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Swanson, Elizabeth; Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon; Fall, Anna-Maria; Roberts, Greg; Hall, Colby; Miller, Veronica L. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of a content knowledge and reading comprehension treatment implemented by 8th-grade social studies teachers over the course of 1 school year. We randomly assigned 8th-grade students with reading difficulties to the intervention treatment condition (n = 45) or the business-as-usual comparison condition…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Reading Comprehension, Grade 8, Social Studies
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Williams, Kelly J.; Walker, Melodee A.; Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Spelling is one of the most challenging areas for students with learning disabilities (LD), and improving spelling outcomes for these students is of high importance. In this synthesis, we examined the effects of spelling and reading interventions on spelling outcomes for students with LD in Grades K through 12. A systematic search of peer-reviewed…
Descriptors: Spelling, Reading Instruction, Learning Disabilities, Intervention
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Vaughn, Sharon; Martinez, Leticia R.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Roberts, Greg; Swanson, Elizabeth; Fall, Anna-Mária – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Supporting the reading comprehension and content knowledge acquisition of English language learners (ELs) requires instructional practices that continue beyond developing the foundational skills of reading. In particular, the challenges ELs face highlight the importance of teaching reading comprehension practices in the middle grades through…
Descriptors: Course Content, Social Studies, Grade 8, Middle School Teachers
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Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
Significant numbers of adolescents and young adults do not adequately understand complex texts, impeding their school success, access to postsecondary learning, and opportunities within an increasingly competitive work environment. National data (National Assessment of Educational Progress [NAEP], 2015) have shown improvements among fourth- and…
Descriptors: Reading Improvement, Social Studies, Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension
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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This randomized controlled trial focused on 59 struggling readers in the third and fourth grades (30 female, 29 male) and examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at increasing students' multisyllabic word reading (MWR). The study also explored the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs (MB) training component. Struggling…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Randomized Controlled Trials, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency
Torgesen, Joseph K.; Houston, Debra D.; Rissman, Lila M.; Decker, Susan M.; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Francis, David J.; Rivera, Mabel O.; Lesaux, Nonie – Center on Instruction, 2017
This document was prepared to assist literacy specialists in the national Regional Comprehensive Center network as they work with states to improve educational policy and practice in the area of adolescent literacy. It comprises three major parts: Part One: "Improving academic literacy instruction for students in grades 4-12." Based on…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Literacy Education, Content Area Reading, Content Area Writing
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Stevens, Elizabeth A.; Walker, Melodee A.; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Fluent word reading is hypothesized to facilitate reading comprehension by improving automatic word reading, thus releasing a reader's cognitive resources to focus on meaning. Many students with learning disabilities (LD) struggle to develop reading fluency, which affects reading comprehension. This synthesis extends Chard, Vaughn, and Tyler's…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension, Elementary School Students, Learning Disabilities
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Hall, Colby; Roberts, Garrett J.; Cho, Eunsoo; McCulley, Lisa V.; Carroll, Megan; Vaughn, Sharon – Educational Psychology Review, 2017
This meta-analysis synthesizes the last two decades of experimental and quasi-experimental research on reading instruction across academic contexts (e.g., social studies, science, mathematics, English language arts) for English learners (ELs) in grades 4 through 8, to determine (a) the overall effectiveness of reading instruction for upper…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Meta Analysis, Second Language Learning, Experimental Groups
Austin, Christy R.; Vaughn, Sharon; McClelland, Amanda M. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2017
A subset of students fail to respond adequately to reading interventions. This synthesis systematically reviews studies in which students in grades K-3 responded inadequately to a Tier 2 reading intervention and were provided with a Tier 3 intervention. Descriptions of the Tier 3 reading interventions and effects are provided. To meet inclusion…
Descriptors: Reading Improvement, Intervention, Synthesis, Early Childhood Education
Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – Grantee Submission, 2017
This article describes evidence-based practices that beginning special education teachers can readily implement in special or general education settings that promote reading and content outcomes for students with disabilities as well as general education students. We describe two approaches: (a) Promoting Adolescents' Comprehension of Text (PACT),…
Descriptors: Reading Improvement, Social Studies, Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Stevens, Elizabeth A.; Williams, Kelly J.; Scammacca, Nancy; Vaughn, Sharon; Sargent, Katherine – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Many students at risk for or identified with reading disabilities need intensive reading interventions. This meta-analysis provides an update to the Wanzek and Vaughn synthesis on intensive early reading interventions. Effects from 25 reading intervention studies are analyzed to examine the overall effect of intensive early reading interventions…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Early Intervention, Reading Difficulties, At Risk Students
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Capin, Philip; Walker, Melodee A.; Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne – Educational Psychology Review, 2018
Treatment fidelity data (descriptive and statistical) are critical to interpreting and generalizing outcomes of intervention research. Despite recommendations for treatment fidelity reporting from funding agencies and researchers, past syntheses have found treatment fidelity is frequently unreported (e.g., Swanson, "The Journal of Special…
Descriptors: Intervention, Fidelity, Reading Research, At Risk Students
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon; Scammacca, Nancy; Gatlin, Brandy; Walker, Melodee A.; Capin, Philip – Educational Psychology Review, 2016
This meta-analysis extends previous work on extensive Tier 3 type reading interventions (Wanzek and Vaughn "School Psychology Review," "36", 541-561, 2007; Wanzek et al. "Review of Educational Research," "83", 163-195, 2013) to Tier 2 type interventions by examining a non-overlapping set of studies…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Reading Instruction, Response to Intervention, Reading Difficulties
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Swanson, Elizabeth; Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Greg; Fall, Anna-Mária – Exceptional Children, 2016
This study investigated the effects of Promoting Adolescent Comprehension Through Text (PACT), a content knowledge and comprehension treatment for English learner and non--English learner students with disabilities who were provided instruction in general education social studies classrooms. Eighth-grade students with disabilities in the treatment…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Reading Comprehension, Disabilities, Teaching Methods
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Miciak, Jeremy; Williams, Jacob L.; Taylor, W. Pat; Cirino, Paul T.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
No previous empirical study has investigated whether the learning disabilities (LD) identification decisions of proposed methods to operationalize processing strengths and weaknesses approaches for LD identification are associated with differential treatment response. We investigated whether the identification decisions of the…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Disability Identification, Predictor Variables, Intervention
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