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Child Development6514
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Ribot, Krystal M.; Hoff, Erika; Burridge, Andrea – Child Development, 2018
The unique relation of language use (i.e., output) to language growth was investigated for forty-seven 30-month-old Spanish-English bilingual children (27 girls, 20 boys) whose choices of which language to speak resulted in their levels of English output differing from their levels of English input. English expressive vocabularies and receptive…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Bilingualism, Expressive Language, Interpersonal Communication
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Forssman, Linda; Wass, Sam V. – Child Development, 2018
This study investigated transfer effects of gaze-interactive attention training to more complex social and cognitive skills in infancy. Seventy 9-month-olds were assigned to a training group (n = 35) or an active control group (n = 35). Before, after, and at 6-week follow-up both groups completed an assessment battery assessing transfer to…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Interpersonal Communication, Infant Behavior, Communication Skills
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MacNeill, Leigha A.; Ram, Nilam; Bell, Martha Ann; Fox, Nathan A.; Pérez-Edgar, Koraly – Child Development, 2018
This study examined how timing (i.e., relative maturity) and rate (i.e., how quickly infants attain proficiency) of A-not-B performance were related to changes in brain activity from age 6 to 12 months. A-not-B performance and resting EEG (electroencephalography) were measured monthly from age 6 to 12 months in 28 infants and were modeled using…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Cognitive Development, Infants
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Weatherhead, Drew; Friedman, Ori; White, Katherine S. – Child Development, 2018
Three experiments examined 4- to 6-year-olds' use of potential cues to geographic background. In Experiment 1 (N = 72), 4- to 5-year-olds used a speaker's foreign accent to infer that they currently live far away, but 6-year-olds did not. In Experiment 2 (N = 72), children at all ages used accent to infer where a speaker was born. In both…
Descriptors: Young Children, Cues, Pronunciation, Inferences
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DeJesus, Jasmine M.; Hwang, Hyesung G.; Dautel, Jocelyn B.; Kinzler, Katherine D. – Child Development, 2018
Adults implicitly judge people from certain social backgrounds as more "American" than others. This study tests the development of children's reasoning about nationality and social categories. Children across cultures (White and Korean American children in the United States, Korean children in South Korea) judged the nationality of…
Descriptors: North Americans, English, Native Speakers, Child Development
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Lervåg, Arne; Hulme, Charles; Melby-Lervåg, Monica – Child Development, 2018
Listening comprehension and word decoding are the two major determinants of the development of reading comprehension. The relative importance of different language skills for the development of listening and reading comprehension remains unclear. In this 5-year longitudinal study, starting at age 7.5 years (n = 198), it was found that the shared…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Skills, Reading Comprehension, Decoding (Reading)
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Wang, Jing-Yi; Weber, Frederik D.; Zinke, Katharina; Inostroza, Marion; Born, Jan – Child Development, 2018
Abilities to encode and remember events in their spatiotemporal context (episodic memory) rely on brain regions that mature late during childhood and are supported by sleep. We compared the temporal dynamics of episodic memory formation and the role of sleep in this process between 62 children (8-12 years) and 57 adults (18-37 years). Subjects…
Descriptors: Long Term Memory, Adults, Sleep, Comparative Analysis
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Papafragou, Anna; Friedberg, Carlyn; Cohen, Matthew L. – Child Development, 2018
During communication, conversational partners should offer as much information as is required and relevant. For instance, the statement "Some Xs Y" is infelicitous if one knows that all Xs Y. Do children understand the link between speaker knowledge and utterance strength? In Experiment 1, 5-year-olds (N = 32) but not 4-year-olds…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Inferences, Interpersonal Communication, Child Development
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Adams, Katherine A.; Marchman, Virginia A.; Loi, Elizabeth C.; Ashland, Melanie D.; Fernald, Anne; Feldman, Heidi M. – Child Development, 2018
This study examined associations between caregiver talk and language skills in full term (FT) and preterm (PT) children (n = 97). All-day recordings of caregiver-child interactions revealed striking similarities in amount of caregiver talk heard by FT and PT children. Children who heard more caregiver talk at 16 months demonstrated better…
Descriptors: Risk, Premature Infants, Language Skills, Language Acquisition
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Gonzales, Christopher R.; Fabricius, William V.; Kupfer, Anne S. – Child Development, 2018
This study assessed children's (N = 236) ability to introspect the mental states of "seeing" and "knowing" relative to their ability to attribute each state to others. Children could introspect "seeing" 10 months before they could introspect "knowing." Two- and 3-year-olds correctly reported their own…
Descriptors: Reflection, Theory of Mind, Young Children, Cognitive Development
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Larson, Leila M.; Martorell, Reynaldo; Bauer, Patricia J. – Child Development, 2018
Nutrition plays an important role in the development of a child, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where malnutrition is often widespread. The relation between diet, hemoglobin, nutritional status, motor development, stimulation and mental development was examined in a cross-sectional sample of 1,079 children 12-18 months of age…
Descriptors: Nutrition Instruction, Child Development, Dietetics, Low Income Groups
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Green, Melissa J.; Tzoumakis, Stacy; McIntyre, Brooke; Kariuki, Maina; Laurens, Kristin R.; Dean, Kimberlie; Chilvers, Marilyn; Harris, Felicity; Butler, Merran; Brinkman, Sally A.; Carr, Vaughan J. – Child Development, 2018
This study examined associations between maltreatment and early developmental vulnerabilities in a population sample of 68,459 children (M[subscript age] = 5.62 years, SD = 0.37) drawn from the Australian state of New South Wales, using linked administrative data for the children and their parents (collected 2001-2009). Associations were estimated…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Development, Preschool Children, Correlation
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Tanskanen, Antti O.; Danielsbacka, Mirkka – Child Development, 2018
Associations between grandparental investment and child outcomes were investigated using three waves of a longitudinal British Millennium Cohort Study that included children between the ages of 9 months and 5 years (n = 24,614 person-observations from 13,744 children). Grandparental investment was measured by parent--grandparent contact frequency…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Behavior Problems, Questionnaires, Screening Tests
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Schneider, Michael; Merz, Simon; Stricker, Johannes; De Smedt, Bert; Torbeyns, Joke; Verschaffel, Lieven; Luwel, Koen – Child Development, 2018
The number line estimation task is widely used to investigate mathematical learning and development. The present meta-analysis statistically synthesized the extensive evidence on the correlation between number line estimation and broader mathematical competence. Averaged over 263 effect sizes with 10,576 participants with sample mean ages from 4…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Numbers, Mathematics Instruction, Children
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Legette, Kamilah – Child Development, 2018
School tracking creates vast differential learning and schooling opportunities that lead to different academic trajectories. Black adolescents are disproportionally placed in nonhonors tracks possibly compromising their racial and academic identity. Interviews with 20 socioeconomically diverse 12 to 13 year old Black seventh graders revealed that…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Honors Curriculum, Student Attitudes, Grade 7
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