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Johnson, Jerry; Howley, Craig B. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2015
This article focuses on contemporary federal education policy as it manifests in rural schools. Rural schools differ appreciably from nonrural schools in terms of organizational systems, structures, and culture. Federal policies that drive school improvement initiatives (e.g., those regulating the functioning of schools and those managing the…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Federal Government, Rural Schools, Policy Analysis
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Williams, Sheneka M. – Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 2015
As the federal role in education continuously evolves, accountability pressures for performance extend from classrooms to principals' offices. This newer form of accountability is changing the landscape of how school leaders are prepared, and ultimately, how they are evaluated. For some time, the onus of student achievement has been placed on…
Descriptors: Principals, Administrator Education, Administrator Evaluation, Accountability
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Wieczorek, Douglas; Theoharis, George – NASSP Bulletin, 2015
This study reports on four urban middle- and high school principals' emotionally shaped sense making of Race to the Top policies and their ability to balance the competing demands of teachers' emotional needs with the charge to implement mandated, accountability-driven, instructional, and evaluation changes in their schools. Despite the pressure…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Middle Schools, High Schools, Principals
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Kealey, Jarrett; Peterson, Renee; Thompson, Angela; Waters, Kristin – College and University, 2015
The road from prekindergarten (pre-K) to post-doctoral (post-doc) work is riddled with potholes, detours, u-turns, and construction zones. National education initiatives such as No Child Left Behind, the Common Core, Race to the Top, Performance-Based Funding, College Readiness and Completion Acts, and Post-Graduate Gainful Employment Reports…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Strategic Planning, Barriers
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Church, Audrey P. – School Library Research, 2015
Evaluation of instructional personnel is standard procedure in our Pre-K-12 public schools, and its purpose is to document educator effectiveness. With Race to the Top and No Child Left Behind waivers, states are required to implement performance-based evaluations that demonstrate student academic progress. This three-year study describes the…
Descriptors: Performance Based Assessment, Personnel Evaluation, Librarians, School Libraries
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Kirshner, Ben; Jefferson, Anton – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background/Context:Federal policy, as codified in Race to the Top (RTT) funding guidelines, outlines four types of intervention: turnaround, restart, closure, and transformation. RTT has embraced a technocratic paradigm for school reform that frames choice less as the opportunity for the public to deliberate about what it wants from its schools…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Intervention, Social Justice
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Nese, Joseph F. T.; Tindal, Gerald; Stevens, Joseph J.; Elliott, Stephen N. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2015
The stakes of large-scale testing programs have grown considerably in the past decade with the enactment of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and Race To The Top (RTTT) legislations. A significant component of NCLB has been required reporting of annual yearly progress (AYP) of student subgroups disaggregated by sex, special education status, English…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Measurement
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Tienken, Christopher H. – Kappa Delta Pi Record, 2015
The ubiquitous use of standardized test results to make varied judgments about educators, students, and schools within the public school system raises concerns of validity. If the test results have not been validated for making multiple determinations, then the decisions made about educators, students, schools, and school districts based on the…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Test Use, Test Results, Test Interpretation
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Howell, William G. – Education Next, 2015
Caught between extraordinary public expectations and relatively modest constitutional authority, U.S. presidents historically have fashioned all sorts of mechanisms--executive orders, proclamations, memoranda--by which to move their objectives forward. William Howell asserts that under President Barack Obama's administration, presidential…
Descriptors: Federal Programs, Educational Policy, Policy Formation, State Policy
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McGuinn, Patrick – State Education Standard, 2015
The "Race to the Top" competitive grant program initiated a wave of teacher evaluation reform, which scholars and policymakers have long identified as critical to improving teacher quality and student performance. State boards of education (SBEs) and state education agencies (SEAs) took different approaches to these reforms, and as a…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, State Policy, Case Studies, Program Implementation
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Gates, Karol; Hansen, Deb; Tuttle, Lynn – Arts Education Policy Review, 2015
The purpose of this report is to provide insight into how state departments are implementing legislative requirements for educator evaluation, particularly the specific circumstances states encounter around arts education. Spotlights on Delaware, a first-round recipient of Race to the Top funding, and Colorado and Arizona, third-round recipients,…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Art Education, State Departments of Education, State Standards
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McClendon, Lynne – Dimension, 2015
The Southern Conference on Language Teaching (SCOLT), like many other language-related organizations, flourishes in the context of periodic educational agendas and reforms, in turn, influenced by economic, political, and social ideologies of the time, and it is therefore instructive to revisit briefly the educational landscape of the previous two…
Descriptors: Professional Associations, Educational History, Second Language Instruction, Educational Change
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Brown, Kathleen M. – Journal of Education and Practice, 2015
Great schools need great leaders! In fact, according to recent research by Seashore Louis, Leithwood, Wahlstrom and Anderson (2010), "To date we have not found a single case of a school improving its student achievement record in the absence of talented leadership (p.9)." As such, North Carolina's Race-to-the-Top (RttT) grant earmarked…
Descriptors: Principals, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Federal Programs
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Derrington, Mary Lynne; Campbell, John W. – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2015
Teacher evaluation is a major reform initiative in public education's high accountability policy environment. Principals' effective implementation of this high-stakes reform is challenged by time management, policy coherence, communication with teachers, district support, and staff development imperatives. Effective implementation requires moving…
Descriptors: Principals, Superintendents, Administrator Attitudes, Teacher Evaluation
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Ballou, Dale; Springer, Matthew G. – Educational Researcher, 2015
Our aim in this article is to draw attention to some underappreciated problems in the design and implementation of evaluation systems that incorporate value-added measures. We focus on four: (1) taking into account measurement error in teacher assessments, (2) revising teachers' scores as more information becomes available about their students,…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Effectiveness, Scores, Error of Measurement
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