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Asigbee, Fiona M.; Whitney, Stephen D.; Peterson, Catherine E. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Research demonstrates a link between decreased cognitive function in overweight school-aged children and improved cognitive function among students with high fitness levels and children engaging in regular physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to examine whether regular PA and proper nutrition together had a significant…
Descriptors: Correlation, Physical Activity Level, Socioeconomic Status, Age Differences
Hwang, HyeJin – ProQuest LLC, 2018
Reading development in students who are second language learners (SLLs) has been a concern of many educators. It is important to understand reading development in students who are SLLs to effectively support their reading development. The dissertation consists of two studies, presented in two stand-alone manuscripts, that aimed to deepen our…
Descriptors: Reading Motivation, Reading Achievement, Grade 3, Elementary School Students
Farnsworth, Elyse McCullough – ProQuest LLC, 2018
According to the "Individuals with Disabilities Education Act" (2004), state and local education agencies are obligated to locate, identify, and evaluate all individuals ages birth to 21 years who may be in need of special education services and supports. Past research suggested, however, that disparities exist between the percent of…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Special Education, Referral, Preschool Children
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Gottfried, Michael – Exceptional Children, 2018
Some education policy analysts have called for increased participation of young children in full-day kindergarten programs as opposed to part-day kindergarten. However, little is known about whether students with disabilities are increasingly attending these programs and what their teachers are like. This study addresses this gap by examining…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Kindergarten, School Schedules, Surveys
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Iruka, Iheoma U.; Forry, Nicole D. – Journal of Education, 2018
Patterns of quality among approximately 1,400 center classrooms and 350 family child care homes based on measures of global quality, sensitive caregiving, and frequency of language/literacy and math/numeracy activities were examined. Four patterns of quality were identified. Provider education was predictive of higher quality care in both centers…
Descriptors: Child Care Centers, Educational Quality, Caregiver Child Relationship, Child Caregivers
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von Hippel, Paul T.; Workman, Joseph; Downey, Douglas B. – Sociology of Education, 2018
When do children become unequal in reading and math skills? Some research claims that inequality grows mainly before school begins. Some research claims that schools cause inequality to grow. And some research--including the 2004 study ''Are Schools the Great Equalizer?''--claims that inequality grows mainly during summer vacations. Unfortunately,…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Mathematics Skills, Equal Education, Research Methodology
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Betancur, Laura; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Schunn, Christian – International Journal of STEM Education, 2018
Background: In contrast to the extensive research on socioeconomic gaps in reading and math achievement, little attention has been given to socioeconomic disparities in science skills, particularly during the early years of schooling. This emphasis on later years may be problematic because large socioeconomic disparities emerge in the early years,…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Social Differences, Achievement Gap, Science Achievement
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Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – AERA Open, 2018
Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 were used to examine the implications of preschool and full-day kindergarten enrollment for the subsequent school absences of 2,056 children with disabilities. Results suggest that children with disabilities who went to preschool were absent less frequently in…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Disabilities, Children, Attendance
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Gullo, Dominic F.; Miller, Michel – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2018
Factors that affect children's school readiness potential are evident from birth. Structural equation modeling was used to test the hypotheses that certain factors related to family risk conditions, the quality of prenatal care, maternal health during pregnancy, and the health status of the child at birth mediate children's readiness for school.…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, School Readiness, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys
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Gottfried, Michael A. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over the past 20 years, the number of teacher's aides in the United States has more than doubled, potentially in response to the growth of special education programs now taking place in general education schools. Surprisingly, little research at all has focused on the role that teacher's aides may play in improving student achievement, and no…
Descriptors: Teacher Aides, Disabilities, Kindergarten, Role
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Lee, RaeHyuck; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2018
We examined the associations between preschool attendance and academic school readiness at kindergarten entry among 5-year-old children of immigrant mothers in the United States using data from a US nationally representative sample (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, N = 1650). Comparing children who were in preschool (Head Start,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Attendance, School Readiness, Immigrants
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Puccioni, Jaime – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2018
The current study uses nationally representative data drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B) to estimate a structural equation model that examines the associations among parents' academic and behavior-oriented school readiness beliefs, home- and school-based parental involvement, and children's academic achievement…
Descriptors: Family School Relationship, Children, Surveys, Longitudinal Studies
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Bassok, Daphna; Gibbs, Chloe R.; Latham, Scott – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study employs data from both kindergarten cohorts of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (n ~ 12,450 in 1998; n ~ 11,000 in 2010) to assess whether associations between preschool participation and children's academic and behavioral outcomes--both at school entry (Mean age = 5.6 years in both cohorts) and through third grade--have changed…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Preschool Education
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Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Background: School absenteeism has been recognized as a growing issue in the United States, especially during the early elementary school years when it is most pervasive. Accordingly, there has been growing interest in understanding why children are absent and whether certain early educational experiences can reduce children's rates of school…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Preschool Education, Kindergarten, Child Care Centers
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Ansari, Arya; Gottfried, Michael A. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 2010-2011 were used to examine the implications of preschool and full-day kindergarten enrollment for the subsequent school absences of 2,056 children with disabilities. Results suggest that children with disabilities who went to preschool were absent less frequently in…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Attendance Patterns
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