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Vaughn, Sharon; Solís, Michael; Miciak, Jeremy; Taylor, W. Pat; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
This study examined the effectiveness of a researcher-provided intervention with fourth graders with significant reading difficulties. The intervention emphasized multisyllable word reading, fluent reading of high-frequency words and phrases, vocabulary, and comprehension. To identify the participants, 1,695 fourth-grade students were screened…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Outcomes of Treatment
Swanson, Elizabeth; Wanzek, Jeanne; McCulley, Lisa; Stillman-Spisak, Stephanie; Vaughn, Sharon; Simmons, Deborah; Fogarty, Melissa; Hairrell, Angela – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
This study reports vocabulary and reading comprehension instructional practices implemented in middle and high school social studies and language arts classrooms. It also describes text reading practices. We conducted 137 observations of 11 social studies and 9 language arts teachers over the course of 1 academic year. We observed instructional…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, Teaching Methods, Educational Practices
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Boardman, Alison G.; Vaughn, Sharon; Buckley, Pamela; Reutebuch, Colleen; Roberts, Greg; Klingner, Janette – Exceptional Children, 2016
Sixty fourth- and fifth-grade general education teachers were randomly assigned to teach Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR; Klingner, Vaughn, Boardman, & Swanson, 2012), a set of reading comprehension strategies, or to a business-as-usual comparison group. Results demonstrate that students with learning disabilities (LD) who received CSR…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 5, Elementary School Teachers, Reading Strategies
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2016
We describe teacher fidelity (adherence to the components of the treatment as specified by the research team) based on a series of studies of a multicomponent intervention, Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content Through Text (PACT), with middle and high school social studies teachers and their students. Findings reveal that even with…
Descriptors: Fidelity, Curriculum Implementation, Intervention, Middle Schools
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Miciak, Jeremy; Taylor, W. Pat; Stuebing, Karla K.; Fletcher, Jack M.; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
An appropriate estimate of statistical power is critical for the design of intervention studies. Although the inclusion of a pretest covariate in the test of the primary outcome can increase statistical power, samples selected on the basis of pretest performance may demonstrate range restriction on the selection measure and other correlated…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Research Design, Intervention, Statistical Analysis
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Swanson, Elizabeth; Reed, Deborah; Vaughn, Sharon – Preventing School Failure, 2016
High school social studies teachers face unique challenges in helping their students learn independently from text in their discipline. In this article, a set of research-based practices that couple independent student reading with high-quality instruction proven to improve content learning for high school nonnative English speakers is provided.…
Descriptors: Secondary School Teachers, Social Studies, Independent Reading, Content Area Reading
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Barth, Amy E.; Vaughn, Sharon; Capin, Philip; Cho, Eunsoo; Stillman-Spisak, Stephanie; Martinez, Leticia; Kincaid, Heather – Topics in Language Disorders, 2016
Purpose: We examined the effects of a text-processing reading comprehension intervention emphasizing listening comprehension and expressive language practices with middle school students with reading difficulties. Method: A total of 134 struggling readers in grades 6-8 were randomly assigned to treatment (n = 83) and control conditions (n = 51)…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Listening Comprehension, Expressive Language
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Solis, Michael; El Zein, Farah; Vaughn, Sharon; McCulley, Lisa V.; Falcomata, Terry S. – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2016
We conducted two separate but related single-case studies using alternating treatment designs to investigate the effects of two single-component reading interventions: question development and anaphoric cueing. In each study, we compared a typical intervention approach (Study 1, question development; Study 2, anaphoric cueing) with an alternate…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Capin, Philip; Walker, Melodee A.; Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne – Grantee Submission, 2017
Treatment fidelity data (descriptive and statistical) are critical to interpreting and generalizing outcomes of intervention research. Despite recommendations for treatment fidelity reporting from funding agencies and researchers, past syntheses have found treatment fidelity is frequently unreported (e.g., Swanson, "The Journal of Special…
Descriptors: Primary Education, Intervention, Fidelity, Program Implementation
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Austin, Christy R.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Scammacca, Nancy K.; Vaughn, Sharon; Gesel, Samantha A.; Donegan, Rachel E.; Engelmann, Morgan L. – Exceptional Children, 2019
Empirical studies investigating supplemental reading interventions for students with or at risk for reading disabilities in the early elementary grades have demonstrated a range of effect sizes. Identifying the findings from high-quality research can provide greater certainty of findings related to the effectiveness of supplemental reading…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Supplementary Education
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Cho, Eunsoo; Roberts, Garrett J.; Capin, Philip; Roberts, Greg; Miciak, Jeremy; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2015
We examined cognitive attributes, attention, and self-efficacy of fourth grade struggling readers who were identified as adequate responders (n = 27), inadequate responders with comprehension only deficits (n = 46), and inadequate responders with comprehension and word reading deficits (n = 52) after receiving a multicomponent reading…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Attention, Self Efficacy, Elementary School Students
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Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Greg; Swanson, Elizabeth A.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Fall, Anna-Mária; Stillman-Spisak, Stephanie J. – Educational Psychology Review, 2015
This study aimed to replicate findings that demonstrated impact on students' reading comprehension and social studies content learning. Using a randomized control trial, intervention, and outcome measures, this study was replicated in 85 8th-grade social studies classes with 19 teachers. Teachers were provided professional development on…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Social Studies, Reading Comprehension, Grade 8
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Vaughn, Sharon – Remedial and Special Education, 2015
This article provides an overview of my experiences in special education as a teacher and subsequently as an intervention researcher providing background on where we were in providing instruction to individuals with disabilities 40 years ago (prior to legal protections and supports) compared with the present. This article acknowledges the progress…
Descriptors: Special Needs Students, Instructional Design, Instructional Development, Instructional Effectiveness
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Giroir, Shannon; Grimaldo, Leticia Romero; Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Greg – Reading Teacher, 2015
This article describes the implementation of a read-aloud routine focused on the development of vocabulary knowledge and comprehension for English Learners (ELs) in grades K-3. This paper describes the steps of a daily read-aloud system, including key applications of second language acquisition and culturally responsive pedagogy with examples of…
Descriptors: Reading Aloud to Others, Elementary School Students, Young Children, English (Second Language)
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Ciullo, Stephen; Falcomata, Terry; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2015
The authors report the effects of a single-case, multiple-probe design investigation for students with learning disabilities (LD) in Grades 4 and 5. Seven students classified as LD and with persistent difficulty with informational-text comprehension from two elementary schools participated. The study compared social studies learning across two…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Social Studies, Elementary School Students, Instructional Materials
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