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Lawlor, John M., Jr. – 2001
The cases of Henry Garnett and Moses Honner bookend the 1850s, a decade of intensifying political crisis that was deeply connected to the institution of slavery. In both court actions, which were tried in the Third Circuit Court, Eastern District, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the defendants were charged with being "fugitives from labor."…
Descriptors: Civil War (United States), Comparative Analysis, Court Litigation, Federal Government
Schur, Joan Brodsky – 2000
In April 1917, President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany. Under the powers granted to it by the U.S. Constitution, Congress passed the Selective Service Act of 1917. Among the first regiments to arrive in France, and among the most highly decorated when it returned, was the 369th Infantry, more gallantly known as the…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Armed Forces, Blacks, Government Role
Kelly, Kerry C. – 2000
In 1917, after much agitation for alcohol prohibition by many temperance societies and organizations, the House of Representatives wanted to make Prohibition the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and sent the amendment to the states for ratification. Thirteen months later enough states said yes to the amendment. It was now against the law to…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Government Role, Laws, National Standards
Simmons, Linda – 2000
From the outbreak of World War I in Europe until the signing of the Versailles Treaty, President Woodrow Wilson's administration proposed and implemented an extraordinary number of programs that affected people in their everyday activities. In August 1917 Congress passed the Food and Fuel Control Act, also known as the Lever Act, which gave the…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Food, Government Role, National Standards
Lawlor, John M., Jr. – 2000
By late winter 1933, the United States had already endured more than 3 years of economic depression. During the previous summer, the Democratic Party platform had unveiled a generalized plan for economic recovery. President Franklin D. Roosevelt set about to prepare the nation to accept expansion of federal power since he recognized that the…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Government Role, National Standards, Persuasive Discourse
Gray, Tom – 2000
During World War II, a close friendship and excellent working relations developed between President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) and Prime Minister Winston Churchill that were crucial in the establishment of a unified effort to deal with the Axis powers. In early 1941, FDR began the long-term correspondence that developed into a close working…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Foreign Policy, National Standards, Presidents of the United States
Greene, Mary Frances – 2000
This lesson focuses on the role of the Electoral College in the election of the President and Vice-President as specified in the U.S. Constitution in Article II, Section 1, Clauses 2 and 4, and the Twelfth Amendment. The lesson correlates to the National History Standards and the National Standards for Civics and Government. The tally of the 1824…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Elections, Presidents of the United States, Primary Sources
Traill, David – 2000
Planning for "Operation Overlord" had been under way for about a year when General Dwight Eisenhower, commander of all the Allied forces in Europe, was ordered in February 1944 to invade the continent. Thousands of troops from the United States, Great Britain, France, Canada, and other nations were assembled in southern England and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Primary Sources, Secondary Education, Social Studies
Gray, Tom – 2000
As soon as World War II ended, the United States and the Soviet Union began a struggle for supremacy. It was against the backdrop of the Cold War that the threat of internal subversion and external attack began to preoccupy Congress. On February 9, 1950, Senator Joseph McCarthy gave a speech in Wheeling, West Virginia, where he claimed to have in…
Descriptors: Communism, Government Role, National Security, Primary Sources
Greene, Mary Frances – 2000
On May 17, 1954, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren delivered the unanimous ruling in the landmark civil rights case "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas." State-sanctioned segregation of public schools was declared a violation of the 14th Amendment and was unconstitutional. This historic decision marked the end of the…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Court Litigation, Primary Sources, Public Schools
Lawlor, John M., Jr. – 2000
In August 1945, the United States unleashed an atomic weapon against the Japanese at Hiroshima and Nagasaki and brought an end to World War II. These bombs killed in two ways -- by the blast's magnitude and resulting firestorm, and by nuclear fallout. After the Soviet Union exploded its first atom bomb in 1949, the Cold War waged between the two…
Descriptors: Civil Defense, Fallout Shelters, Foreign Countries, Government Role
Kelly, Kerry C. – 2000
Paul Robeson was an athlete-scholar-concert artist-actor who was also an activist for civil and human rights. The son of a former slave, he was born and raised during segregation, lynching, and open racism. Robeson was one of the top performers of his time, earning more money than many white entertainers. His travels overseas opened his awareness…
Descriptors: Activism, Black Leadership, Case Studies, Citizenship
Clark, Linda Darus – 2000
During the Vietnam War, the U.S. military gave the press unprecedented freedom of access to combat zones. This allowed newspaper reporters, photographers, and television crews to document a war involving U.S. sons and daughters on the other side of the world. This willingness to allow war documentation also was extended to the military's own…
Descriptors: Citizen Participation, Documentation, Foreign Countries, Government Role
Simmons, Linda – 2000
In 1964, Congress passed Public Law 82-352. This civil rights act forbade hiring, promoting, and firing discrimination based on sex or race. Title VII of the act created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to implement the law. Subsequent legislation expanded the role of the EEOC. Today, the EEOC enforces laws that prohibit…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Civil Rights, Civil Rights Legislation, Government Role
Handy, Harold G. – 2000
This lesson focuses on the post-Reconstruction South and the social practices based on race and skin color that hindered the South's growth as a region and relegated many people to the status of second-class citizens, in spite of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments. The lesson provides historical background and outlines a task for students to…
Descriptors: Citizenship, Civil Rights, Class Activities, Classroom Techniques
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