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Simmons, Deborah; Hairrell, Angela; Edmonds, Meaghan; Vaughn, Sharon; Larsen, Ross; Willson, Victor; Rupley, William; Byrns, Glenda – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2010
In this study, we compared the effects of two experimental multiple-strategy approaches (content-area comprehension and vocabulary) to typical fourth-grade social studies instructional practices. An 18-week, cluster-randomized study was conducted to estimate effects measured by normative-referenced reading comprehension and vocabulary measures and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Development, Content Area Reading, Grade 4
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Vaughn, Sharon; Cirino, Paul T.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Wexler, Jade; Fletcher, Jack M.; Denton, Carolyn D.; Barth, Amy; Romain, Melissa; Francis, David J. – School Psychology Review, 2010
This study examined the effectiveness of a yearlong, researcher-provided, Tier 2 (secondary) intervention with a group of sixth-graders. The intervention emphasized word recognition, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. Participants scored below a proficiency level on their state accountability test and were compared to a similar group of…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Word Recognition, Accountability
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Denton, Carolyn A.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Barth, Amy E.; Vaughn, Sharon; Francis, David J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
This article describes a randomized controlled trial conducted to evaluate the effects of an intensive, individualized, Tier 3 reading intervention for second grade students who had previously experienced inadequate response to quality first grade classroom reading instruction (Tier 1) and supplemental small-group intervention (Tier 2). Also…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Student Characteristics, Grade 2
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Hairrell, Angela; Rupley, William H.; Edmonds, Meaghan; Larsen, Ross; Simmons, Deborah; Willson, Victor; Byrns, Glenda; Vaughn, Sharon – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2011
In this study we examined the effects of dimensions of teacher quality on students' comprehension and vocabulary performance. Participants were 36 teachers and their respective 679 students in 2 medium-size school districts in central Texas, both of which served high proportions of children from low-socioeconomic status households. We matched…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Qualifications, Reading Achievement
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2009
Three students with severe reading disabilities participated in a 3-year intervention provided by trained tutors from first grade through third grade (175-231 hours). All three students demonstrated very low response to initial levels of intervention and were provided adjusted intensive intervention in an attempt to remedy their low response to…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Grade 3, Grade 1
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Edmonds, Meaghan S.; Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Reutebuch, Colleen; Cable, Amory; Tackett, Kathryn Klingler; Schnakenberg, Jennifer Wick – Review of Educational Research, 2009
This article reports a synthesis of intervention studies conducted between 1994 and 2004 with older students (Grades 6-12) with reading difficulties. Interventions addressing decoding, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension were included if they measured the effects on reading comprehension. Twenty-nine studies were located and synthesized.…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Reading Instruction, Elementary School Students
Hairrell, Angela; Vaughn, Sharon; Edmonds, Meaghan; Swanson, Elizabeth; Simmons, Deb; Larsen, Ross; Rupley, William; Willson, Victor – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine the relative effects of the single-focus interventions (vocabulary and comprehension) and the streamlined multi-component model. The program of research included a development and pilot phase, an initial experimental study and a follow-up study to further refine and test the model. Results presented here…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Followup Studies
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Cirino, Paul T.; Vaughn, Sharon; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Cardenas-Hagan, Elsa; Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David J. – American Educational Research Journal, 2009
The authors report 1-year follow-up data from 215 English language learners with reading difficulties who received a supplemental first grade reading intervention in the language of their core reading instruction. The researchers provided no intervention or boosters in second grade. The Spanish study revealed significant differences favoring…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Spanish Speaking, English (Second Language)
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Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne; Murray, Christy S.; Scammacca, Nancy; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Woodruff, Althea L. – Exceptional Children, 2009
This study examined the effects of an intensive reading intervention for students demonstrating minimal response to previous, less intensive intervention. Participants received intervention for 13 to 26 weeks in first grade. In second grade, students were screened and those meeting the benchmark (higher responders) did not received an additional…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Early Intervention, Early Reading, Learning Disabilities
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Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David J.; O'Malley, Kimberly; Copeland, Kim; Mehta, Paras; Caldwell, Cathy J.; Kalinowski, Sharon; Young, Victoria; Vaughn, Sharon – Exceptional Children, 2009
This study investigated the efficacy of a package of accommodations for poor readers in Grade 7. Students with and without word reading disabilities were randomly assigned to take an experimental version of a high-stakes reading comprehension test in 1 of 3 formats: (a) standard administration, (b) read aloud accommodations with 1-day…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Economically Disadvantaged, High Stakes Tests
Boardman, Alison Gould; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade; Murray, Christy S.; Kosanovich, Marcia – Center on Instruction, 2008
The purpose of this practice brief is to provide schools, districts, and states with background knowledge about best practices for older students who struggle to read. It focuses on the reading skills that adolescents need to more fully access content-area curricula and, in turn, secure a productive future. The authors define adolescent reading as…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Reading Difficulties, Adolescents, Reading Instruction
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Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M.; Francis, David J.; Denton, Carolyn A.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Wexler, Jade; Cirino, Paul T.; Barth, Amy E.; Romain, Melissa A. – Learning and Individual Differences, 2008
Addressing the literacy needs of secondary school students involves efforts to raise the achievement levels of all students and to address specifically the needs of struggling readers. One approach to this problem is to consider the application of a Response to Intervention (RTI) model with older students. We describe an approach to enhanced…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Reading Achievement
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Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Sharon; Edmonds, Meaghan; Reutebuch, Colleen Klein – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2008
Previous research studies examining the effects of fluency interventions on the fluency and comprehension outcomes for secondary struggling readers are synthesized. An extensive search of the professional literature between 1980 and 2005 yielded a total of 19 intervention studies that provided fluency interventions to secondary struggling readers…
Descriptors: Word Recognition, Reading Rate, Reading Instruction, Reading Difficulties
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Vaughn, Sharon; Cirino, Paul T.; Tolar, Tammy; Fletcher, Jack M.; Cardenas-Hagan, Elsa; Carlson, Coleen D.; Francis, David J. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2008
We provide data 3 to 4 years postintervention for four samples of English language learners from two sequential Grade 1 cohorts who received supplemental Grade 1 reading interventions in Spanish or English and for whom the language of instruction for intervention was matched with language of core reading instruction. Participants were 300 students…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Language of Instruction, At Risk Students
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Chard, David J.; Stoolmiller, Mike; Harn, Beth A.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Kame'enui, Edward J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008
Despite recent research findings that implicate a long list of student variables that predict reading success or failure, these predictor variables have not been considered in the context of contemporary models of multitiered schoolwide reading intervention. This longitudinal, retrospective study follows 668 kindergarten and first-grade students…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading Fluency, Standardized Tests, Predictor Variables
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