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Armor, David J.; Duck, Stephanie – Education Working Paper Archive, 2007
Recent studies have used increasingly complex methodologies to estimate the effect of peer characteristics--race, poverty, and ability--on student achievement. A paper by Hanushek, Kain, and Rivkin using Texas state testing data has received particularly wide attention because it found a large negative effect of school percent black on black math…
Descriptors: Testing, Mathematics Achievement, African American Students, Peer Influence
Hanushek, Eric A.; Rivkin, Steven G. – Education Working Paper Archive, 2007
Substantial uncertainty exists about the impact of school quality on the black-white achievement gap. Our results, based on both Texas Schools Project (TSP) administrative data and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey (ECLS), differ noticeably from other recent analyses of the black-white achievement gap by providing strong evidence that…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Academic Achievement, Racial Differences, African American Students
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Luo, Zupei; Jose, Paul E.; Huntsinger, Carol S.; Pigott, Therese D. – British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2007
This study examined whether fine motor skills were related to the initial scores and growth rate of mathematics achievement in American kindergartners and first graders. Participants were 244 East Asian American and 9,816 European American children from the US-based Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K). To control sampling bias, two…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Psychomotor Skills, Mathematics Achievement
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Hamilton, Laura; Cheng, Simon; Powell, Brian – American Sociological Review, 2007
Contemporary legal and scholarly debates emphasize the importance of biological parents for children's well-being. Scholarship in this vein often relies on stepparent families even though adoptive families provide an ideal opportunity to explore the role of biology in family life. In this study, we compare two-adoptive-parent families with other…
Descriptors: Children, Well Being, Heredity, Parents
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Allen, LaRue; Sethi, Anita; Astuto, Jennifer – NHSA Dialog, 2007
Overview: A recent evaluation of children who had participated in the Parent-Child Home Program (PCHP) as toddlers found that at kindergarten age, these children were performing at levels expected for their age, despite the fact that they had multiple factors putting them at risk for school failure. The Study: In the winter and spring of 2002, 135…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Intervention, Home Programs, Young Children
Laosa, Luis M.; Ainsworth, Pat – National Institute for Early Education Research, 2007
The growth in public preschool education is based on research that shows high-quality prekindergarten has a positive effect on children's chances of succeeding in school and life. Beneath the surface of this growth, however, lies a troubling lag in preschool education participation by the nation's largest, fastest growing and yet most…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Preschool Education, Hispanic American Students, Educational Policy
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Judge, Sharon; Jahns, Lisa – Journal of School Health, 2007
Background: Childhood overweight is a condition that is prevalent within our society, affecting more and more children each year. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between child overweight and educational outcomes. Methods: Data are reported for 13,680 children in third grade from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, a…
Descriptors: Obesity, Females, Educational Objectives, Reading Tests
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Eisenberg, Daniel; Schneider, Helen – Journal of Attention Disorders, 2007
Objective: This study investigates how the academic skills of children diagnosed with ADHD are perceived by teachers, parents, and the children themselves. Method: The authors analyze data collected for third graders in spring 2002 in the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey. They use linear regressions to estimate…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Disorders, Mathematics Tests, Grade 3, Academic Ability
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Byrd, Jimmy – International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, 2007
This study compared the effect of physical activity and obesity on academic achievement and was based on the premise that the health of a child has an effect on his or her ability to learn and to achieve academically. Specifically, health-related topics of inactivity and obesity were considered. The participants included 12,607 third grade…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Obesity, Correlation, Academic Achievement
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Rock, Donald A. – ETS Research Report Series, 2007
This study addressed concerns about the potential for differential gains in reading during the first 2 years of formal schooling (K-1) versus the next 2 years of schooling (1st-3rd grade). A multilevel piecewise regression with a node at spring 1st grade was used in order to define separate regressions for the two time periods. Empirical Bayes…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Achievement Gains, Elementary School Students, Longitudinal Studies
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Rock, Donald A. – ETS Research Report Series, 2007
This paper presents a strategy for measuring cognitive gains in reading during the early school years. It is argued that accurate estimates of gain scores and their appropriate interpretation requires the use of adaptive tests with multiple criterion referenced points that mark learning milestones. It is further argued that two different measures…
Descriptors: Scores, Cognitive Development, Computation, Test Interpretation
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Burns, Shelley, Ed.; Wang, Xiaolei, Ed.; Henning, Alexandra, Ed. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2011
Since its inception, the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) has been committed to the practice of documenting its statistical methods for its customers and of seeking to avoid misinterpretation of its published data. The reason for this policy is to assure customers that proper statistical standards and techniques have been observed,…
Descriptors: National Surveys, Data Processing, Statistical Data, Data Collection
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Kumtepe, Alper T. – Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology - TOJET, 2006
The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of computer use on children's social skills in kindergarten. Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K), conducted by National Center for Educational Statistics, was utilized to analyze differential effects of home and school computer use on kindergarten social…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Computer Uses in Education, Interpersonal Competence, Children
Grace, Cathy; Shores, Elizabeth F.; Zaslow, Martha; Brown, Brett; Aufseeser, Dena; Bell, Lynn – National Center for Rural Early Childhood Learning Initiatives - Mississippi State University Early Childhood Institute, 2006
This report shows the rural disparities in the baseline data of the Birth and Kindergarten Cohorts of the national Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS). The National Center for Rural Early Childhood Learning Initiatives, known as Rural Early Childhood, commissioned Child Trends to perform the analysis of key indicators of child well-being and…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Geographic Regions, Young Children, School Readiness
Administration for Children & Families, 2006
The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) collects data on a nationally representative sample of Head Start programs, classrooms, teachers, parents, and children examining the quality and effects of Head Start. Three waves of data collection have occurred: in 1997, 2000, and 2003. Information presented in this publication is…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Learning Activities, Disadvantaged Youth, Young Children
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