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Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Garrett J.; Miciak, Jeremy; Taylor, Pat; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We examine the efficacy of an intervention to improve word reading and reading comprehension in fourth- and fifth-grade students with significant reading problems. Using a randomized control trial design, we compare the fourth- and fifth-grade reading outcomes of students with severe reading difficulties who were provided a researcher-developed…
Descriptors: Intervention, Learning Disabilities, Word Recognition, Reading Comprehension
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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Williams, Kelly J.; Cho, Eunsoo; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This randomized control trial examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at improving multisyllabic word reading (MWR) skills among fourth- and fifth-grade struggling readers (n = 109, 48.6% male), as well as the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs training component. This study was a closely aligned replication of our earlier…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Skills, Syllables, Grade 4
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Hung, Yi-Hui; Frost, Stephen J.; Molfese, Peter; Malins, Jeffrey G.; Landi, Nicole; Mencl, W. Einar; Rueckl, Jay G.; Bogaerts, Louisa; Pugh, Kenneth R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
To investigate the neural basis of a common statistical learning mechanism involved in motor sequence learning and decoding, we recorded brain activation from participants during a serial reaction time (SRT) task and a word reading task using functional magnetic resonance imaging. In the SRT task, a manual response was made depending on the…
Descriptors: Brain, Word Recognition, Reading Skills, Individual Differences
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Wakabayashi, Tomoko; Claxton, Jill; Smith, Everett V., Jr. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
The Child Observation Record (COR), initially developed in 1993 by HighScope Educational Research Foundation, is an observation-based instrument that provides systematic assessment of young children's knowledge and abilities in all major areas of development. Teachers or caregivers spend a few minutes each day writing brief notes or…
Descriptors: Observation, Evaluation Methods, Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten
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Shinde, Satomi K.; Maeda, Yukiko – Exceptionality, 2019
Classification changes are common in special education. Using the first four years of the Pre-elementary Education Longitudinal Study data set (N = 3000), we investigated national trends in classification changes among young children with disabilities, the relationship between classification changes and children's demographic information, and the…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Educational Change, Special Education, Special Needs Students
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Rossi, Maya; Martin-Chang, Sandra; Ouellette, Gene – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
Variations in the accuracy and stability of a word's spelling can be used to gauge the quality of its underlying orthographic representation. The Lexical Quality Hypothesis (LQH) contends that words with higher quality cognitive representations should be accessed more efficiently than those with lower quality representations. If this is the case,…
Descriptors: Spelling, Accuracy, Reading Rate, Adolescents
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Lindstrom, Jennifer H. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2019
There is often confusion about the terms used to label or describe a reading problem. Clinicians and researchers use different terminology than the schools. For example, medical professionals, psychologists, and other practitioners outside of the school often use the term "dyslexia," "reading disorder," and "specific…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Reading Difficulties, Compliance (Legal), Eligibility
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Cash, Anne Henry; Ansari, Arya; Grimm, Kevin J.; Pianta, Robert C. – Early Education and Development, 2019
The current study focuses on the cumulative effect on children's early learning outcomes of the quality of teacher-child interactions over multiple years during early childhood. Using propensity score matching to minimize selection bias, we compared the academic outcomes of children who experienced consistently high-quality or consistently…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Preschool Education, Kindergarten
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Bustamante, Andres S.; Hindman, Annemarie H. – Early Education and Development, 2019
This study used the FACES 2009 dataset to examine the possibility of an indirect effect of classroom quality on academic school readiness through teacher-rated approaches to learning in a large nationally representative sample of children served by Head Start. Research Findings: Classroom quality did not directly predict gains in academic school…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Early Intervention, At Risk Students, Educational Quality
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Knight, Erin; Blacher, Jan; Eisenhower, Abbey – School Psychology, 2019
Relationships between early literacy measures (i.e., curriculum-based measurement) and advanced literacy measures (i.e., reading comprehension) were examined in young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Participants in this study were 167 children between the ages of 4 and 7 years (M = 5 years 8 months), who were assessed at 2 time…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Reading Comprehension, Young Children, Autism
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Willoughby, Michael T.; Wylie, Amanda C.; Little, Michael H. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Children with higher levels of executive function (EF) skills consistently demonstrate higher levels of academic achievement. Despite the consistency of these associations, fundamental questions remain about whether efforts to improve an individual child's EF skills result in corresponding improvements in his or her academic performance. In the…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Academic Achievement, Cognitive Ability, Achievement Gains
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Pratt, Megan E.; Swanson, Jodi; van Huisstede, Lauren; Gaias, Larissa M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
Multiple, simultaneous stressors in the family context during early childhood may compromise healthy adjustment to school, with potential long-term implications. Moreover, stressors across multiple contexts (e.g., home and school) can exacerbate the negative influences of stress on children's functioning. We investigated associations between…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Standardized Tests, Teacher Student Relationship, Student Adjustment
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Wei, Qi; Dilworth-Bart, Janean E.; Miller, Kyle E.; Liesen, Carolyn A. – Early Child Development and Care, 2018
This study adopts an intergenerational approach to explore whether mothers' school experiences influence academic readiness through parenting beliefs and parenting quality. Forty-five mothers were categorised as either having a desired or feared school-related identity based on their narratives about past school experiences and the ways they…
Descriptors: Mothers, Student Experience, School Readiness, Identification (Psychology)
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Eichhorn, Melinda S. – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2018
When teachers conduct a universal screening in mathematics, they identify students who are struggling with mathematical content and adjust their instruction. In this mixed-methods study in Kolkata, India, teachers piloted a screening tool at the beginning of the academic year in 5th grade to determine students' (n = 171) understanding of…
Descriptors: Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, Mixed Methods Research, Foreign Countries
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Jayanthi, Madhavi; Dimino, Joseph; Gersten, Russell; Taylor, Mary Jo; Haymond, Kelly; Smolkowski, Keith; Newman-Gonchar, Rebecca – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2018
The purpose of this replication study was to examine the impact of the Teacher Study Group (TSG) professional development in vocabulary on first-grade teachers' knowledge of vocabulary instruction and observed teaching practice, and on students' vocabulary knowledge. Sixty-two schools from 16 districts in four states were randomly assigned to…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Teaching Methods, Faculty Development, Grade 1
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