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Journal of Autism and…4364
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Boland, Kelly M.; Stichter, Janine P.; Beversdorf, David Q.; Christ, Shawn E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Recent research has documented impaired ability to resist interference from visual distractors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggests that this phenomenon may be more pronounced in young versus older children (Christ et al., "Neuropsychology" 25(6):690-701, 2011). The present study extends previous findings by…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Adolescents
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Huijnen, Claire A. G. J.; Lexis, Monique A. S.; Jansens, Rianne; de Witte, Luc P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of this research was to study roles, strengths and challenges of robot-mediated interventions using robot KASPAR for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twelve focus group sessions were organized in which 70 ASD care and/or education professionals participated. Six roles for KASPAR were identified: provoker, reinforcer, trainer,…
Descriptors: Robotics, Intervention, Children, Autism
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Cañigueral, Roser; Hamilton, Antonia F. de C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic people process gaze differently than typical people, but it is not yet clear if these differences lie in the processing of eye-shapes or the belief in whether others can see (perceptual mentalizing). We aimed to investigate whether these two models of gaze processing modulate social seeking in typical and autistic adults. We measured…
Descriptors: Autism, Beliefs, Nonverbal Communication, Cognitive Processes
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Harwood, Caitlin; Kaczmarek, Elizabeth; Drake, Deirdre – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the role of companion canines in the lives of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Interviews were conducted with 11 mothers of children with ASD (aged 5-12) who owned a canine companion in a multiple case study methodology. Transcript analysis revealed the emergence of five major themes, namely; love and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Animals, Therapy
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Garcia-Villamisar, D.; Moore, D.; Garcia-Martínez, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on pain in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is in its infancy, with almost nothing known about how individual differences may predicting pain response in ASD. In the present study, 45 adults (28 male, age 22-48 years) with diagnoses of autism and intellectual delay were observed during vaccination or dental cleaning and their pain…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pain, Clinical Diagnosis
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Hillman, Jennifer L.; Anderson, Connie M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We know little about custodial grandparents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who offer a vital social safety net. 117 custodial grandparents of children with ASD from 37 states completed an online survey with open-ended questions about their "greatest challenges and joys" as grandparent. Grounded theory analysis revealed…
Descriptors: Grandparents Raising Grandchildren, Child Custody, Child Rearing, Grandchildren
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Tremblay, Isabelle; Grondin, Steffany; Laberge, Anne-Marie; Cousineau, Dominique; Carmant, Lionel; Rowan, Anita; Janvier, Annie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parents' understanding/expectations regarding genetic testing for children with developmental disorders were explored. Within a month of testing, interviews were conducted with 57 parents. Many (74%) could not recall the nature of testing. Parents expected genetic testing to have positive impacts for the child (93%) and the family (98%), mainly to…
Descriptors: Parents, Expectation, Parent Attitudes, Children
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Kim, So Yoon; Miele, David B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study used mixed-effects logistic regression to examine undergraduates' (N = 142) evaluations and reasoning about scenarios involving disability-based exclusion. Scenarios varied by disability [autism spectrum disorder (ASD) versus learning disability (LD)], the context of exclusion (classroom versus social), and whether or not a grade was at…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Autism, Learning Disabilities
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Haraguchi, Hideyuki; Stickley, Andrew; Saito, Aya; Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Kamio, Yoko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Little is known about the across time stability of autistic traits during the transition period from preschool to school age in the general population. The current study compared autistic traits assessed by a mother-reported quantitative measure, the Social Responsiveness Scale, at age 5 and 8 years and examined the intraclass correlation…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Autism, Young Children, Comparative Analysis
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Vogel, David; Falter-Wagner, Christine M.; Schoofs, Theresa; Krämer, Katharina; Kupke, Christian; Vogeley, Kai – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although the experience of time is of central relevance for psychopathology, qualitative approaches to study the inner experience of time have been largely neglected in autism research. We present results from qualitative data acquired from 26 adults with high functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Employing inductive content analysis we…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Time, Psychopathology
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Rasmussen, Lotte; Pratt, Nicole; Roughead, Elizabeth; Moffat, Anna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Based on data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children linked with pharmacy dispensing data from the Australian Government's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, we calculated the 1-year prevalence of psychotropic medicine supply in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as reported by parents in 2014. The majority of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Incidence, Drug Therapy, Children
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Alabaf, Setareh; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundström, Sebastian; Lichtenstein, Paul; Kerekes, Nóra; Råstam, Maria; Anckarsäter, Henrik – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
With increasing numbers of children being diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) attention has been drawn to these children's physical health. We aimed to identify the prevalence of defined physical problems (epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cancer, diabetes, psoriasis, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, diarrhea, constipation, daytime…
Descriptors: Physical Health, Neurological Impairments, Epilepsy, Diseases
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Baptista, Joana; Sampaio, Adriana; Fachada, Inês; Osório, Ana; Mesquita, Ana R.; Garayzabal, Elena; Duque, Frederico; Oliveira, Guiomar; Soares, Isabel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study compared maternal responsiveness to children with two neurodevelopmental disorders sharing different but, in some cases, overlapping social phenotypes--Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)--and explored the relations between maternal responsiveness and child emotional/behavioural problems (EBP). The sample included…
Descriptors: Mothers, Mother Attitudes, Child Rearing, Preschool Children
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Dueñas, Ana D.; Plavnick, Joshua B.; Bak, M. Y. Savana – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Preschool aged children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have marked deficits in pretend play that impede interactions with typically developing peers in inclusive early childhood settings. This study aimed to teach three young children with ASD to engage in pretend play behaviors with their peers. A multiple probe across participants…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Play
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Bo, Jin; Pang, YanLi; Dong, Liangsan; Xing, Yu; Xiang, Yuan; Zhang, Mingting; Wright, Morgan; Shen, Bo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Several recent studies revealed that physical activity programs that focus on fundamental motor skills could enhance both motor and social performance. The purpose of this pilot was to explore whether the social impairment of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) moderated the motor outcomes of a physical activity program. Nine children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Physical Activities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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