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Cabrera, Natasha J.; Fagan, Jay; Wight, Vanessa; Schadler, Cornelia – Child Development, 2011
The association among mothers', fathers', and infants' risk and cognitive and social behaviors at 24 months was examined using structual equation modeling and data on 4,200 on toddlers and their parents from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort. There were 3 main findings. First, for cognitive outcomes, maternal risk was directly…
Descriptors: Mothers, Young Children, Parent Child Relationship, Fathers
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Cheadle, Jacob E.; Amato, Paul R. – Journal of Family Issues, 2011
The authors used the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, to test ideas from Lareau's qualitative study of social class differences in parenting. Consistent with Lareau, a confirmatory factor analysis supported the general concerted cultivation construct--a parenting strategy that subsumes parents' school…
Descriptors: Race, Social Class, Extracurricular Activities, Socioeconomic Status
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Stylianides, Andreas J.; Stylianides, Gabriel J. – Urban Education, 2011
Research showed that children's school-entry academic skills are strong predictors of their later achievement, thereby highlighting the importance of children's achievement at kindergarten entry. This article defines a particular type of parental involvement in children's education and uses a representative sample of American urban kindergarteners…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Parent Child Relationship, Kindergarten, Urban Youth
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Milkie, Melissa A.; Warner, Catharine H. – Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 2011
Sociological research focuses on how poverty, family, and neighborhood dynamics shape children's problems, but knowledge about how school is related to children's mental health is underdeveloped, despite its central presence in children's lives. Using a social structure and personality-stress contagion perspective, the authors use a nationally…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Mental Health, Academic Standards, Social Structure
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Ready, Douglas D.; Wright, David L. – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
Teachers' subjective understandings of their students' cognitive abilities have important implications for classroom interactions, children's access to resources and opportunities, and educational equity more broadly. Using nationally representative data and three-level hierarchical linear models, this study explored the links between teacher…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences, Cognitive Ability
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Melnick, Steven A.; Witmer, Judith T.; Strickland, Martha J. – Arts Education Policy Review, 2011
In recent years, an increasing number of studies have suggested connections among cognition, social and emotional development, and the arts. Some of this research indicates that students in schools where the arts are an integral part of the academic program tend to have an academic advantage over students for whom that is not the case. This study…
Descriptors: Art Education, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Grade 5
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Lim, Hyo Jin; Kim, Junyeop – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2011
This paper aims at investigating the causal effects of social behaviors on subsequent reading growth in elementary school, using the "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten" ("ECLS-K") data. The sample was 8,869 subjects who provided longitudinal measures of reading IRT scores from kindergarten (1998-1999) to fifth…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Reading Achievement, Reading Skills, Interpersonal Competence
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Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L. – Computers & Education, 2011
This investigation explores young children's computer skills development from kindergarten to third grade using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) dataset. The sample size of the study was 8642 children. Latent growth curve modeling analysis was used as an analytical tool to examine the development of children's computer…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Young Children, Computers, Kindergarten
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Kim, Hyun Sik – American Sociological Review, 2011
In this article, I propose a three-stage estimation model to examine the effect of parental divorce on the development of children's cognitive skills and noncognitive traits. Using a framework that includes pre-, in-, and post-divorce time periods, I disentangle the complex factors affecting children of divorce. I use the Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Divorce, Least Squares Statistics, Kindergarten, Child Development
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Estelle, Sarah M. – Economics of Education Review, 2011
Numerous empirical studies have found that maternal educational attainment is correlated positively with desirable outcomes for children, including academic achievement. At the same time, little is known about the effect of the timing of mothers' schooling on the same set of child outcomes. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten…
Descriptors: Mothers, Educational Attainment, Kindergarten, Postsecondary Education
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Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Bell, Randy L.; O'Connell, Ann A. – Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 2011
This study explores the impacts of selected early science experiences in kindergarten (frequency and duration of teachers' teaching of science, availability of sand/water table and science areas, and children's participation in cooking and science equipment activities) on children's science achievement in kindergarten and third grade using data…
Descriptors: Science Activities, Teacher Education Programs, Economic Status, Structural Equation Models
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Ferguson, Jason L.; Ready, Douglas D. – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2011
Inherited privilege and status remain powerful factors in the distribution of opportunity in American life. These transfers of socioeconomic resources across generations are facilitated by the links between adult educational attainment and children's cognitive skills. Our current study expands the notion of social reproduction beyond this narrow…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Educational Attainment, Young Children, Grandchildren
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Graves, Scott – Race, Ethnicity and Education, 2011
The purpose of this study was to examine correlates of being at expected grade level in reading in the third grade. Participants for this study were a nationally representative sample of African American children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K). Multilevel modeling was conducted to determine significant predictors of academic…
Descriptors: African American Students, Elementary School Students, Federal Legislation, African American Achievement
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Eddy, Colleen M.; Easton-Brooks, Donald – Urban Education, 2011
Educators, administrators, and policymakers focus much attention on closing the achievement gap, and various approaches have been suggested. The present study focuses on one approach being suggested: student-teacher ethnic matching. The study focused on the long-term contributions of African American ethnic matching to mathematical test scores of…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, African American Students, Mathematics Achievement, Educational Methods
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Fagan, Jay – Journal of Marriage and Family, 2011
Healthy Marriage programs in the United States aim to promote marriage primarily among low-income individuals. There is little research assessing whether children fare better when their never-married mothers get married. The present study uses the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey-Birth Cohort to test the hypothesis that children have higher…
Descriptors: Mothers, Low Income, Marriage, Family Structure
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