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Journal of Autism and…4432
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Feldman, Jacob I.; Kuang, Wayne; Conrad, Julie G.; Tu, Alexander; Santapuram, Pooja; Simon, David M.; Foss-Feig, Jennifer H.; Kwakye, Leslie D.; Stevenson, Ryan A.; Wallace, Mark T.; Woynaroski, Tiffany G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research shows that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ in their behavioral patterns of responding to sensory stimuli (i.e., sensory responsiveness) and in various other aspects of sensory functioning relative to typical peers. This study explored relations between measures of sensory responsiveness and multisensory speech…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Ide, Masakazu; Yaguchi, Ayako; Sano, Misako; Fukatsu, Reiko; Wada, Makoto – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Many individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have symptoms of sensory hypersensitivity. Several studies have shown high individual variations in temporal processing of tactile stimuli. We hypothesized that these individual differences are linked to differences in hyper-reactivity among individuals with ASD. Participants performed two tasks…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Decision Making
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Keehn, Brandon; Westerfield, Marissa; Townsend, Jeanne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study investigates how task-irrelevant auditory information is processed in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Eighteen children with ASD and 19 age- and IQ-matched typically developing (TD) children were presented with semantically-congruent and incongruent picture-sound pairs, and in separate tasks were instructed to attend to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Visual Stimuli
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Lundin, Andreas; Kosidou, Kyriaki; Dalman, Christina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Background: The autism-spectrum quotient scale was developed to study autism as a spectrum. Few studies have examined the psychometric properties of the 10 item AQ (AQ-10). We examine the AQ-10 measurement ability and convergent validity in a population health survey (n = 44,722). Methods: The item severity and item discrimination was assessed…
Descriptors: Autism, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Measures (Individuals)
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Hatta, Kyoko; Hosozawa, Mariko; Tanaka, Kyoko; Shimizu, Toshiaki – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Subclinical traits of autism were measured in children with somatic symptom disorder (SSD, n = 28) and compared with age-matched controls (n = 26) using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) children's version. The KINDL[superscript R] quality of life questionnaire was used to assess functional disability. Although there was no significant group…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Disabilities, Children
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Tillmann, Julian; Swettenham, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To test a central assumption of the increased perceptual capacity account in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the effects of perceptual load and target-stimulus degradation on auditory detection sensitivity were contrasted. Fourteen adolescents with ASD and 16 neurotypical controls performed a visual letter search task under three…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Difficulty Level, Auditory Perception, Autism
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Lindor, Ebony; Rinehart, Nicole; Fielding, Joanne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although most researchers agree that individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit atypical attention, there is little consensus on the exact nature of their deficits. We explored whether attentional control in ASD varies as a function of motor proficiency. Nineteen children with ASD and 26 typically-developing controls completed the…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychomotor Skills
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Medda, Juliane E.; Cholemkery, Hannah; Freitag, Christine M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of the present study was to establish diagnostic validity of the new algorithm of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale, the ADOS-2, to differentiate between ASD and other clinically relevant psychiatric and developmental disorders in a large German sample. Validity of ADOS and ADOS-2 diagnostic algorithms was established in 826…
Descriptors: Autism, Diagnostic Tests, Observation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Syriopoulou-Delli, Christine K.; Polychronopoulou, Stavroula A.; Kolaitis, Gerasimos A.; Antoniou, Alexandros-Stamatios G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit comorbidity with anxiety. The aim of this study was the investigation of the perception of teachers on anxiety in school children with ASD. The Scale Teacher Response (SAS-TR) questionnaire was completed by 291 special education and 118 general education teachers, providing data on students in…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Anxiety, Intelligence Quotient, Correlation
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Prendeville, P.; Kinsella, W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A family systems approach is required to identify the needs of families of children with autism. This paper explores how grandparents support children with autism and their parents using a family systems perspective. A thematic analysis of eighteen semi-structured interviews was conducted with participants from nine families, capturing experiences…
Descriptors: Grandparents, Parent Role, Parent Attitudes, Behavior Problems
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Gurbuz, Emine; Hanley, Mary; Riby, Deborah M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The number of university students with autism is increasing, and it is crucial that these students can access adequate support. An online questionnaire was completed by 26 autistic students and 158 non-autistic students enrolled at UK universities to investigate social and academic experiences. Autistic students self-reported significant…
Descriptors: College Students, Autism, Social Experience, Student Experience
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Burns, Amy; Irvine, Mandy; Woodcock, Kate – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Adults with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms and in the general population self-focused attention has been associated with depression. Here, we aimed to examine the relationships between aspects of self-focused attention and symptoms of depression in individuals with a diagnosis of ASD.…
Descriptors: Attention, Depression (Psychology), Adults, Autism
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Lambert, Joseph M.; Parikh, Naomi; Stankiewicz, Kristen C.; Houchins-Juarez, Nealetta J.; Morales, Vivian A.; Sweeney, Erin M.; Milam, Molly E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Challenging behaviors involving food are common for individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and often lead to obesity and other chronic health conditions. Efforts to decrease these behaviors, such as isolation during meals and strict monitoring of food consumption, can be stigmatizing. To decrease the food stealing of a 7 year-old girl with…
Descriptors: Food, Behavior Problems, Genetic Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Rogers, S. J.; Estes, A.; Vismara, L.; Munson, J.; Zierhut, C.; Greenson, J.; Dawson, G.; Rocha, M.; Sugar, C.; Senturk, D.; Whelan, F.; Talbott, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Short-term low intensity parent implemented intervention studies for toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have found it difficult to demonstrate significantly improved developmental scores or autism severity compared to community treatment. We conducted a randomized comparative intent-to-treat study of a parent implemented intervention to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Toddlers, Coaching (Performance)
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Knüppel, Ane; Telléus, Gry Kjaersdam; Jakobsen, Helle; Lauritsen, Marlene Briciet – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Daytime activity, in terms of engagement in an occupation or education, is highly important for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), regardless of their level of functioning. In this nationwide survey, the parents of young adults diagnosed with ASD in childhood (n = 1266) provided information about the current daytime activity of their…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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