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Gummer, Tobias; Roßmann, Joss – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
Propensity score weighting often is used to correct for attrition biases in panel surveys. While methodological literature exists on the logic of propensity score weighting and its practical applications, an in-depth discussion is lacking on the effects of using this weighting to correct for attrition biases in attitudinal, behavioral, and…
Descriptors: Attrition (Research Studies), Bias, Probability, Attitudes
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Hintsanen, Mirka; Gluschkoff, Kia; Dobewall, Henrik; Cloninger, C. Robert; Keltner, Dacher; Saarinen, Aino; Wesolowska, Karolina; Volanen, Salla-Maarit; Raitakari, Olli T.; Pulkki-Råback, Laura – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Compassion is known to predict prosocial behavior and moral judgments related to harm. Despite the centrality of compassion to social life, factors predicting adulthood compassion are largely unknown. We examined whether qualities of parent-child-relationship, namely, emotional warmth and acceptance, predict offspring compassion decades later in…
Descriptors: Altruism, Prosocial Behavior, Moral Values, Adults
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Kachel, Ulrike; Tomasello, Michael – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The problem with collaboration is that there are temptations to defect. Explicit joint commitments are designed to mitigate some of the risks, but people also feel committed to others implicitly when they both know together that they each hold the other's fate in their hands. In the current study, pairs of 3-year-old and 5-year-old children (N =…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Cooperation, Persistence, Resistance (Psychology)
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Hoddy, Eric T. – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
Whilst critical realism (CR) is becoming recognised as a significant meta-theory for the social sciences, there is little guidance on how to produce research which is consistent with its ontological and epistemological assumptions. This article contributes to an emerging discussion about how CR can be applied, drawing on an example of a…
Descriptors: Critical Theory, Realism, Grounded Theory, Social Science Research
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Hanrahan, Stephanie; Rynne, Steven; Beckman, Emma; Rossi, Tony – European Physical Education Review, 2019
In its contemporary form, sport for development has been positioned as an important part of strategic policy for a variety of governmental and sporting organisations. One area that has been targeted by governments and a variety of sporting partners has been the impact of sport on non-communicable diseases (NCDs, sometimes colloquially referred to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Activity Level, Athletics, Child Behavior
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Mygind, Laerke; Kryger, Tine; Sidenius, Gry; Schipperijn, Jasper; Bentsen, Peter – European Physical Education Review, 2019
Since children spend a large proportion of their time in institutional settings such as schools, health promotion researchers have identified this as an important setting to promote physical activity (PA). Apart from physical education, PA could be integrated into the school curriculum in other ways. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine…
Descriptors: Field Trips, Museums, Elementary School Students, Physical Activity Level
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Hazar, Zekihan – Asian Journal of Education and Training, 2019
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between digital game addiction and the motivation for digital game-playing, and to develop suggestions towards the solution of the research problem through the relationship between these two concepts. The study is designed according to the quantitative research method and the relational…
Descriptors: Computer Games, Addictive Behavior, Motivation, Elementary School Students
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Cheung, Peggy – European Physical Education Review, 2019
School-based physical activity (PA), including activity during physical education (PE) lessons and after-school hours, is a possible opportunity for increasing children's daily PA. The purposes of this study were (a) to compare children's school-based PA levels during PE lessons and after-school hours and (b) to examine whether there is a…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Physical Education, Child Health, Health Behavior
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Bowles, Richard; Chróinín, Déirdre Ní; Murtagh, Elaine – European Physical Education Review, 2019
The provision of regular physical activity opportunities has the potential to have positive health benefits for children. This study used qualitative interviews and focus groups to examine the experiences of two Irish primary school communities as they worked to attain an Active School Flag. The data suggest that engagement in this formal physical…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Activity Level, Physical Activities, Health Behavior
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Viciana, Jesús; Mayorga-Vega, Daniel; Parra-Saldías, Maribel – European Physical Education Review, 2019
All Latin-American countries are affected by the lack of physical activity and its consequences on youth. Chile's population has shown troublingly low levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. This is the first study using objectively measured physical activity levels in Chilean adolescents. The objectives were to compare the compliance…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Adolescents, Physical Activity Level
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Teng, Zhaojun; Nie, Qian; Guo, Cheng; Zhang, Qian; Liu, Yanling; Bushman, Brad J. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Although adolescents around the world play video games, little is known about their longitudinal effects on adolescents from Eastern countries. This large longitudinal violent video game study has 4 strengths. First, it is the first longitudinal study conducted with Chinese adolescents. Second, it examines moral disengagement as a possible…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Video Games, Violence
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Duncan, Michael; Cunningham, Anna; Eyre, Emma – European Physical Education Review, 2019
This study examined the effect of a six week combined movement and story-telling intervention on motor competence and naming vocabulary in British pre-schoolers. Using a cluster randomised design, three pre-school classes were allocated to one of a combined movement and story-telling intervention (n = 22), or a movement only (n = 25) or…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Intervention, Motor Development, Psychomotor Skills
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Wheeler, Sharon; Green, Ken; Thurston, Miranda – European Physical Education Review, 2019
This paper reports on the patterns of participation in organised sports of youngsters coming towards the end of primary school, with a view to identifying emergent sporting habits in relation to social class gradients. The data for the study were generated via 90 semi-structured interviews with parents and children from 62 families. The data…
Descriptors: Social Class, Elementary School Students, Parent Attitudes, Team Sports
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Merrem, Anne M.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew D. – European Physical Education Review, 2019
Studies of prospective physical education teachers' (PPETs') acculturation have been useful in terms of facilitating the development of effective physical education teacher education (PETE) programmes because they provide teacher education faculty with a description of incoming recruits' values and beliefs and an understanding of how these values…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Physical Education Teachers, Preservice Teachers, Foreign Countries
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Gerdin, Göran; Philpot, Rod Allan; Larsson, Lena; Schenker, Katarina; Linnér, Susanne; Moen, Kjersti Mordal; Westlie, Knut; Smith, Wayne; Legge, Maureen – European Physical Education Review, 2019
The way school Health and Physical Education (HPE) is conceptualized and taught will impact on its ability to provide equitable outcomes across gender, sexuality, ethnicity, religion and social class. A focus on social justice in HPE is pertinent in times when these ideals are currently under threat from neoliberal globalization. This paper draws…
Descriptors: Social Justice, Social Differences, Health Education, Physical Education
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