steinkrauss, Rasmus; Wieling, Martijn; de Bot, Kees – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2018
This study examines the English vocabulary development of 43 very young child English as a foreign language (FL) learners (age 3.2-6.2) in China. They were tested twice for vocabulary breadth (reception and production) and semantic depth (paradigmatic and syntagmatic vocabulary knowledge). The development of the English vocabulary knowledge…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Chinese
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Wood, Carla; Wofford, Mary Claire; Schatschneider, Christopher – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2018
This project aimed to describe oral narrative retells of Spanish-English speaking dual language learners (DLLs) and examine relationships with standardized vocabulary assessments. Investigators described oral narrative retells of 145 DLLs in kindergarten and first grade by number of different words (NDW), words per minute (WPM), and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Oral Language, Prediction, Vocabulary Development
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Perovic, Alexandra; Wexler, Ken – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2018
This study investigates the knowledge of binding in 21 English-speaking children with SLI, aged 6;08-16;05, compared to 21 children with WS, language- and age-matched, and 21 language-matched control children, aged 4-7;10. Our results demonstrate no difficulties in the interpretation of reflexive or personal pronouns in SLI, revealing an intact…
Descriptors: Speech Impairments, Language Impairments, Genetic Disorders, Children
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Leaf, Justin B.; Leaf, Ronald; Leaf, Jeremy A.; Alcalay, Aditt; Ravid, Daniel; Dale, Stephanie; Kassardjian, Alyne; Tsuji, Kathleen; Taubman, Mitchell; McEachin, John; Oppenheim-Leaf, Misty L. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2018
Today, the use of formal preference assessments, including paired-stimulus preference assessments, is widely utilized to help determine which items to use as reinforcers during intervention. A second way to determine potential reinforcers is to analyze multiple dimensions of a stimulus in the moment, a procedure known as in-the-moment reinforcer…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Preferences, Reinforcement, Stimuli
Kuchle, Laura; Brown, Seth; Coukoulis, Nicholas – American Institutes for Research, 2018
The 3-year Pennsylvania Dyslexia Screening and Early Literacy Intervention Pilot Program (Pilot) began in 2015-16 (Year 1) with the kindergarten class of 2015-16 (Cohort 1). In 2016-17 (Year 2), the Pilot was implemented with Cohort 1 students, now in first grade, and a second cohort of kindergarteners (Cohort 2). A third cohort will be added in…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Screening Tests, Emergent Literacy, Early Intervention
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Wilke, Franziska; Hachfeld, Axinja; Anders, Yvonne – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2018
The present study examines the effects of a family support program on children's socio-emotional and language development. We analyze how participating in courses that aim to improve the relationship between parents and their children is associated with child development. Two different course formats (parenting skills-focused and parent-child…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Parent Child Relationship, Interaction, Social Development
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Nida, Robert E. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2018
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the eyewitness memory performance of 3- and 5-year-old African American children (N = 33) from lowincome households. The children were asked to remember the routine details of a physical examination immediately after the physical exam and again after a delay interval of 6 weeks. Age-related…
Descriptors: Memory, African American Children, Low Income Groups, Preschool Children
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The authors tested theoretically driven predictions as to the ways in which syntactic awareness, or awareness of word order within sentences, might contribute to reading comprehension, the end goal of reading development and instruction. They conducted a longitudinal study of 100 English-speaking children followed from Grade 3 to 4. Children…
Descriptors: Syntax, Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Prediction
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Neuman, Susan B.; Kaefer, Tanya; Pinkham, Ashley M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
There is a virtual consensus regarding the types of language processes, interactions, and material supports that are central for young children to become proficient readers and writers (Shanahan et al., 2008). In this study, we examine these supports in both home and school contexts during children's critical transitional kindergarten year.…
Descriptors: Children, Low Income Groups, Poverty, Interaction
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Browne, Dillon T.; Wade, Mark; Prime, Heather; Jenkins, Jennifer M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
There is an ongoing need for literature that identifies the effects of broad contextual risk on school readiness outcomes via family mediating mechanisms. This is especially true amongst diverse and urban samples characterized by variability in immigration history. To address this limitation, family profiles of sociodemographic and contextual risk…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, School Readiness, Urban Areas, Family Characteristics
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