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Nader, Anne-Marie; Courchesne, Valérie; Dawson, Michelle; Soulières, Isabelle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) is widely used to estimate autistic intelligence (Joseph in The neuropsychology of autism. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011; Goldstein et al. in "Assessment of autism spectrum disorders." Guilford Press, New York, 2008; Mottron in "J Autism Dev Disord" 34(1):19-27, 2004).…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Martins, Margarida Alves; Salvador, Liliana; Albuquerque, Ana; Silva, Cristina – Educational Psychology, 2016
Our aim was to assess the impact of an invented spelling programme conducted in small groups on children's written language acquisition in Portuguese. We expected the experimental group to have better post-test results than the control group in spelling and reading. Participants were 160 preschool-age children who were randomly divided into an…
Descriptors: Invented Spelling, Small Group Instruction, Written Language, Language Acquisition
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Welter, Marisete Maria; Jaarsveld, Saskia; van Leeuwen, Cees; Lachmann, Thomas – Creativity Research Journal, 2016
Threshold theory predicts a positive correlation between IQ and creativity scores up to an IQ level of 120 and no correlation above this threshold. Primary school children were tested at beginning (N = 98) and ending (N = 70) of the school year. Participants performed the standard progressive matrices (SPM) and the Test of Creative…
Descriptors: Prediction, Creativity, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation
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Arosio, Fabrizio; Pagliarini, Elena; Perugini, Maria; Barbieri, Lina; Guasti, Maria Teresa – First Language, 2016
The study investigated morphosyntactic abilities and semantic-pragmatic competence in 24 children with developmental dyslexia aged 7-12 years. Morphosyntactic abilities were investgated in a direct object clitic production task, semantic-pragmatic competence in a quantifier comprehension task. Children with dyslexia produced fewer clitics than…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Italian, Morphology (Languages), Syntax
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Zanchi, Paola; Zampini, Laura; Fasolo, Mirco; D'Odorico, Laura – First Language, 2016
The present study examines narrative competence and its relationships with syntactic and prosodic skills in preschool children. The narrative skills of 30 typically developing Italian children were assessed during their first year of kindergarten attendance (T1) and again one year later (T2). A picture book was used to elicit children's…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Syntax
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Arancibia, Violeta; Boyanova, Diana; González, Pablo – Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The purpose of the study was to reveal the cognitive characteristics of talented children who come from economically vulnerable contexts in Chile. Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) was administered to a sample of 5,160 students who took part in the process of identification of gifted students from the program PENTA UC in Chile between…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Individual Characteristics, Academically Gifted, Economically Disadvantaged
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Montgomery, Charlotte B.; Allison, Carrie; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Cassidy, Sarah; Langdon, Peter E.; Baron-Cohen, Simon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
The present study examined whether adults with high functioning autism (HFA) showed greater difficulties in (1) their self-reported ability to empathise with others and/or (2) their ability to read mental states in others' eyes than adults with Asperger syndrome (AS). The Empathy Quotient (EQ) and "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Recognition (Psychology)
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Veraksa, Aleksander; Veraksa, Nikolay – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2016
This article defines the concepts related to symbolic and sign representations, cognition and learning in the early years. The first study experiment of teaching 33 preschool children (19 boys and 14 girls; M = 68, 5 months) the notion of rainbow phenomenon proved the equal effectiveness of the use of both sign and symbolic tools. The second study…
Descriptors: Nouns, Language Acquisition, Preschool Children, Elementary School Students
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Ujma, Péter P.; Sándor, Piroska; Szakadát, Sára; Gombos, Ferenc; Bódizs, Róbert – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Sleep spindles act as a powerful marker of individual differences in cognitive ability. Sleep spindle parameters correlate with both age-related changes in cognitive abilities and with the age-independent concept of IQ. While some studies have specifically demonstrated the relationship between sleep spindles and intelligence in young children, our…
Descriptors: Sleep, Cognitive Ability, Age Differences, Intelligence Quotient
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Cockcroft, Kate; Bloch, Lauren; Moolla, Azra – Education as Change, 2016
This study investigated whether measures of verbal working memory are less sensitive to children's socioeconomic background than traditional vocabulary measures. Participants were 120 school beginners, divided into high and low socioeconomic groups. The groups contained equal numbers of English first-language and second-language speakers. All were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Short Term Memory, Vocabulary, English (Second Language)
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Stagnitti, Karen; Bailey, Alison; Hudspeth Stevenson, Edwina; Reynolds, Emily; Kidd, Evan – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2016
The current study investigated the influence of a play-based curriculum on the development of pretend play skills and oral language in children attending their first year of formal schooling. In this quasi-experimental design, two groups of children were followed longitudinally across the first 6 months of their first year at school. The children…
Descriptors: Investigations, Play, Oral Language, Foreign Countries
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Tvardovskaya, Alla A.; Svinar, Elena V. – International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 2016
The relevance of the investigated problem is caused by the fact that most children who start to study do not have a good level of higher mental functions. It leads to difficulties at school and health problems. The article aims at estimating the level of higher mental functions and the degree of educational motivation development among…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Thinking Skills
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Salmi, Hannu; Thuneberg, Helena; Vainikainen, Mari-Pauliina – European Journal of Engineering Education, 2016
Outreach activities, like mobile science exhibitions, give opportunities to hands-on experiences in an attractive learning environment. We analysed attitudes, motivation and learning during a science exhibition visit, their relations to gender and future educational plans in Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Belgium (N = 1210 sixth-graders). Pupils'…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Work Attitudes, Gender Differences, Outreach Programs
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Swanson, H. Lee; Kudo, Milagros; Guzman-Orth, Danielle – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
This study investigated the prevalence and stability of latent classes at risk for reading disabilities (RD) in elementary-aged children whose first language is Spanish. To this end, children (N = 489) in Grades 1, 2, and 3 at Wave 1 were administered a battery of reading, vocabulary, and cognitive measures (short-term memory [STM], working memory…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities
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Oakland, Thomas; Wechsler, Solange Muglia – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2016
This article provides guidelines for an entry-level course that prepares psychology students and practitioners to acquire entry-level skills, abilities, knowledge, and attitudes important to the individual assessment of intellectual abilities of children and youth. The article reviews prominent international, regional, and national policies,…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Intelligence Tests, School Psychology, School Psychologists
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