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Anderson, Kenneth Alonzo – Middle Grades Review, 2018
This study investigates the effectiveness of North Carolina "Senate Bill 402, Section 8.36 -- Grants for School Resource Officers in Elementary and Middle Schools," which provides matching state funds to districts for use in middle and elementary schools. Using generalized difference-in-difference and negative binomial hurdle regression…
Descriptors: Middle Schools, Police, State Policy, School Safety
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Pianta, Robert C.; Ansari, Arya – Educational Researcher, 2018
By tracking longitudinally a sample of American children (n = 1,097), this study examined the extent to which enrollment in private schools between kindergarten and ninth grade was related to students' academic, social, psychological, and attainment outcomes at age 15. Results from this investigation revealed that in unadjusted models, children…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Academic Achievement, Social Development, Psychological Patterns
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Peters-Burton, Erin E.; Johnson, Todd – International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology, 2018
In an attempt to broaden participation in STEM, a new type of high school is emerging, high schools which include a focus on engineering, have few or no academic admission criteria, and actively involve students of all levels of ability, known as Inclusive STEM High Schools (ISHSs). One aspect of successful ISHSs includes the intentional and…
Descriptors: STEM Education, High Schools, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education
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Grimmett, Marc A.; Lupton-Smith, Helen; Beckwith, Alyx; Englert, Michael K.; Messinger, Erik – Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 2018
Providing access to high-quality health services for all people is a national problem further compounded when the focus is mental health. Long-term primary prevention strategies and solutions, foundational to best practices in public health, are often considered at odds with short-term profit-driven private sector approaches within the…
Descriptors: Health Services, Access to Health Care, Community Health Services, Mental Health
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Bausell, Sarah Byrne; Glazier, Jocelyn A. – Harvard Educational Review, 2018
Given the well-documented pervasiveness of high-stakes assessment in preK--12 schools, many researchers have investigated how testing affects students. In this article, Sarah Byrne Bausell and Jocelyn A. Glazier explore the ways that high-stakes testing influences beginning teacher socialization and the ways that teacher colleagues shape one…
Descriptors: Beginning Teachers, Teacher Orientation, Socialization, High Stakes Tests
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Vandermaas-Peeler, Maureen; Westerberg, Lauren; Fleishman, Hailey; Sands, Kaitlin; Mischka, Melissa – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2018
This study investigated the influence of guidance instruction and type of activity on parental guidance of young children's mathematics and scientific inquiry during cooking, games, and nature activities at home. Thirty families participated with their preschool-aged child; half were randomly assigned to an inquiry guidance instruction group and…
Descriptors: Parents as Teachers, Parent Role, Preschool Children, Inquiry
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Bastian, Kevin C.; Patterson, Kristina M.; Pan, Yi – Journal of Teacher Education, 2018
States are incorporating evaluation ratings into new, multioutcome teacher preparation program (TPP) evaluation systems, yet little is known about the relationships between TPPs and the evaluation ratings of program graduates. To address this gap, we use teachers' ratings on the North Carolina Educator Evaluation System to determine whether TPPs…
Descriptors: Teacher Education Programs, Program Evaluation, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Evaluation
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Bastian, Kevin C.; Lys, Diana; Pan, Yi – Journal of Teacher Education, 2018
Teacher candidate performance assessments represent a promising source of data for evidence-based program improvement. However, teacher preparation programs (TPPs) interested in reform face a crucial question: how to identify actionable evidence in performance-assessment data. To address this concern, we propose a two-pronged empirical framework…
Descriptors: Teacher Education Programs, Program Evaluation, Performance Based Assessment, Scores
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Sun, Min – AERA Open, 2018
Despite public interest and government action toward diversifying the teaching workforce in U.S. public schools, our knowledge about the retention and transfer patterns of Black teachers lacks specificity and clarity. In this study, I find that Black teachers' annual retention rate was about 4 percentage points lower than that of White teachers in…
Descriptors: African American Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Whites, Racial Differences
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Cohen, Julie; Ruzek, Erik; Sandilos, Lia – AERA Open, 2018
Teacher evaluation systems treat instructional quality as generic. Principals often observe elementary teachers in one subject and generalize assessments to all subjects. However, there is little empirical work to justify these decisions. This study provides needed evidence about whether elementary teachers engage in comparable instruction across…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Reliability, Educational Quality
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Ramirez, Gerardo; Hooper, Sophia Yang; Kersting, Nicole B.; Ferguson, Ronald; Yeager, David – AERA Open, 2018
Elementary school teachers' math anxiety has been found to play a role in their students' math achievement. The current study addresses the role of teacher math anxiety on ninth-grade students' math achievement and the mediating factors underlying this relationship. Using data from the National Mindset Study, we find that higher teacher math…
Descriptors: Mathematics Anxiety, Mathematics Instruction, Adolescents, Mathematics Achievement
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Huang, Yi Ting; Arnold, Jennifer E. – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2018
Reference production is often studied through single dimensions of contrast (e.g., "tall glass" when there are one or two glasses of varying height). Yet real-world communication is rarely so simple, raising questions about the factors guiding more complex referents. The current study examines decisions to mention set relations (e.g.,…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Vignettes, Discourse Analysis, Communication (Thought Transfer)
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Stokes, Nathan; Arendt, Susan W. – Journal of Child Nutrition & Management, 2018
Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of the study was to determine types and frequency of local food products purchased by schools as part of FTS programs and to identify whether differences in purchasing exist relative to school size (number of lunches served). Methods: A valid and reliable questionnaire was developed from qualitative interviews with…
Descriptors: Food Service, Food, Purchasing, School Personnel
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Wang, Haiwen; Means, Barbara; Young, Viki; House, Ann – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2018
Policymakers argue that only by enlarging the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) pipeline in a way that attracts, supports, and sustains the participation of students from all kinds of backgrounds can the United States meet its needs for science and technology innovation, economic prosperity, and social well-being (National…
Descriptors: STEM Education, High School Students, Disproportionate Representation, Institutional Mission
Wolfe, Christy; Sheridan-McIver, Fiona – National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, 2018
Public charter schools present tremendous opportunities to increase the access of Native students to high-quality schools. Understanding current growth and the location of schools serving Native students is an important first step in the larger policy discussion on Native education and charter schools. This brief provides the latest data available…
Descriptors: Charter Schools, American Indian Students, Alaska Natives, Hawaiians
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