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Kim, Sunha; Chang, Mido – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2010
The study explored the effects of computer use on the mathematical performance of students with special attention to ELL students. To achieve a high generalizability of findings, the study used a U.S. nationally representative database, the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), and adopted proper weights. The study…
Descriptors: Limited English Speaking, Elementary School Students, Hispanic American Students, Asian American Students
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Georges, Annie; Pallas, Aaron M. – Journal of Educational Research, 2010
The authors examined the relation of school-year teaching practices to SES and race/ethnic score gaps in mathematics by fitting an individual growth model with a representative sample drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort data. There were mixed findings. Teaching practices had uniform effects for all students,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Teaching Methods, Ethnicity, Scores
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Cooper, Carey E.; Crosnoe, Robert; Suizzo, Marie-Anne; Pituch, Keenan A. – Journal of Family Issues, 2010
Using multilevel models of data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (N = 20,356), the authors find that parental involvement in education partially mediates the association between family poverty and children's math and reading achievement in kindergarten, but differences exist across race. In Asian families, poor and…
Descriptors: African American Children, Racial Differences, Poverty, Reading Achievement
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Grady, Matthew W.; Beretvas, S. Natasha – Multivariate Behavioral Research, 2010
Multiple membership random effects models (MMREMs) have been developed for use in situations where individuals are members of multiple higher level organizational units. Despite their availability and the frequency with which multiple membership structures are encountered, no studies have extended the MMREM approach to hierarchical growth curve…
Descriptors: Models, Change, Group Membership, Statistical Analysis
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Crosnoe, Robert; Cooper, Carey E. – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
Working from a core perspective on the developmental implications of economic disadvantage, this study attempted to identify "family-based" mechanisms of economic effects on early learning and their potential "school-based" remedies. Multilevel analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed that…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Teacher Qualifications, Economically Disadvantaged, Disadvantaged Youth
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Sonnenschein, Susan; Stapleton, Laura M.; Benson, Amy – American Educational Research Journal, 2010
A latent growth model was used to investigate the longer term efficacy of phonics and integrated language arts instruction as well as amount of such instruction on children's reading development, using the nationally representative Early Childhood Longitudinal Study data set (kindergarten through fifth grade). Type and amount of instruction were…
Descriptors: Decoding (Reading), Reading Comprehension, At Risk Students, Ethnicity
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Jennings, Jennifer L.; DiPrete, Thomas A. – Sociology of Education, 2010
Although many recognize that social and behavioral skills play an important role in educational stratification, no studies have attempted to estimate teachers' effects on these outcomes. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), the authors estimate teacher effects on social and behavioral skills as well…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Teaching Methods, Interpersonal Competence, Teacher Influence
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Fletcher, Jason – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2010
Over the last decade, the federal government has directed schools to provide educational instruction for students with special needs in general education settings to the extent possible. While there is mixed evidence on the effects of these inclusion policies on the students with special needs, research examining potential spillovers of inclusion…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Scores
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Mashburn, Andrew J.; Myers, Sonya S. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2010
Purpose: The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K; U.S. Department of Education, 2000) includes comprehensive assessments of home, classroom, and school contexts and developmental outcomes for a nationally representative sample of more than 20,000 children who began kindergarten in 1998-1999. The purposes of this article…
Descriptors: Physical Disabilities, Learning Disabilities, Language Impairments, Children
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Kim, Se-Kang – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2010
The aim of the study is to compare longitudinal patterns from Mathematics and Reading data from the direct child assessment of Early Child Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten (ECLS-K, US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics 2006), utilizing Profile Analysis via Multidimensional Scaling (PAMS). PAMS has been used initially…
Descriptors: Multidimensional Scaling, Mathematics Achievement, Kindergarten, Reading Achievement
Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2010
In recent years, child care subsidies have become an integral part of federal and state efforts to move economically disadvantaged parents from welfare to work. Although previous empirical studies consistently show that these employment-related subsidies raise work levels among this group, little is known about the impact of subsidy receipt on…
Descriptors: Grants, Child Care, Young Children, Well Being
Rathbun, Amy – American Institutes for Research, 2010
As the number of schools changing from part- to full-day kindergarten programs increases, state and local education agencies need empirically-based evidence on ways that schools and teachers can best structure the additional instructional time of full-day programs to improve children's early reading skills. This brief uses nationally…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Early Reading, Reading Achievement, Reading Skills
Mongeon, Rebecca, Ed.; Tambascio, Donna, Ed. – Wellesley Centers for Women, 2010
The "Research & Action Report," published twice a year, is a window on the activities and initiatives at the Wellesley Centers for Women. The report typically features news about the Centers, interviews with researchers, commentary on recent events or social trends affecting women and girls, announcements of new publications, and…
Descriptors: Females, Educational Research, Life Style, Health Behavior
Education Commission of the States (NJ3), 2010
States, districts and schools are now being offered unprecedented opportunities to develop programs that will improve student performance and turn around underperforming schools. An understanding of how reducing chronic early absence helps those efforts will go a long way to assure that innovative school improvement policies and practices will be…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Policy
Hong, Guanglei; Pelletier, Janette; Hong, Yihua; Corter, Carl – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2010
The purpose of this study is two-fold. Firstly the authors examine, given the amount of time allocated to literacy instruction, whether homogeneous grouping helps improve class manageability over the kindergarten year and whether individual students' externalizing problem behaviors will decrease in tandem. Secondly, they investigate whether the…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Homogeneous Grouping, Kindergarten, Literacy Education
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