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Freeman, Nancy; Hackley, Sandra; Corning, Lisa – Young Children, 2004
Early childhood program directors must juggle many responsibilities while averting one crisis after another. Although directors have to be experts in multitasking, most often they assume their many responsibilities with little or no specialized training. This article describes how the authors created the Directors of the Midlands Development and…
Descriptors: Grants, Early Childhood Education, Administrators, Administrator Attitudes
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Flavell, John; Hartman, Beverley – Young Children, 2004
If developmental psychologists were asked to nominate the most exciting, cutting-edge research area in the field's recent history, many would vote for the area popularly known as theory-of-mind development, the childhood acquisition of everyday, common-sense knowledge and beliefs about the mental world. This article deals with several research…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Development, Preschool Education
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Quintero, Elizabeth – Young Children, 2004
By using a problem-posing, critical literacy approach employing children's literature, even the complex issues of a world in conflict and confusion can be addressed through an ongoing dialogue. In this article, the author defines "critical literacy" as a process of constructing and critically using language (oral and written) as a means of…
Descriptors: Childrens Literature, Multicultural Education, Teaching Methods, Preschool Education
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Squires, Jim – Young Children, 2004
Divorce is viewed as a national tragedy, particularly for its impact on young children, who lacked any control over the situation yet were most susceptible to its emotional pain and uncertainty. Children lost the security of a home, predictable routines, and loving family members. Innocent lives were transformed forever, often for the worse.…
Descriptors: Divorce, Young Children, Teacher Persistence, Preschool Teachers
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Gray, Heather – Young Children, 2004
Documentation lets teachers visibly assess children's interests and abilities and serves as a tool for recording, reflecting, and supporting children. It also provides parents, children, and others a window into what is happening in the classroom. In The Children's School, the laboratory school at Mills College, teachers are always in search of…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Infants, Laboratory Schools, Documentation
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Sluss, Dorothy J.; Stremmel, Andrew J. – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2004
This study examined Vygotsky's theoretical notion that play creates the zone of proximal development by investigating the effects of peer interaction within the context of constructive play with blocks. The authors used the Play Observation Scale (Rubin, 1989) to observe 100 four-year-olds in naturalistic settings. Forty-eight children were…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Play, Peer Influence, Case Studies
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Walker, Sharryn Larsen – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2004
Perceptions of emergent literacy by three family child care providers are described. These perceptions were gathered through ethnographic data collection techniques, including participant-observation, field notes, interviews, and document analysis. The providers described their understandings of emergent literacy through perceptions about…
Descriptors: Early Experience, Ethnography, Emergent Literacy, Child Care
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Kamii, Constance; Miyakawa, Yoko; Kato, Yasuhiko – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2004
To study the developmental interrelationships among various aspects of logico-mathematical knowledge, 80 one- to 4-year-olds were individually asked to build "something tall" with 20 blocks. Percentages of new and significant behaviors increased with age and were analyzed in terms of the development of logico-mathematical relationships. It was…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Mathematics Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Educational Games
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Hansen, Cory Cooper – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2004
This study documented how young children talked about story in a supportive environment. Participants were 22 kindergartners and their teacher, who engaged in extended talk about story after listening to a picture book or chapter from a novel. Data collected included transcripts of videotaped conversations during large- and small-group discussions…
Descriptors: Literacy, Literacy Education, Kindergarten, Young Children
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Shim, Jonghee; Hestenes, Linda; Cassidy, Deborah – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2004
The present study examined the relationships between teacher structure, teacher behaviors, and child care quality. Participants included 72 female teachers from 44 preschool classrooms. Both a global measure of quality and a measure of teacher-child interaction were utilized. Results showed that a co-teacher structure was associated with higher…
Descriptors: Child Care, Teacher Behavior, Teacher Student Ratio, Preschool Education
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Recchia, Susan L.; Lee, Yoon-Joo – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2004
This paper describes the experiences of three toddlers with developmental delays and their caregivers in an inclusive child care center. Case study methodology was used to synthesize data representing initial issues presented by parents, caregivers' reflections on their relationships with the toddlers, and interactions between toddlers with…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Disabilities, Developmental Delays, Child Care
Wasson, Julie – Child Care Information Exchange, 2004
Some business experts predict that a tight economy, intense competition, and demanding customers will become the norm for at least the next decade. To ride what may be rough waters in target markets, commitment to quality must go beyond a beautiful center, a recognized curriculum, and a well-trained staff. Willingness to take necessary action now…
Descriptors: Marketing, Child Care, Enrollment Influences, Child Care Centers
Rafanello, Donna – Child Care Information Exchange, 2004
The job of the early childhood director requires becoming comfortable in performing a wide variety of tasks. Being a director demands skills in many different areas, as well as the ability to focus one's attention in many directions at once. This is the broad description of the director's job, but very little attention has been focused on the…
Descriptors: Administrators, Early Childhood Education, Administrator Role, Writing (Composition)
Berl, Patricia Scallan – Child Care Information Exchange, 2004
The child care workforce is changing. More than ever before, directors must contend with faculty whose educational levels, job expectations, and career aspirations differ widely. Teachers vary in their experience, professional demeanor, stages in career development, and most recently, generational differences that impact the significance and…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Professional Development, Staff Development, Early Childhood Education
Neugebauer, Roger – Child Care Information Exchange, 2004
While the recession has slowed the overall growth of the "for profit"' child care sector, many new players are entering this arena bringing fresh perspectives and new energy. To glean some insight into how these new players view prospects for that sector, two of the new leaders, Tom Heymann and Gary Graves were interviewed. Heymann was appointed…
Descriptors: Child Care, Early Childhood Education, Economic Factors, Educational Principles
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