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Sanders, Elizabeth A.; Berninger, Virginia W.; Abbott, Robert D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Sequential regression was used to evaluate whether language-related working memory components uniquely predict reading and writing achievement beyond cognitive-linguistic translation for students in Grades 4 through 9 (N = 103) with specific learning disabilities (SLDs) in subword handwriting (dysgraphia, n = 25), word reading and spelling…
Descriptors: Regression (Statistics), Short Term Memory, Predictor Variables, Reading Achievement
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Miles, Sandra; Fulbrook, Paul; Mainwaring-Mägi, Debra – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
Universal screening of very early school-age children (age 4-7 years) is important for early identification of learning problems that may require enhanced learning opportunity. In this context, use of standardized instruments is critical to obtain valid, reliable, and comparable assessment outcomes. A wide variety of standardized instruments is…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Screening Tests, Young Children, Usability
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Mantzicopoulos, Panayota; Patrick, Helen; Strati, Anna; Watson, Jesse S. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
We investigated the premise that observation measures of instruction are indicators of effective teaching, using the definition of effectiveness articulated by departments of education: teaching that boosts student achievement. We argued that student motivation is equally as important as achievement in the evaluation of teaching effectiveness…
Descriptors: Observation, Teacher Effectiveness, Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers
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Ng, Shukhan; Payne, Brennan R.; Stine-Morrow, Elizabeth A. L.; Federmeier, Kara D. – Grantee Submission, 2018
We investigated how struggling adult readers make use of sentence context to facilitate word processing when comprehending spoken language, conditions under which print decoding is not a barrier to comprehension. Stimuli were strongly and weakly constraining sentences (as measured by cloze probability), which ended with the most expected word…
Descriptors: Adults, Reading Difficulties, Sentences, Context Effect
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Palermo, Francisco; Ispa, Jean M.; Carlo, Gustavo; Streit, Cara – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We tested a culturally integrative model examining the associations among economic hardship during infancy and Latino children's later sociobehavioral problems and academic skills prior to kindergarten entry, whether mothers' mental health problems and positive parenting behaviors mediated those associations, and whether they varied by mothers'…
Descriptors: Infants, Economically Disadvantaged, Preschool Children, Hispanic Americans
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Coker, David L., Jr.; Jennings, Austin S.; Farley-Ripple, Elizabeth; MacArthur, Charles A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Previous research has demonstrated that writing instruction can support reading achievement (Graham & Hebert, 2011); however much of this work involved carefully designed interventions. In this study, we evaluated a conceptual framework of the direct and indirect effects of typical writing instruction and student writing practice on reading…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Reading Achievement, Drills (Practice), Grade 1
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Benson, Nicholas F.; Beaujean, A. Alexander; Donohue, Ashley; Ward, Emily – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2018
W scores are used in a number of commercially available tests. Due to their complex nature, it can be hard for applied researchers and practitioners to understand them or even acquire information about them beyond what is provided in technical manuals. In this article, we provide information regarding the background and derivation of W scores that…
Descriptors: Scores, Item Response Theory, Achievement Tests, Cognitive Ability
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Olszewski, Arnold; Guo, Ying; Breit-Smith, Allison – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2018
Children with disabilities often demonstrate difficulties in code-focused and meaning-focused domains of literacy. Best practice indicates that skills within these domains should be taught together. The current study used principles of ABAB single-case experimental design to monitor the development of narrative retelling and phonemic awareness in…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Phonemic Awareness, Grade 3, Elementary School Students
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Wenz-Gross, Melodie; Yoo, Yeonsoo; Upshur, Carole C.; Gambino, Anthony J. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Efforts to improve the achievement gap between low-income children and their more affluent peers has led to the development of classroom interventions and curricula to increase executive functioning (EF) and social-emotional skills (SE), thought to be foundational for learning. The Second Step Early Learning (SSEL) curriculum is a commercially…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Achievement Gap, At Risk Students, Executive Function
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Kim, Matthew H.; Morrison, Frederick J. – AERA Open, 2018
The current study used a regression discontinuity (RD) design to characterize more precisely the link between schooling and literacy by examining whether and how different grade-level, practice-as-usual schooling experiences uniquely predict specific literacy subskills during the transition to school. Data from 334 children revealed moderate…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Emergent Literacy, Preschool Education, Kindergarten
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Nguyen, Tutrang; Jenkins, Jade Marcus; Auger Whitaker, Anamarie – AERA Open, 2018
Head Start and state prekindergarten (pre-K) programs can boost the school readiness of low-income children through the use of effective preschool curricula. Encouraging results from some studies suggest that children who receive targeted or content-specific curricular supplements (e.g., literacy or math) during preschool show moderate to large…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Preschool Education, School Readiness, Low Income Students
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Barnett, W. Steven; Jung, Kwanghee; Friedman-Krauss, Allison; Frede, Ellen C.; Nores, Milagros; Hustedt, Jason T.; Howes, Carollee; Daniel-Echols, Marijata – AERA Open, 2018
State-funded prekindergarten (preK) programs are increasingly common across the country. This study estimated the effects of eight state-funded preK programs (Arkansas, California, Michigan, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and West Virginia) on children's learning using a regression discontinuity design. These programs vary with…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Vocabulary Development, Emergent Literacy
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Hernández, Maciel M.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Thompson, Marilyn S.; Spinrad, Tracy L.; Grimm, Kevin J.; VanSchyndel, Sarah K.; Berger, Rebecca H.; Silva, Kassondra M.; Pina, Armando A.; Southworth, Jody; Gal, Diana E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
We examined individual trajectories, across four time points, of children's (N = 301) expression of negative emotion in classroom settings and whether these trajectories predicted their observed school engagement, teacher-reported academic skills, and passage comprehension assessed with a standardized measure in first grade. In latent growth curve…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Negative Attitudes, Emotional Response
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Coker, David L.; Ritchey, Kristen D.; Uribe-Zarain, Ximena; Jennings, Austin S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
To help all students meet the writing expectations of the Common Core State Standards, researchers need a deeper understanding of the characteristics of struggling writers. The purpose of this study was to explore the writing profiles of students including those who have or are at risk for writing disabilities. First-grade students (N = 391) were…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Writing Skills, Writing Evaluation
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Gatlin, Brandy; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Wanzek, Jeanne – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
We discuss a component-based, developmental view of text writing fluency, which we tested using data from children in Grades 2 and 3. "Text writing fluency" was defined as efficiency and automaticity in writing connected texts, which acts as a mediator between text generation (oral language), transcription skills, and writing quality. We…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Case Studies
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