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Krist, Christina; Schwarz, Christina V.; Reiser, Brian J. – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Mechanistic reasoning, or reasoning systematically through underlying factors and relationships that give rise to phenomena, is a powerful thinking strategy that allows one to explain and make predictions about phenomena. This article synthesizes and builds on existing frameworks to identify essential characteristics of students' mechanistic…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Heuristics, Epistemology, Middle School Students
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Klahr, David – Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2019
Learning scientists often use Donald Stokes's influential characterization of the relation between basic and applied research in his book "Pasteur's Quadrant" to suggest that most of the work in the learning sciences lies, or should lie, at the intersection of both types of research, that is, in the cell that is epitomized by Pasteur's…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Scientists, Correlation, Science Education
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Lichene, Claudia – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2019
European and international research shows how the child has an attitude, in relation to the knowledge of the natural world, characterized by curiosity and free exploration. My research refers to the theoretical contribution of Dewey ([1933. "How We Think: A Restatement of the Relationship of Reflective Thinking to the Educational…
Descriptors: Science Education, Preschool Education, Intellectual Development, Educational Philosophy
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Kapon, Shulamit; Merzel, Avraham – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2019
We present an analysis of the "in situ" support provided to preservice physics teachers (PPTs) enrolled in a Methods for Teaching Physics course (N = 28) at a research university, while working on the design of 20 lessons in mechanics and waves they taught later in the course. The PPTs submitted 4 evolving plans for each lesson, and…
Descriptors: Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Beliefs, Design, Physics
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Mashood, K. K.; Singh, Vijay A. – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2019
A large scale survey reveals that the performance of the Indian preuniversity students in internationally standardized physics tests is intermediate to the American and the Chinese but reveals a disturbing bimodality. Scientific reasoning skills, however, are similar to both. The bimodality in physics tests corresponds to two different educational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cultural Differences, Secondary School Science, Science Education
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Awad, Nayif Adil; Salman, Esmael; Barak, Moshe – European Journal of STEM Education, 2019
The insufficiency of teachers who teach integrative science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) courses is a major challenge facing science education today. Many teachers lack adequate expertise to combine disciplines and choose effective instructional approaches. This study examines how and to what extent teachers might succeed in…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Interdisciplinary Approach, Science Education, Scientific Concepts
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Pitts, Wesley; Lehner-Quam, Alison – International Journal of ePortfolio, 2019
This article highlights a case study that assesses how graduate-level, in-service science teachers engage in an ePortfolio social pedagogy ecosystem to document their growth in knowledge practices and dispositions in information literacy. The ePortfolio social pedagogy ecosystem and this study are situated within the context of the Catalyst…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Inservice Teacher Education, Science Education, Secondary School Science
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Mustafa Alpaslan, Muhammet – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The gender gap continues to exist in physics education. The author examines the gender-related differences in the relations and strengths among personal epistemologies, motivation, and achievement in physics among Turkish high school students. Established questionnaires were used to identify students' personal epistemologies, motivations and…
Descriptors: Physics, Gender Differences, Science Achievement, High School Students
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do Nascimento, Agatha Santos; de Oliveira, Felipe Sales; Bianconi, M. Lucia – Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education, 2019
The bibliometric analysis of the Brazilian periodical "Journal of Biochemistry Education" (JBE) covered the 117 articles published in 15 volumes in the period 2001-2017. Our results showed a positive trend in JBE publications with a significant increase in the number of articles since 2014, which can be related to the increase in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bibliometrics, Periodicals, Biochemistry
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Zhu, Yanmei; Zhang, Li; Leng, Yue; Pang, Ridong; Wang, Xiaole – Mind, Brain, and Education, 2019
Event-related potentials are used to test the hypothesis that an intuitive misconception persists in the mind even after the acquisition of scientific knowledge. We investigated the temporal dynamics of neural mechanisms in solving a scientific problem involving a common misconception. It showed that the increased P2 component was elicited by the…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Misconceptions, Hypothesis Testing
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Goldstein, Marion; Famularo, Lisa; Kynn, Jamie; Pierson, Elizabeth – Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 2019
To become robust scientific thinkers, children need meaningful opportunities to engage in science learning across a variety of contexts. Unfortunately, many children, especially those in urban settings and from low-income families, do not get the experiences needed to deepen their understanding of a broad range of scientific ideas, nor do they…
Descriptors: Outdoor Education, Discovery Learning, Science Education, Informal Education
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Sánchez-Rivas, Enrique; Ruiz-Palmero, Julio; Sánchez-Rodríguez, José – Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 2019
The type of tests used most by Primary Education teachers in the Spanish education system is traditional examinations, despite not fulfilling the educational qualities that pedagogy and the Spanish law prescribe for assessment processes. In this study, an assessment test has been designed by applying game-design elements to examinations of the…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Natural Sciences, Science Education, Elementary School Science
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Hagger, Martin S.; Hamilton, Kyra – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Background: Beyond ability, traits related to perseverance, such as grit and self-discipline, are associated with adaptive educational outcomes. Few studies have examined the independent effects of these traits on outcomes and the mechanisms involved. Aims: This study estimated parameters of a process model in which grit-perseverance of effort…
Descriptors: Science Education, Grades (Scholastic), Personality Traits, Predictor Variables
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Schenk, Linda; Hamza, Karim M.; Enghag, Margareta; Lundegård, Iann; Arvanitis, Leena; Haglund, Karin; Wojcik, Andrzej – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The present paper takes its point of departure in risk being a relevant content for science education, and that there are many different approaches to how to incorporate it. By reviewing the academic literature on the use and definitions of risk from fields such as engineering, linguistics and philosophy, we identified key elements of the risk…
Descriptors: Science Education, Definitions, Probability, Models
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Pauley, Catlin M.; McKim, Aaron J.; Curry, Kevin W., Jr.; McKendree, R. Bud; Sorensen, Tyson J. – Journal of Agricultural Education, 2019
Interdisciplinary learning experiences (i.e., experiences which illuminate learning of, and connections among, multiple disciplines) are essential to building a more robust understanding of the interconnections of multiple systems. Having an interdisciplinary understanding positively influences the ability of learners to contribute to solving…
Descriptors: Interdisciplinary Approach, Agricultural Education, Science Education, Secondary School Curriculum
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