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Kaplan, David; Chen, Cassie J. S. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
Propensity score analysis (PSA) has been used in a variety of settings, such as education, epidemiology, and sociology. Most typically, propensity score analysis has been implemented within the conventional frequentist perspective of statistics. This perspective, as is well known, does not account for uncertainty in either the parameters of the…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Probability, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Inference
Leak, James A.; Farkas, George – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
In light of the strong correlation between Kindergarten performance and later cognitive and achievement outcomes, this paper investigates the link between student achievement and the educational background characteristics of Kindergarten teachers. This study will utilize the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K), a…
Descriptors: Credentials, Teacher Education Programs, Elementary Education, Achievement Gains
Ruzek, Erik; Burchinal, Margaret; Farkas, George; Duncan, Greg; Dang, Tran; Lee, Weilin – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
The authors use the ECLS-B, a nationally-representative study of children born in 2001 to report the child care arrangements and quality characteristics for 2-year olds in the United States and to estimate the effects of differing levels of child care quality on two-year old children's cognitive development. Their goal is to test whether high…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Infant Care, Child Care, Cognitive Development
Hawkinson, Laura E. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
Research using an experimental design is needed to provide firm causal evidence on the impacts of child care subsidy use on child development, and on underlying causal mechanisms since subsidies can affect child development only indirectly via changes they cause in children's early experiences. However, before costly experimental research is…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Child Care, Cognitive Development, Child Development
Dang, Tran T.; Farkas, George; Burchinal, Margaret R.; Duncan, Greg J.; Vandell, Deborah L.; Li, Weilin; Ruzek, Erik A.; Howes, Carollee – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
The aim of this paper is to address two research questions related to the policy goal of having all children ready to learn at kindergarten entry. First, to what extent are children's cognitive and achievement skills higher when they experience higher quality preschools? Second, are the effects of preschool center quality on these school readiness…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Educational Quality, School Readiness, Preschool Children
Clark, Teresa Parton – ProQuest LLC, 2011
Reading is a necessary skill in our modern society and is increasingly critical for success in our highly technological society. Yet many children from low-SES backgrounds struggle to develop reading proficiency (Lee, Grigg, & Donahue, 2007) and continuing concerns about this pervasive relationship has led to an increased focus on creating…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Early Intervention, Early Reading, Reading Skills
Graham, Suzanne E.; Teague, Christine – Carsey Institute, 2011
This brief examines the complex interplay of family, school, and place factors in the reading achievement levels of third grade students. Third grade reading achievement is critical to later academic and occupational success. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, the authors report that suburban children realize greater gains in…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Low Achievement, Kindergarten, Grade 3
Akers, Kathryn Shirley – ProQuest LLC, 2011
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a practical application of social network analysis in the field of education using a large-scale data source. Using the Early Childhood Longitudinal Base Year data, a network is identified by examining the connections that occur between supports, both inside and outside formal special education resources…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Special Education, Children, Educational Research
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Roberts, Greg; Bryant, Diane – Developmental Psychology, 2011
This study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Survey, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999, to (a) estimate mathematics achievement trends through 5th grade in the population of students who are English-language proficient by the end of kindergarten, (b) compare trends across primary language groups within this English-language proficient…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Mathematics Achievement, Children, Kindergarten
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Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal – Economics of Education Review, 2011
A child care subsidy is one of the most effective policy instruments to facilitate low-income individuals' transition from welfare to work. Although previous studies consistently find that subsidy receipt is associated with increased employment among single mothers, there is currently no evidence on the influence of these benefits on the decision…
Descriptors: Grants, Child Care, Human Capital, Mothers
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Barnard-Brak, Lucy; To, Yen M.; Davis, Tonya N.; Thomson, David – Early Child Development and Care, 2011
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the association between fathers' involvement and the presence of later symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. A community-based, nationally representative sample of children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort was utilised. Using a…
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Fathers
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Cabrera, Natasha J.; Hofferth, Sandra L.; Chae, Soo – Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 2011
This study examines whether levels of father engagement (e.g., verbal stimulation, caregiving, and physical play) vary by race/ethnicity using a model that controls for fathers' human capital, mental health, and family relationships. It also tests whether the models work similarly across race/ethnic groups. Its sample of N = 5089 infants and their…
Descriptors: Human Capital, Ethnicity, Stimulation, Play
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Benner, Aprile D.; Crosnoe, Robert – American Educational Research Journal, 2011
This study attempted to untangle how two dimensions of school racial/ethnic composition--racial/ethnic diversity of the student body and racial/ethnic matching between children and their peers--were related to socioemotional and academic development after the transition into elementary school. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Racial Factors, Academic Achievement, Young Children
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Goldstein, Jessica; McCoach, D. Betsy – Early Childhood Research & Practice, 2011
Developmentally appropriate, psychometrically sound instruments are needed to assess young children and evaluate learning programs. In the United States, little guidance exists on the development and use of large-scale assessments that cover the broad range of skills that encompass young children's development. In 2005 and 2006, the State of…
Descriptors: Familiarity, Preschool Children, Receptive Language, Expressive Language
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Durand, Tina M. – Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2011
Parental involvement in children's schooling is an important component of children's early school success. Few studies have examined this construct exclusively among Latino families. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K), the present investigation (N = 2,051) explored relations between Latino parents' home and school…
Descriptors: School Involvement, Parent Participation, Children, Parent School Relationship
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