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Walters, Glenn D. – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
As research on mediation has grown, so too has interest in identifying ways to assess the size of indirect effects in a mediation analysis. One such estimate -- the ratio of the indirect effect to the total effect (P[subscript M]) -- was tested in a sample of 21,297 children from the Early Childhood Developmental Study. Results showed that the two…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Predictor Variables
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Mann, Mana; Silver, Ellen J.; Stein, Ruth E. K. – Journal of School Health, 2018
BACKGROUND: We examined factors associated with active commuting to school and the relationships of active commuting and physical activity to child- and teacher-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in a sample of third graders. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 13,166 third graders enrolled in the Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Children, Commuting Students
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Moon, Ui Jeong; Hofferth, Sandra – Teachers College Record, 2018
Background/Context: Increased interest in the correlates of media devices available to children has led to research indicating that access to and use of technology are positively associated with children's academic achievement. However, the digital divide remains; not all children have access to digital technologies, and not all children can…
Descriptors: Access to Computers, Immigrants, Children, Longitudinal Studies
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Gershenson, Seth; Hayes, Michael S. – Educational Policy, 2018
School districts across the United States increasingly use value-added models (VAMs) to evaluate teachers. In practice, VAMs typically rely on lagged test scores from the previous academic year, which necessarily conflate summer with school-year learning and potentially bias estimates of teacher effectiveness. We investigate the practical…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, Teacher Effectiveness, Scores, Comparative Analysis
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Redford, Jeremy – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
Providing English language instruction has important implications for millions of children nationwide. This Statistics in Brief first discusses differences in the student and school characteristics of kindergartners who participated in instructional programs designed to teach English language skills and students who did not participate in such…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Kindergarten, Student Participation
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Baker, Claire E. – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2018
This study used a family-centered ecological lens to examine predictive relations among fathers' and mothers' language acculturation, parenting practices, and academic readiness in a large sample of Mexican American children in preschool (N = 880). In line with prior early childhood research, parent language acculturation was operationalized as…
Descriptors: Mothers, Fathers, Acculturation, Parenting Styles
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Byrnes, James P.; Miller-Cotto, Dana; Wang, Aubrey H. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
As the United States experiences greater income inequality, more and more students experience an early science achievement gap. This study tested several competing theoretical models of early science achievement with a longitudinal sample of 14,624 children who were followed from kindergarten entry to the end of 1st grade. To understand why and…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
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Stapleton, Laura M.; Kang, Yoonjeong – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This research empirically evaluates data sets from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) for design effects of ignoring the sampling design in weighted two-level analyses. Currently, researchers may ignore the sampling design beyond the levels that they model which might result in incorrect inferences regarding hypotheses due to…
Descriptors: Probability, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Sampling, Inferences
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Hooper, Alison – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
There is considerable variation in state policies related to the certification required for teachers in kindergarten and first grade, and relatively little is known about these policies' effects on student learning. This study considers whether children who have kindergarten and first-grade teachers with certification in early childhood education…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Teacher Certification, Kindergarten, Grade 1
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Sullivan, Amanda L.; Farnsworth, Elyse M.; Susman-Stillman, Amy – Infants and Young Children, 2018
Low-income children, particularly those with special needs, may have limited access to high-quality early care experiences. Childcare subsidies are intended to increase families' access to quality care, but little is known about subsidy use by children with special needs. Using a nationally representative sample of 4,000 young children who…
Descriptors: Child Care, Educational Quality, Federal Aid, Federal Programs
Biales, Carrie – ProQuest LLC, 2018
This study used latent class analysis to examine profiles of Head Start classroom quality as measured by the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale (CIS) and the Early Childhood Environmental Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) with a large sample of classrooms (n=379). Data used in the study were taken from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Educational Quality, Early Childhood Education
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Jackson, Dylan B.; Lynch, Kellie R.; Helton, Jesse J.; Vaughn, Michael G. – Health Education & Behavior, 2018
Children experiencing or witnessing violence in the home are at risk of a number of cognitive, social, and behavioral challenges as they age. A handful of recent studies have suggested that food insecurity may be one factor associated with violence against children in the home. The present study uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal…
Descriptors: Violence, At Risk Persons, Young Children, Victims
Marquez, Jocabed G. – ProQuest LLC, 2018
The United States faces high demand for science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) professionals and a scarce supply of individuals who pursue STEM careers, especially minority populations in the U.S with proficiency in a language other than English. The primary goal of this research was to determine the impact of use of Spanish in…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Executive Function, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement
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Dicke, Theresa; Marsh, Herbert W.; Parker, Philip D.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Guo, Jiesi; Televantou, Ioulia – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
School-average achievement is often reported to have positive effects on individual achievement (peer spillover effect). However, it is well established that school-average achievement has negative effects on academic self-concept (big-fish-little-pond effect [BFLPE]) and that academic self-concept and achievement are positively correlated and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Self Concept, Peer Influence, Children
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Kranjac, Ashley W. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Embedded within children's weight trajectories are complex environmental contexts that influence obesity risk. As such, the normative environment of body mass index (BMI) within schools may influence children's weight trajectories as they age from kindergarten to fifth grade. Methods: I use 5 waves of the ECLS-K--Kindergarten Class…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Body Weight, Intervention, Obesity
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