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Lower-Basch, Elizabeth – Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2008
On February 5, 2008, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) published the final rules implementing changes in the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program made by the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA). While these rules do not affect the overall statutory limitations on counting education and training toward the…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Vocational Education, Welfare Services, Welfare Recipients
Caspar, Emma, Ed. – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2008
The purpose of "Focus" is to provide coverage of poverty-related research, events, and issues, and to acquaint a large audience with the work of the Institute for Research on Poverty by means of short essays on selected pieces of research. This issue contains the following articles: (1) The new global labor market (Richard B. Freeman);…
Descriptors: Poverty, Child Welfare, Labor Market, Foreign Countries
Lippman, Laura; Vandivere, Sharon; Keith, Julie; Atienza, Astrid – Child Trends, 2008
For many low-income and single parents, employment depends on securing reliable, affordable child care. Yet these parents may face greater challenges than do higher-income and two-parent families in making affordable, appropriate child care arrangements that complement their work schedules. Indeed, the cost, availability, stability, and quality of…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Child Care, Employed Parents, One Parent Family
Farrell, Mary; Rich, Sarah; Turner, Lesley; Seith, David; Bloom, Dan – MDRC, 2008
Time limits on benefit receipt became a central feature of federal welfare policy in the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA). Proponents of welfare reform argued that the time limits in the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, would send a firm message to recipients that welfare is…
Descriptors: Employment Services, Family Income, Public Housing, Welfare Recipients
Person, Ann; Pavetti, LaDonna; Max, Jeffrey – Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., 2008
This practice brief profiles three programs, two statewide and one local, that provide work opportunities to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients who are participating in vocational education programs. The authors selected programs that combine vocational education and paid work because this strategy reinforces the emphasis of…
Descriptors: Employment Opportunities, Vocational Education, Welfare Services, Work Study Programs
Duke, Amy-Ellen; Strawn, Julie – Jobs for the Future, 2008
Just as American business and industry need workers with higher skills to compete in a global economy, workers need higher skills to get ahead. This convergence presents an opportunity for states to work with their community colleges and other key partners to help business and industry compete and entry-level workers advance to higher-paying jobs.…
Descriptors: Credentials, Economic Development, Entry Workers, Community Colleges
Foster, Lisa K. – California Research Bureau, 2008
School districts are central players in the child care delivery system: they operate a mix of child care centers and programs, serve a range of children of different ages, and fund their programs from a variety of federal, state, and local sources. This report provides a range of programmatic and fiscal information about the federal and state…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Educational Finance, School Districts, Child Care Centers
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Irving, Shelley K. – Rural Sociology, 2008
This research compares the likelihood of exiting TANF with and without employment and the effects of important state TANF rules on welfare exits in more disadvantaged (large Rustbelt cities and poor southern nonmetro) and less disadvantaged (other metro and other nonmetro) areas during the 1996-2003 post-welfare reform period. Hierarchical…
Descriptors: Income, Economically Disadvantaged, Metropolitan Areas, Welfare Services
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Montoya, Isaac D. – Journal of Employment Counseling, 2008
Three classification techniques (Chi-square Automatic Interaction Detection [CHAID], Classification and Regression Tree [CART], and discriminant analysis) were tested to determine their accuracy in predicting Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program recipients' future employment. Technique evaluation was based on proportion of correctly…
Descriptors: Employment, Marital Status, Objective Tests, Discriminant Analysis
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Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R.; Caspar, Emma – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2008
In most states, child support paid on behalf of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants is used to offset TANF and child support administrative expenditures; this policy primarily benefits taxpayers. In contrast, Wisconsin allowed most custodial parents to keep all support paid on their behalf. This policy, which treats welfare…
Descriptors: Welfare Services, Children, Financial Support, Social Services
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Sosulski, Marya R.; Lawrence, Catherine – Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 2008
This article discusses the practical application of mixed quantitative and qualitative designs. Mixed methods designs can be especially powerful in illuminating policy solutions and directions for social action, thus supporting the social justice goals of social work and other helping professions. However, the decision to combine methods must be…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Qualitative Research, Statistical Analysis, Welfare Services
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Wu, Chi-Fang; Cancian, Maria; Meyer, Daniel R. – Social Work Research, 2008
This study identified the employment and earnings trajectories of welfare recipients over six years for a sample of 14,150 women who entered the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program (TANF) in Wisconsin in its first year. Wisconsin longitudinal administrative data were used to examine differential patterns of mid-term (three years) and…
Descriptors: Income, Longitudinal Studies, Employment Patterns, Success
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Letiecq, Bethany L.; Bailey, Sandra J.; Porterfield, Fonda – Journal of Family Issues, 2008
Guided by an ecological perspective on family policy, this qualitative study used family life history interviews to document the legal and policy dilemmas faced by 26 grandparent caregivers residing in Montana. Most grandparents (n = 18) were caring for their grandchildren in informal or private care arrangements. Findings revealed four legal or…
Descriptors: Family Life, Child Welfare, Caregivers, Grandchildren
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Harris, Marian S.; Skyles, Ada – Journal of Family Issues, 2008
To highlight the individual and systemic practices that perpetuate the overuse of and reliance on kinship care and instead emphasize family reunification as the permanency plan for African American children in the child welfare system, the authors first discuss how kinship care is affected by federal child welfare policy and provide a historical…
Descriptors: African American Children, Child Welfare, Family Relationship, Foster Care
Sandel, Kate; Bhat, Soumya – Finance Project, 2008
Leaders of programs serving rural America need to act strategically to ensure the long-term success of their initiatives. This strategy brief describes the funding landscape of rural programs and highlights the unique challenges confronting rural program leaders. It describes the different public and private resources that can support…
Descriptors: Leisure Time, After School Programs, Rural Areas, Educational Finance
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