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Porter, Eleanor; And Others – 1992
A United States Employment Service (USES) General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) plan was formulated to evaluate and develop additional job-related assessment methods. Eighteen alternative predictors were reviewed, from which biodata was selected for development. The literature indicates that biodata provides increased validity with little or no…
Descriptors: Biographical Inventories, Educational Research, Occupational Tests, Personnel Evaluation
Simmons, Ernest W. – 1992
As developer and custodian of the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB), the U.S. Department of Labor (USDOL) is responsible for ensuring that its use meets established professional standards. Considering the logistical problems of overseeing the use of the GATB at more than 2,000 separate sites, the USDOL has confronted a monumental task in the…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, English, Program Evaluation, Spanish
Mecham, Robert C. – 1991
Occupational norms exist for some tests, and differences in the distributions of test scores by occupation are evident. Sampling error (SE), situationally specific factors (SSFs), and differences in job content (DIJCs) were explored as possible reasons for the observed differences. SE was explored by analyzing 742 validity studies performed by the…
Descriptors: Data Analysis, Estimation (Mathematics), Evaluation Utilization, Job Analysis
Synk, David J. – 1983
This study used meta-analysis research techniques to determine if there are differences in General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) validities and test scores between males and females. The sample consisted of 26,111 subjects from 122 Specific Aptitude Test Battery (SATB) validation or revalidation studies analyzed since 1972. Four approaches were…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Measurement Techniques, Meta Analysis, Scores
Employment and Training Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Div. of Counseling and Test Development. – 1983
This report cumulates the results of 515 validation studies carried out over a 45-year period by the United States Employment Service, and relates these findings to five systems of job classification and job analysis. Correction for sampling error shows that general cognitive, perceptual, and psychomotor ability are valid predictors of job…
Descriptors: Adults, Career Counseling, Cognitive Ability, Federal Programs
Hunter, John E. – 1983
This paper reviews the now massive general literature showing that psychological tests are fair to minorities. This literature shows that there is no single group validity, there is no differential validity, and tests overpredict rather than underpredict minority job performance. Further evidence in regard to blacks is introduced from 51…
Descriptors: Adults, American Indians, Aptitude Tests, Asian Americans
Kanawha County Schools, Charleston, WV. – 1982
This preapprenticeship preparation curriculum consists of 13 learning modules. Covered in the modules are the following: the nature and scope of apprenticeships, a pretest to assess students' mathematical skills, the General Aptitude Test Battery, interviews for an apprenticeship program, whole numbers, common fractions, decimal fractions,…
Descriptors: Algebra, Apprenticeships, Aptitude Tests, Decimal Fractions
Canadian Commission of Employment and Immigration, Ottawa (Ontario). – 1983
This document collects five presentations in the field of vocational counseling and guidance. Its aim is to share research reports with vocational counselors, enhancing the level of this service in Canada. In the first paper, Benjamin Gottlieb discusses social networks and the gestalt of help-seeking, pointing out that persons are attached to…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Career Counseling, Computer Assisted Testing
North Carolina Employment Security Commission, Raleigh. – 1983
The United States Employment Service is now able to expand the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) coverage from approximately 400 jobs to all candidates for every job in the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (over 12,000 occupations). In addition, employers can now receive more useful feedback on applicants. Instead of reporting whether a…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Job Performance, Personnel Evaluation, Personnel Management
Hunter, John E. – 1983
The structure of this report is as follows: First, specific aptitude theory and general ability theory, the two theories of the relation between ability and job performance, are presented and differentiated. Second, there is a discussion of problems in the current use of the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) and of problems in the use of…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Career Counseling, Factor Structure, Job Performance
Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA. – 1982
Compiled in order to offer vocational educators in Missouri a structured, comprehensive, and nondiscriminatory guide for admissions procedures, this handbook outlines the Missouri Admissions Policy and presents concrete guidelines for its implementation. Following a statement of the Missouri policy, proven methods of disseminating and publicizing…
Descriptors: Administrator Guides, Admission Criteria, Admission (School), Aptitude Tests
Swarthout, David; And Others – 1984
Meta-analysis techniques were used to determine whether or not there are differences in General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) validity and test scores between samples from the Northern, Southern, and Western United States census areas. The sample consisted of 26,111 subjects from 122 validation studies of the Specific Aptitude Test Battery (SATB).…
Descriptors: Aptitude Tests, Ethnic Status, Geographic Regions, Meta Analysis
Hunter, John E. – 1985
Drawing from work on the meta-analysis of over 500 validation studies of the General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) by the U.S. Employment Service, the paper presents a methodological message and a substantive message. Gene Glass's methods, as used by Edwin Ghiselli in personnel selection, ignore study artifacts (sampling error, error of…
Descriptors: Adults, Cognitive Ability, Error of Measurement, Job Performance
Young, Patricia L.; And Others – 1985
Although work, as a source of need satisfaction and self-esteem, is extremely important in our society, it has an increased meaning for people with disabilities because it permits them (and others) to perceive themselves as normal, competent citizens. This research studies the self-esteem of employees with developmental disabilities as measured by…
Descriptors: Adults, Anxiety, Developmental Disabilities, Family Influence
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Wagner, Richard K. – American Psychologist, 1997
Discusses issues of validity and fairness in the use of intelligence tests for job selection. Expands set of constructs used to predict job performance and sets of performance criteria used to quantify job performance. Presents an agenda for research and practice in job selection and training for the future. (MMU)
Descriptors: Employment, Intelligence Tests, Job Performance, Job Training
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